78th Fighter Group

Group
From left to right: Captain Walker L. Boone, Flight Officer Manuel S. Martinez and Flight Officer Gerry E. Brasher, pilots of the 82nd Fighter Squadron, 78th Fighter Group, sit on the bonnet of a jeep at Duxford air base. Passed for publication 28 October 1943. Printed caption on reverse: 'Thunderbolts - the "Guardian Angels" of Flying Fortresses. Here are pictures of Thunderbolts P-47s, the famous American fighter planes, which escort Flying Fortresses on their daylight missions over Occupied Europe. Pho

Object Number - FRE 282 - From left to right: Captain Walker L. Boone, Flight Officer Manuel S. Martinez and Flight Officer Gerry E. Brasher, pilots of the 82nd Fighter...

The 78th Fighter Group was initially based at Goxhill but moved to Duxford in April 1943 and stayed there until October 1945. The 78th FG flew each of the three US built principal fighters of the AAF in the ETO. In their Thundetbolts, the 78th FG provided maximum effort air cover to the D-Day Normandy invasion fleet as it crossed the Channel. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for their missions in support of airborne forces in Holland, between 16-23 September 1944. The second award was for successfully ground strafing aircraft on five airfields near Prague and Pilsen, Czechoslovakia, on 16 April 1945.

Commanding Officers

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group)
  • Service Numbers: O-21485
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group) Headquarters (66th Fighter Wing)
  • Service Numbers: O-22327
  • Highest Rank: Brigadier General
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 66th Fighter Wing 83rd Fighter Squadron Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group)
  • Service Numbers: O-403658
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer / Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 357th Fighter Group 361st Fighter Group 55th Fighter Group 38th Fighter Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-431968
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group)
  • Highest Rank: Major General
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 83rd Fighter Squadron Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group)
  • Service Numbers: O-402313
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Pilot
Lieutenant Colonel Roy Caviness, of the 376th Fighter Squadron, 361st Fighter Group in the cockpit of his P-51D Mustang. Handwritten caption on reverse: '13/3/44. Roy Caviness.' On reverse: Associated Press, US Army Press Censor ETO and US Army General Section Press & Censorship Bureau [Stamps]. Caption attached to reverse: Photo ref.no. 311282. "Pilots of P-47s in the ETO. Associated Press photo shows: Maj. Roy B. Caviness, Oil City, La, has shared in bringing down a FW.190 and has damaged three locos."
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 361st Fighter Group 376th Fighter Squadron Headquarters & Headquarters Squadron (78th Fighter Group) Headquarters (361st Fighter Group)
  • Service Numbers: 14014820 / O-413041
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Pilot - Group Commanding Officer

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

Unit stations

Station Location Date

Based

Duxford 1943-04-03 - 1945-10-10

Based

Goxhill 1942-12-01 - 1943-04-03

Previously was

Encompassing

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 84th Fighter Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 11044921 / O-728955
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Fighter Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 55th Fighter Group 78th Fighter Group 343rd Fighter Squadron 84th Fighter Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 39039363 / O-829621
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Fighter pilot
Second Lieutenant John J. Hockery and assisstant crew chief, Corporal Carl F of the 78th Fighter Group with a P-47 Thunderbolt. Passed for publication 28 Oct 1943. Printed caption on reverse: 'Thunderbolts - The Fly. Thunderbolts - The "Guardian Angels" Of Flying Fortresses. Here are pictures of Thunderbolts - P-47s, the famous American fighter planes, which escort Flying Fortresses on their daylight missions over Occupied Europe. Photo Shows:- Another night shot. Cpl. Carl F. [word overwritten], Dayton,
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 82nd Fighter Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 17024396
  • Highest Rank: Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Crew chief
First Lieutenant Don Bodenhammer and First Lieutenant James Stokes of the 78th Fighter Group, with a P-47 Thunderbolt at Duxford , 29 September 1943. Passed for publication 29 Sep 1943. Printed caption on reverse: 'Thunderbolt Pilots In Britain. Associated Press Photo Shows:- Two Thunderbolt pilots, First Lieut. Don Bodennamer (left) of Mathis, Texas and First Lieut. James Stokes, of 134-56-232 Street, Laurelton, Long Island, N.Y., at an 8th Air Force Fighter Command Station "somewhere in England". GLE 26
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 83rd Fighter Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 18103266 / O-666853
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Fighter pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 82nd Fighter Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Crew chief

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: P-47 Thunderbolt
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group
  • Aircraft Type: P-47 Thunderbolt
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 82nd Fighter Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: P-47 Thunderbolt
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 82nd Fighter Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: P-47 Thunderbolt
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 82nd Fighter Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: P-47 Thunderbolt
  • Unit: 78th Fighter Group 83rd Fighter Squadron

Revisions

Date22 Aug 2019 13:42:28
ContributorEmily
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of WWII

Date20 Apr 2019 02:52:06
ContributorArthurB.Richie
Sources

Courtesy of Keith Ritchie from the collection of Dora Richie Stovall

Date28 Sep 2014 15:39:09
ContributorCarl
Sources

Duxford Diary, 1945 ( also available online here: http://www.ulongbeach.com/Duxford_Diary.html )

Date28 Sep 2014 11:58:20
ContributorCarl
Sources

Duxford Diary, 1945
Garry L Fry; Eagles of Duxford: 78th Fighter Group in World War II; (St Paul, 1991)

Date27 Sep 2014 18:42:46
ContributorAAM
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

78th Fighter Group: Gallery (493 items)