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391

4 June 1944

Official description

Third mission of the day consists of attacks by 400 Heavy Bombers on 10 targets including Airfields, railway junctions and bridges. No Bombers are lost.

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1. AVORD (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 153.1 T

2. BRETIGNY (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 150 T

3. BROURGES (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group,491 Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group. 3rd Bomb Division was made up of 34th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 490th Bomb Group

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 28 T

4. MASSEY/PALAISEAU (Primary)

Description

RAILROAD BRIDGE

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 351st Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

3rd Bomb Division was made up of 94th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447th Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 490th Bomb Group.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 59 - PARIS, FRANCE

(MASSEY / PALAISEAU MARSHALLING YARDS)

4 JUNE, 1944

The 457th put an entire Combat Wing into the air, attacking with three 12-ship boxes. The targets were two railroad choke points south of Paris. The targets were purely tactical, part of the plan to disrupt and destroy the German transportation system prior to the invasion. Take off did not occur until late afternoon. Col. Luper led the Wing as Air Commander, with Captain Jerry Godfrey as pilot. Captain Raymond A. Syptak and Major Jacob M. Dickinson lead the other two boxes with Lt. Malcolm E. Johnson and Lt. Edward B. Dozier as pilots.

The route to the target took the Group south over the English Channel, crossing the French Coast just north of the British-Canadian beach landing two days hence.

All three boxes bombed with excellent results. There was no enemy aircraft opposition and only meager flak, that being in the area of Caen.

On the return trip low clouds over the English Channel forced the formation to descend low for the remainder of the mission. The Thames Estuary was crossed andhundreds of invasion craft were observed by the crews. At Glatton, the weather was extremely poor and the aircraft were diverted to other bases. This prevented the Group from flying a mission on June.

For his leadership and extraordinary achievements while serving as Air Commander of a combat bombardment wing, Col. Luper was later awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. The citati

"For extraordinary achievements while serving as Air Commander of a combat bombardment wing on 4 June 1944, despite the presence of extremely thick overcast, Colonel Luper assembled his Wing. Although a new type of formation was being used for the first time in this theatre, he skillfully assembled his units in their proper positions in the formation. Throughout the entire flight to the target, Colonel Luper maintained the integrity of the formation, thus minimizing vulnerability to attacks from the enemy. A perfect bomb run was made by each of the units in his formation and superior bombing results were achieved. The outstanding success achieved on this mission is directly attributable to the high degree of leadership exhibited by Colonel Luper on this occasion."

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 282 T

5. MELUN (Primary)

Description

RAILROAD BRIDGES

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 2.5 T

6. ROMORANTIN/PRUNIERES (Primary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 216 T

7. VERSAILLES/METELOTS (Primary)

Description

RAILROAD BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 150 T

8. VILLENEUVE/ST GEORGE (Primary)

Description

RAILROAD BRIDGE

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 98 T

Service

People

  • George Boozer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 388th Bomb Group
    The person with this name and birth/death dates buring at Fort Bliss National Cemetery is listed as "Master Sergeant - US Army" on his headstone. Boozer is wearing Captain's bars in his photo. This birth and death date may well be for the wrong ...

  • James Braa

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball turret gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    James Braa served as a ball turret gunner with the 566th Bomb Squadron of the 389th Bomb Group, flying bombing missions out of Hethel, England. He completed his tour of 30 missions between March and June 1944, flying his final two missions on D-Day.

  • Bernard Brooks

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Waist Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    He flew with Pilot Lt. Ray Cambell on 'Ray's Hell' The plane crashed in England but the crew escaped. DFC, purple heart, etc

  • Ray Campbell

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group

  • Nicholas Duncan

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 388th Bomb Group

  • Theodore Fluke

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Radio Operator | 390th Bomb Group
    Crew Number 71

  • Milton Goodridge

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 492nd Bomb Group (Heavy)
    Shot down by fighters and crashed at Stettin on 6/20/44 in B-24 Bottle Baby 44-40169. Prisoner of War (POW)

  • Edward Grindle

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Waist Gunner | 388th Bomb Group

  • Raymond Harman

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 384th Bomb Group
    Prisoner of War (POW). Shot down by flak and crashed near Corne on 7/19/44 in B-17 44-6129

  • Melvin Hedrick

    Military | Staff Sergeant | flexible gunner/ Togglier | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 546BS, 384BG, 8AF USAAF. Gates Carey crew. 32 x combat missions. ETD Awards: AM, WWII Victory, EAME.

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Aircraft

  • 42-102589

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 17/3/44; Gr Island 6/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 30/4/44; On a local flight 9/7/44 with Doug McArthur, Co-pilot: Stamos Zades, Navigator: George Mille, Bombardier: Chas Meyer, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-3312 SEQUATCHIEE

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/5/43; Dow Fd 13/7/43; Assigned 570BS/390BG [DI-K] Framlingham 14/7/43. ...

  • 42-38013 "NEVADA AVENGER"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; New Castle 10/12/43; Presque Is 15/12/43; Assigned 547BS/384BG [SO-C] Grafton Underwood 21/1/44; sal battle damaged 27/4/44. NEVADA AVENGER. ...

  • 42-97093 I'll Get By

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/1/44; Kearney 14/2/44; Presque Is 20/2/44; Assigned 568BS/390BG [BI-S] Framlingham 3/3/44 DOC'S FLYING CIRCUS, then GIRL OF MY DREAMS; on mission 21/7/44 with ? , Lt Sam Dubin (Killed in Action); severe icing during assembly for...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
25 January 2019 14:43:46 general ira snapsorter Changes to official description
Sources

USAAF Combat Chronology.

Date Contributor Update
27 May 2015 10:53:46 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:06 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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