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43-22524

A-26 Invader

Assigned to 856BS, 492BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) OSS mission (CHISEL insertion mission) to Munster, Germany. A-26 crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination Munster, Germany. 5 x KIA 19-Mar-45. MACR 13281.

Crew: Pilot 1Lt Oliver N Emmel, Nav Major John W Walch, Bomb Maj Edward C Tresemer, Gunner S/Sgt Fredrick J Brunner, USMC, OSS agent handler. OSS Agent Kurt Gruber.

S/Sgt Fredrick J Brunner, USMC, was aboard in the turret gunner position as OSS agent handler for Kurt Gruber, a German national who was NOT listed among the casualties.

Service

Units

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 492nd Bomb Group (Heavy)

    492nd Bomb Group (Heavy)

    Group
    The 492nd Bomb Group were assigned to the 8th Air Force in April 1944. They flew 60 missions over occupied Europe from 11 May 1944 until 7 August 1944. ...

  • 856th Bomb Squadron

People

  • Fred Brunner

    Military | Staff Sergeant | OSS/USMC | 388th Bomb Group
    Killed in Action (KIA) 19 March 1945. OSS Killed in Action (KIA) OSS mission(during CHISEL insertion mission) to Munster, Germany. A26 crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination. to Munster, Germany.

  • Oliver Emmel

    Military | Lieutenant | pilot | 25th Bomb Group
    KIA OSS mission(during CHISEL insertion mission) 19 March 1945 to Munster, Germany. A-26 crashed in moor near Bramsche, Germany, just north of destination.

  • Edward Tresemer

    Military | Major | Navigator | 492nd Bomb Group (Heavy)
    Killed in Action (KIA) 19 March 1945. OSS mission on 25th BG A26 plane to Munster, Germany to deliver a spy (called a CHISEL insertion mission). Crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination. . Had served on B-18s earlier helping...

  • John Walch

    Military | Major | Navigator | 25th Bomb Group
    KIA 19 March 1945. OSS KIA OSS mission(during CHISEL insertion mission) to Munster, Germany. A26 crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination. to Munster, Germany. DFC, BSM

Places

  • Harrington

    Military site : airfield
    Harrington was built by the 826th and 852nd Engineer Battalions of the US Army in 1943. Completed in 1944, it was the furthest Eighth Air Force combat airfield from the east coast.The Eighth's Special Operations Group was based at the airfield, first...

Events

Event Location Date
Manufactured Tulsa, OK, USA 1944

Built at Douglas.

Delivered 3001 S Douglas Blvd, Oklahoma City, OK 73130, USA 1944

Delivered to USAAF.

Assigned Harrington, Northampton NN6 9NU, UK 1944

Assigned to 856BS, 492BG, 8AF USAAF.

Further details of crash Harrington Airfield, UK 19 March 1945

Major Tresemer, Major Walch, Staff Sergeant Brunner and German OSS recruit Kurt Gruber are all interred in the hallowed grounds of the Ardennes American Cemetery. Major Edward C. Tresemer was Group Navigator of the 492nd Bomb Group whilst 1st Lt. Oliver H. Emmel and Major John W. Walch were on detachment from the 25th Bomb Group.

This particular mission was intended to drop OSS agent Kurt Gruber into the Dummer Lake area of Germany’s Ruhr region. More information about Kurt Gruber can be found at: https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-pub...

The reason for the presence of Staff Sgt Brunner is a bit of a mystery. Frederick Brunner was detached from the USMC and worked for the OSS. He had been involved in resistance training and support operations in the Vercors maquis in France, a month before the 15 August 1944 landing (see https://archive.org/stream/HerringboneCloakGIDaggerMarinesOfTheOSS#page/... , chapter IX “Who knew not fear”). He spoke German, but there appears to be no mention that he participated in the Tools mission with which Kurt Gruber was associated.

Crashed 49565 Bramsche, Germany 19 March 1945

Failed to Return (FTR) OSS mission (CHISEL insertion mission) to Munster, Germany. A-26 crashed in moor near Bramshe, Germany, just north of destination Munster, Germany. 4 x KIA 19-Mar-45. MACR 13281.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
26 September 2020 20:00:27 oconnornj Changes to media associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/646172401

Date Contributor Update
26 September 2020 19:19:19 oconnornj Changes to events
Sources

http://www.americanairmuseum.com/aircraft/11280

Date Contributor Update
26 September 2020 18:14:29 oconnornj Changes to media associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/1/29426643

Date Contributor Update
16 May 2019 16:31:43 Jwilliew Changes to markings
Sources

Persico, Joseph, Piercing the Reich: The Penetration of Nazi Germany by American Secret Agents During WWII (New York: Viking Press, 1979)

Chisel Mission Dispatch Report, submitted by Army Lt. Joseph Gould and Army Lt. Carl Devoe, March 20, 1945, RG 226, OSS Records, NARA.

Date Contributor Update
20 January 2019 05:03:56 Jwilliew Changes to markings
Sources

Unable to verify through secondary source.

Date Contributor Update
20 November 2018 17:03:10 Jwilliew Changes to description
Sources

Spelling correction to last name for Major John Walch (s replaced with c)

Date Contributor Update
18 November 2018 23:15:57 Jwilliew Changes to markings
Sources

Article with identifying photos titled "Geheimunternamen 'Chisel' ." Published FliegerReview X, Number 55, October 2015, PPVMEDIEN, Munich.

Date Contributor Update
14 November 2018 21:44:10 oconnornj Changes to media associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/29426627; http://napoleon130.tripod.com/id312.html

Date Contributor Update
14 November 2018 21:41:35 oconnornj Changes to description and person associations
Sources

http://napoleon130.tripod.com/id312.html; https://www.fold3.com/image/29426627

Date Contributor Update
14 August 2017 16:56:46 Al_Skiff Changes to production block number, description, events, unit associations, person associations and place associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/29426627
https://www.fieldsofhonor-database.com/index.php/fr/american-war-cemeter...
https://www.fieldsofhonor-database.com/index.php/fr/american-war-cemeter...
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=43-22524&Submit6=Go

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:41:19 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

MACR 13261 / MACR 13281 / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database

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