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Robert Samuel Johnson


Robert S Johnson enlisted in 1941 and shortly selected for flying training as a bomber pilot, he was commissioned in July 1942. In January 1943, he was assigned to the 56th Fighter Group and travelled with them to England, he was unqualified to fly the P-47 Thunderbolt but flew his first combat mission in April 1943. Nevertheless, Johnson claimed 27 aerial victories, becoming the first pilot to surpass First World War Ace Eddie Rickenbacker's record of 26 claims in May 1944. He flew 91 missions with the 56th Fighter Group. He completed his tour of Duty in 1944 and joined Republic Aviation as an engineering executive.

Plane 'All Hell. '

DSC/ DFC w/ 8 Oak Leaf Cluster/ SS/ PH/ AM w/ 4 Oak Leaf Cluster

Air to Ground 28; Air 28



  • Walter Frederick

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 507th Fighter Group
    1st Lt Walter R. Frederick 8th AF 56th FG 63rd. ...

Units served with

  • 56th Fighter Group

    56th Fighter Group

    Flying P-47 Thunderbolts throughout their time stationed in England, the Group, known as "the Wolfpack", had more ace pilots than any other Eighth Air Force Fighter Group. The 56th Fighter Group also destroyed more enemy aircraft in air combat than any...

  • 61st Fighter Squadron
  • 62nd Fighter Squadron


Associated Place

  • Boxted

    Military site : airfield
    Boxted was built for heavy bombers and became operational from May 1943. In the few months B-26 Marauders of the 386th Bomb Group were stationed there, there were two night attacks by the Luftwaffe. On 17 August 1943, one man was killed when bombs...

  • Halesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Halesworth was constructed in 1942-1943. Initially planned as a bomber airfield, its location close to the Suffolk coast meant that it was in an ideal position to operate escort fighters, where range was a critical factor. Consequently, the 56th...

  • Horsham St Faith

    Military site : airfield
    Horsham St Faith was an RAF Bomber Command Station opened in June 1940. It was home to Bristol Blenheim medium-bombers, and was for a time occupied by fighters, including those of No. 19 Squadron and No. 264 Squadron. From September 1942 the airfield...

  • Kings Cliffe

    Military site : airfield
    Kings Cliffe began as a satellite air base for the Group based at nearby Wittering. The 56th Fighter Group, however, were all based at Kings Cliffe and it was here that the pilots trained in P-47 Thunderbolts and flew their first missions in the...


Event Location Date
Born Lawton, Oklahoma 21 February 1920
Died Tulsa, OK, USA 27 December 1998


Date Contributor Update
24 February 2015 15:49:30 Emily Changes to media associations

Associated Media from Freeman collection & Selected Key image

Date Contributor Update
02 October 2014 10:31:46 Emily Changes to middlename, nickname, service number, biography, awards, events, unit associations, place associations and aircraft associations

Freeman, The Mighty Eighth, p. 273

Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:24:07 AAM AAM ingest

American Aces in Great Fighter Battles of World War II / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia