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Henry L Ayres Jr


Joined RAFVR, assigned to 133S, transferred to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF
Shot down by fighters on 28 Jul 43 in P-47 41-6238 near Gouda, Holland. Ayres was injured and taken to hospital. Prisoner of War (POW).

Awards: AM (OLC), PH, WWII Victory, EAME.


Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force

    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 336th Fighter Squadron

    336th Fighter Squadron

    The 336th Fighter Squadron was constituted by the War Department on 22 august 1942, and was activated at Bushey Hall, England, on 12 September. It had been designated as No. 133 (Eagle) Squadron, and was made up of American volunteers to the Royal Air...

  • No 133 'Eagle' Squadron

    No 133 'Eagle' Squadron

    'On 1 August 1941, No. 133 reformed at Coltishall as the third 'Eagle' Squadron manned by American personnel. Equipped with Hurricanes it became operational at the end of September. The next month the Squadron moved to Northern Ireland, returning to...


  • 41-6238

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Crash landing due to Engine Failure at Debden/Sta 356 Cat 3 damage Pilot Lt Aubrey C Stanhope, 4-3-43. Shot down by fighters and crashed on 28 Jul 43 near Gouda, Holland. Pilot Lt Henry L Ayres POW.


  • VIII Fighter Command FO-83 BOMBER ESCORT

    28 July 1943
    A combined force of 123 P-47s from: 4FG; 56FG; and 78FG are despathed to escort the VIII Bomber Command mission #78 against Kassel and Oschersleben, Germany. The escort encounters approximately 45 German fighters attacking the bomber stream. These P...

Associated Place

  • Biggin Hill

    Military site : airfield
    An RAF Station with US lodger units. USAAF Spitfires and P-38s were attached to RAF No 11 Group stations in mid-1942 for training; also used for special operations by British and US forces.

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...

  • Eagle Squadrons Memorial

    Other location


Event Location Date
Born Indianapolis, IN, USA 19 January 1920

19 January 1920

Joined RAFVR Canada 1940

Joined Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Assigned Biggin Hill, London SE19 3HY, UK 1941 – 9 October 1942

Assigned to 133 Sqn RAF.

Transferred Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 9 October 1942 – 28 July 1943

Transferred to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK April 1943

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Shot down Gouda, Netherlands 28 July 1943

Shot down by fighters on 28 Jul 43 in P-47 41-6238 near Gouda, Holland.

Prisoner of War (POW). Stalag Luft III Żagań, Poland 28 July 1943 – May 1945
Died San Diego, CA, USA 24 December 1971

Died - 24 December 1971 San Diego, CA


Date Contributor Update
06 March 2019 12:50:24 general ira snapsorter Changes to service number, biography and events

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list

Date Contributor Update
10 November 2015 17:41:12 Al_Skiff Changes to nickname

Date Contributor Update
06 November 2015 16:05:19 Al_Skiff Changes to role, biography, awards, events, unit associations, place associations and mission associations

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:12:43 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR, Losses of the 8th & 9th AF Vol. I by Bishop & Hey p. 203