8th Air Force 262

16 March 1944
Ten men in Air Force uniform posed in two rows in front of a military airplane.  Five men standing to the rear and five men kneeling in front.  The men are wearing cold-weather flying gear. UPL 67470 UPL 67470 384th Bomb Group Lead Crews / 16 March 1944.
Back L-R: Horace Frink (AC/CP), Clarence Stearns (P), Keith Garrison (N), Milton Castleman (OBS/TG), George Marquardt (B).
Front L-R: David Barkhurst (TT), Theodore Corrigan (WG), Albert Fulwider (BT), John Robison (WG), Thomas Benson (RO).
On

Object Number - UPL 67470 - 384th Bomb Group Lead Crews / 16 March 1944. Back L-R: Horace Frink (AC/CP), Clarence Stearns (P), Keith Garrison (N), Milton Castleman (OBS/TG),...

Description

The two primary targets for this mission are: the industrial areas of Augsburg, Germany and Friedrichshafen, Germany. A combined force of 720 heavy bombers are despatched from 1st, 2nd and 3rd Air Divisions. The bomber gunners of the combined despatch claim 68-32-43 (probably exaggerated) of attacking German aircraft (statistic displayed with 3AD). Mission Summary follows:



3rd Air Division: A combined force of 221 B-17s from: 94BG; 95BG; 96BG; 100BG; 385BG; 388BG; 390BG; 447BG; and 352BG are despatched to attack at Augsburg, Germany. 188 aircraft are effective on Augsburg; 18 bomb at Ulm, Germany because they could not see the PFF markers at Augsburg, Germany. 13 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 20KIA 70POW 3EVD 28INT (Switzerland). 1 airman from a returning aircraft baled out over France and managed to evade capture - 1EVD 9RTD. 1 airman in a returning aircraft was KIA and another 8 were WIA. Bomber gunner claims (bundled for all Air Divisions) were 68-32-43 of attacking German aircraft. There ar no other losses, casualties or claims.



1st Air Division: A combined force of 280 B-17s from: 91BG; 92BG; 303BG; 305BG; 351BG; 379BG; 381BG; 384BG; 401BG; 457BG; and 482G are despatched to the primary target at Augsbug, Germany. 213 are effective at Augsburg, Germany 46 bomb the industrial areas of Gesserthausen, Germany because they mistakenly identified the PFF markers at Augsburg, Germany. 5 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 2KIA 22POW 2EVD 10RTD (rescued by ASR) 14INT (Switzerland). 2 airmen in returning aircraft are WIA. There are no other losses casulaties or claims.



2nd Air Division: A combined force of 239 B-24s from: 44BG; 93BG; 389BG; 392BG; 445BG; 446BG; 448BG; 453BG; and 458BG are despatched to bomb the industrial areas of Friedrickshafen, Germany. 197 are effective on the target; 12 aircraft bomb other Targets of Opportunity (TOs) in the area. 5 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) - 18KIA 8POW 2RTD (rescued by ASR). 1 aircraft was Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) when it ran out of petrol and crashed at Woodchurch AF, Kent. 7KIA 3RTD. 6 airmen on returning aircraft are KIA and another 7 WIA. There are no other losses casualties or claims.

Mission Details

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: It has not been determined which Groups from 2nd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 33.53
  • Aircraft sent: 13
  • Aircraft effective: 13

AUGSBURG (Primary)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Fighter opposition is heavy against the first groups over France and Germany. The bomber gunners take a good toll of attackers (claims probably over-stated). One Group attacked Ulm as a Tairget of Opportunity because it could not see the Pathfinder (PFF) markers at Augsburg. Groups participating are all 3rd Bomb Division.

Three airmen of the 100th Bomb Group, Lieutenant Kenneth Menzie, Lieutenant Donald Strout and Lieutenant Norman Scott, plan the route they will take during the next mission in their B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-30380). Image stamped on reverse: 'Reviewed and passed U.S. Army 23 Aug 1943 Press Censor E.T.O. U.S.A.' [stamp]'. Passed for publication 23 August 1943 INTLD 16 General Section Press Censorship Bureau '[stamp], 'Associated Press' [stamp] and '280035.' [Censor no.] Printed caption on reve
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 390th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 447th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 433.53
  • People killed in action: 21
  • People wounded in action: 8
  • People evaded: 3
  • Prisoners of war: 80
  • People interned: 28
  • People returned to duty: 9
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 68
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 32
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 43
  • Aircraft sent: 203
  • Aircraft effective: 188
  • Aircraft missing in action: 13

AUGSBURG (Primary)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: One squadron turned back at the French coast because it was unable to form up with the rest of its Combat Wing. 457th BG MISSION NO. 13 - LECHFELD, GERMANY 16 MARCH 1944 Eighteen aircraft were dispatched to attack the airdrome at Lechfeld, Germany, an experimental field for Messerschmidts in southern Germany. Major Francis was Air Commander andLt. Mark R. Beicher was pilot. The Group comprised the highbox in the Wing formation. A heavy undercast prevented the bombing of the primary target; however the secondary target ofAugsburg, Germany, was bombed with unobserved results.Moderate flak encountered over the target area caused damageto three planes. Several crews reported observing ground rockets being used by the Germans. On the way back to England, German fighters began attacks northeast of Paris. The aircraft piloted by Lt. Lewis W.Lennartson was attacked by enemy fighters. The craft made it to the Channel where the crew was forced to ditch about seven miles off the French coast. The crew was rescued by the British Air-Sea RescueService, bringing the entire crew to safety. The tail gunner caught a piece of flak and was the only crew member to sustain injury.Lt. Lennartson and crew became the first of the 457th crews to ditch.The Eighth had dispatched 740 bombers to various targets. Twenty-three failed to return.

Official emblem of the 303rd Bomb Group approved 7 November 1942.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
Unofficial emblem, 305th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
Official insignia of the 306th Bomb Group, approved 6 January 1943, and updated 2 October 1951.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 462.21
  • People killed in action: 2
  • People wounded in action: 2
  • People evaded: 2
  • Prisoners of war: 22
  • People interned: 14
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Aircraft sent: 234
  • Aircraft effective: 213
  • Aircraft missing in action: 5

FRIEDRICHSHAFEN (Primary)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: 6,032,000 leaflets were also dropped by the bombers. All Groups participating are from 2nd Bomb Division.

The insignia of the 389th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 392nd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A pathfinder B-24 Liberator (serial number 42-51681) of the 453rd Bomb Group flies in formation with a fellow Liberator of the 453rd and and a pathfinder Liberator of the 445th Bomb Group. Image via Alan Rowsell.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 448th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 44th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 508.06
  • People killed in action: 31
  • People wounded in action: 7
  • Prisoners of war: 8
  • People interned: 22
  • People returned to duty: 5
  • Aircraft sent: 200
  • Aircraft effective: 197
  • Aircraft missing in action: 5
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1

GESSERTSHAUSEN (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: 1st Combat Bomb Wing mistook Gessertshausen for Augsburg on the Pathfinder (PFF) screen. Groups participating are from the 1st Combat Bomb Wing of the 1st Bomb Division.

The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 398th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
Unofficial emblem of the 91st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 99.82
  • Aircraft sent: 46
  • Aircraft effective: 46

ULM (Opportunistic)

Description: INDUSTRIAL AREA

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: It has not been determined which Group from 3rd Bomb Division attacked this target.

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 106.08
  • Aircraft sent: 15
  • Aircraft effective: 18

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 544th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-798297
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 612th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-735233
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Navigator / Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 401st Bomb Group 615th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 31037975 / O-681515
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Bombardier
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 93rd Bomb Group 328th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-752975
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: Navigator / Bombardier / Nose Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 390th Bomb Group 570th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 38133497
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade)
  • Role/Job: Flight Engineer

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Bomb Totin Mama
  • Unit: 458th Bomb Group 754th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Blondie's Folly
  • Unit: 458th Bomb Group 755th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Rough Riders
  • Unit: 458th Bomb Group 755th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Big Dick Hard To Hit
  • Unit: 458th Bomb Group 755th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Darlin' Dolly
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 95th Bomb Group 335th Bomb Squadron 803rd Bomb Squadron

Related videos and documents

  • Media Type: Document
  • Object Number: Document 23775
  • Description: Certificate showing the 33 Missions completed by Capt. William M. Bryan Jr of the 93rd Bomb Group
  • Media Type: Document
  • Collection Name: Thomas C Stevens
  • Object Number: Document 47012
  • Description: 390th Bomb Group, 571st Bomb Squadron, CREW 70 . Personnel Log entry from my uncles journey ,
  • Media Type: Document
  • Object Number: Document 53039
  • Description: 401st Bomb Group, Mission No. 37, 16 Mar 1944, Augsburg, Germany

Revisions

Date
ContributorTennyBelle
Changes
Sources

8th AF Database

Date
ContributorWWII37
Changes
Sources

711th Bombardment Squadron (H), 447th Bombardment Group (H)
B-17-G #42-39882, “My Gal” Crew
Top Left to Right: August E. Herlth, Eugene G. D'Albero, Larry S. Hatfield, Martin J. Gruber
Bottom Left to Right: William M. Lindgren, Bailey E. Swadley, Raymond L. Hayes, William H. Stoyer, Rocco J. LoCarro, Louis L. Jenkins

Date
ContributorLee8thbuff
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham 26-Feb-2016. Added combined totals of bomber gunner claims to statistics of 3rd Air Division per "The Mighty Eighth War Dairy", Roger A. Freeman.

Date
ContributorLee8thbuff
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham 26-Feb-2016. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman and "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date
Changes
Sources

Mission detail added courtesy of Diane Reese - http://www.457thbombgroup.org/Narratives/ma13.html

Date
Changes
Sources

Mission detail added courtesy of Diane Reese - http://www.457thbombgroup.org/Narratives/ma13.html

Date
ContributorAAM
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

8th Air Force 262: Gallery (4 items)