VIII Bomber Command 65

22 June 1943

Object Number - UPL 23134 - 2nd Lt Harold G. Russell - 96BG/337BS pilot of B-17 42-5877 shot down at Arkel by German fighters on 22 June...

Description

The German rubber industry (Chemische Werke Hüls AG) at Marl (district Hüls-Nord), Germany, is the primary objective of this mission and is assigned to the Bomb Groups with the most expericence. Also the industrial area of Antwerp, Belgium is assigned as a secondary target. Three new Bomb Groups will fly their first missions today.

A large formation of 152 B-17s is depatched from 91BG (22); 92BG (29); 303BG (15); 305BG (25); 306BG (24); 351BG (21) and 379BG (16) to bomb at Marl, Germany. 118 of 152 are effective on the target from this formation In addition, a composite group of 303BG (13) and 379BG (7) also is assigned to rubber industry at Marl, Germany and flies with the main formation. 16 of 20 are effective on the target. 11 YB-40 gunships are included in the despatch from 92BG. A total of 11 aircraft are MIA, one of these is a YB-40. 91BG takes the heaviest loss of 5 B-17s. Flak is light-moderate and fighter resistance is moderate. The bomber gunners claim 32-8-23 of the enemy fighters.

A second formation of 63 B-17s is despatched from 94BG (16); 95BG (17); and 96BG (30) to bomb the German rubber industry at Marl, Germany. 49 of the 63 despatched are effective on the target. 5 B-17s from this formation are MIA. The bomber gunners claim 14-12-11 of the enemy fighters.

A composite force of 42 B-17s is despatched from: 381BG (22) and 384BG (20) to bomb the industrial area of Antwerp, Belgium. This is the first mission for 381BG and 384BG. 4 B-17s are MIA. Flak is moderate and fighter resistance is light. The bomber gunners claim 1-2-9 of the enemy aircraft.

Lastly, the 100BG despatched 21 B-17s to fly a diversion for the Huls attack, but was launched too late to confuse the enemy. This is the first mission for the 100BG. There are no losses or claims.

Mission Details

Description: DIVERSION

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: This is the first mission for the 100th Bomb Group. The diversion is despatched too late to confuse the enemy, but suffered no losses or casualties.

Official emblem of the 100th Bomb Group, approved 30 March 1944 and replaced 1957
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: None
  • Aircraft sent: 44

ANTWERP (Secondary)

Description: FORD and GM PLANTS

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: This is the first mission for the 381st Bomb Group and the 384th Bomb Group. T o ease their baptism of fire they get a fighter escort but still lose two aircraft apiece.

The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Air base
The insignia of the 384th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 95.50
  • People killed in action: 28
  • People wounded in action: 14
  • Prisoners of war: 32
  • People returned to duty: 19
  • Aircraft sent: 42
  • Aircraft effective: 39
  • Aircraft missing in action: 4
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 17

HULS (Primary)

Description: CHEMICAL PLANT - SYNTHETIC RUBBER PLANT - Chemische Werke Hüls AG, Marl.

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: First large scale raid on the Ruhr. The complement furnished by the 92nd Bomb Group included 11 YB-40s one of which was shot down by AA fire. 13 303rd Bomb Group aircraft and 7 379th Bomb Group aircraft flew as a composite group. It was estimated that less than 100 of the 1,445 bombs dropped on the plant from 25,000 ft. actually hit it. Though this was enough to destroy three months production and put the plant down for a month. No fighter escort on this mission.

Official emblem of the 303rd Bomb Group approved 7 November 1942.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 422.00
  • People killed in action: 32
  • People wounded in action: 16
  • People evaded: 1
  • Prisoners of war: 113
  • People returned to duty: 9
  • Aircraft sent: 235
  • Aircraft effective: 183
  • Aircraft missing in action: 16
  • Aircraft damaged: 75

Connections

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People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars 322nd Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 533rd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 31077204
  • Highest Rank: Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Ball Turret Gunner, Waist Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars 322nd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 36324682
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Aerial Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 533rd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 37249675
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Radio Operator
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 379th Bomb Group 525th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 19063468
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Top Turret Gunner

Aircraft

Revisions

Date22 Oct 2017 14:09:55
ContributorCeesSteijger
Sources

Name of factory and the right location

Date22 Oct 2017 14:06:28
ContributorCeesSteijger
Sources

Name of the factory and the right location.

Date15 Jan 2016 19:19:26
ContributorMags
Sources

303rd BG Web Page

Date6 Jan 2015 19:40:38
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 6-Jan-2015. Description based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary" Roger A. Freeman.

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:17
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

VIII Bomber Command 65: Gallery (3 items)