Skip to main content
Edit entry 

825

10 February 1945

Official description

Not yet known

Description

'Disney' bombs are dropped on E-boat pens in Ijmuiden, Holland. The 4,500 lb rocket propelled bombs were designed to penetrated up to 20ft of concrete before exploding.

Mission details

1. DULMEN

Description

OIL STORAGE DEPOT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

457th BG MISSION NO. 185 : DULMEN, GERMANY : 10 FEBRUARY, 1945

The synthetic oil refineries at Wesel were the primary targets, with the German Air Force fuel depot at Dulmen secondary. The Group comprised the 94th B Combat Wing with Major Havey as Air Commander.

Assembly was at 21,000 feet. Upon nearing the first Control Point, it was learned that the Wing formation was behind the 45 7th, and it became necessary to execute a 360 degree turn in order to assemble in proper position with the Combat Wing. The first Control Point was reached on course and in proper position in Division column. Division assembly line was flown in trail of the Division Leader. Halfway over the Channel, it was necessary to climb to briefed altitude pIus 1,500 feet in order to avoid clouds.

After the force's arrival on the Continent, the target area was completely cloud covered and the Group Leader advised circling to permit the target area to clear. The formation followed the Division lead and executed 360 degree turns in the area between Rotterdam and Antwerp. The Division was advised to approach the primary target for a visual run in case the weather cleared, and if conditions were not favorable for visual bombing, to pass on to the secondary target and bomb by instruments.

A run was made on the primary target, but it was covered and the formation proceeded to the secondary target. Bombing was done in squadron formation. It was necessary for the formation to climb on the bomb run because the tops of the clouds were at 26,000 feet. Contrails were moderate and fairly persistent.

The lead aircraft's Micro-H equipment failed before the BRL and bombs were released on the smoke markers of the 351St Group. The low and high squadrons performed their own sightings, dropping their bombs from 27,000 feet; the low squadron veered to the left just before bombs away, in order to avoid the high squadron's bombs. Cloud coverage was eight tenths. Bombing results were unobserved due to the cloud coverage.

Flak was light and none of the planes sustained damage.

Units

  • 1st Air Division

    1st Air Division

    Division
    In December 1944, the 1st Bomb Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 94th Combat Bomb Wing
  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 413.5
Number of aircraft Sent 164
Number of aircraft Effective 140
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 0
Number of aircraft Damaged 5

2. IJMUIDEN

Description

SUBMARINE PENS

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

This is the first DISNEY mission (Royal Navy rocket-boosted concrete piercing bombs). This mission is flown by the 92nd BG.

Nine B-17s dropped 18 Disney bombs in total. One recorded hit.

Units

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    Group
    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 40.5
Number of aircraft Effective 9

3. LINGEN

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 3

4. STEINHUDER LAKE

Description

FIGHTER STRAFING

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Fighters abort due to weather but 2 are lost.

Mission Statistics

Service

People

  • Nephi Berkenpas

    Military | Colonel | Aircraft Mechanic, Instructor Pilot for B-24, B-17, B-25, Pilot, Aircraft Commander, Instructor Aircraft Maintenance | 351st Bomb Group

  • Keith Bryant

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator/Gunner | 351st Bomb Group

  • John Kieffer

    Military | Staff Sergeant | B-17 Tail Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

  • Ambrose Reese

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 457th Bomb Group
    Ambrose Willard Reese was born August 4, 1923, in Kingston, Pa., to the late Ambrose and Marjorie (Walters) Reese and moved to Palm Coast from Scotch Plains, N.J., in 1986. He was an Army Air Corps veteran serving as a B-17 pilot in World War II,...

  • Dennis Schaffner

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | B-17G Tail Gunner | 457th Bomb Group

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 April 2015 11:22:23 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
29 September 2014 19:05:46 Tom Changes to description
Sources

USAFF Handbook 1939-1945 p186. Martin Brown (1997)

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:09 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

Share