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82nd Fighter Group

Group

The 82nd Fighter Group flew training missions from bases in Northern Ireland between October and December 1942. They then joined the Twelfth Air Force in North Africa, supporting the ground invasion of Tunisia, Sicily and Italy. Between October 1943 and April 1945, the Group flew bomber escorts with the Fifteenth Air Force over Italy.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 82d Pursuit Group (Interceptor) on 13 Jan 1942. Activated on 9 Feb 1942. Redesignated 82d Fighter Group in May 1942. Trained with P-38's. Moved to Northern Ireland during Sep- Oct 1942 for further training. Moved to North Africa in Dec 1942 and served with Twelfth AF until Nov 1943. Took part in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, the reduction of Pantelleria, the conquest of Sicily. and the invasion of Italy. Operated against the enemy’s air transports; flew dive-bombing and strafing missions; escorted medium bombers in their attacks on enemy shipping and their raids on Naples and Rome; and gave direct sup port to the ground forces during the invasion of Italy. Received a DUC for a low-level strafing raid against enemy aircraft concentrations at Foggia on 25 Aug 1943. Received second DUC for performance on 2 Sep 1943 when the group protected a formation of bombers that encountered strong opposition from enemy interceptors during an attack on marshalling yards near Naples. Moved to Italy in Oct 1943. Assigned to Fifteenth AF in Nov. Continued to function occasionally as a fighter-bomber organization, supporting Allied armies, flying interdictory missions, and attacking strategic targets. Received third DUC for performance on 10 Jun 1944 when the 82d Group braved head-on attacks by hostile fighters to dive-bomb an oil refinery at Ploesti and then strafed targets of opportunity while returning to base. Engaged primarily in escort work, however, from Oct 1943 to May 1945, covering the operations of heavy bombers that attacked aircraft industries, oil refineries, and other targets in France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Rumania, and Bulgaria. Inactivated in Italy on 9 Sep 1945.

Structure

Part of
  • 5th Bomb Wing

    5th Bomb Wing

    Wing
    The 5th Air Division (5th AD) originated on 19 October 1940 at McChord Field, Washington. Its initial mission was air defense of the northwest United States with three bombardment groups (12th, 17th and 39th) flying early B-17 Flying Fortresses (B-17C...

  • 47th Bomb Wing
  • 305th Bombardment Wing
  • 306th Fighter Wing
Encompassing
  • 95th Fighter Squadron

    95th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The squadron was activated in early 1942 at Harding Field, Louisiana as the 95th Pursuit Squadron,[3] one of the original three squadrons of the 82d Pursuit Group.[5] It soon moved to California where it equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and began...

  • 96th Fighter Squadron

    96th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The squadron was first activated in early 1942 at Harding Field, Louisiana as the 96th Pursuit Squadron,[1] one of the original three squadrons of the 82d Pursuit Group.[2] It soon moved to California where it equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and...

  • 97th Fighter Squadron

    97th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The squadron was first activated in early 1942 at Harding Field, Louisiana as the 97th Pursuit Squadron,[2] one of the original three squadrons of the 82d Pursuit Group.[3] It soon moved to California where it equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and...

Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Maydown 6 October 1942 – 16 December 1942
Based Eglinton 15 October 1942 – 3 January 1942
Assigned 12th Air Force December 1942
Based Telerghma January 1943 – 28 March 1943
Based Bertreaux 28 March 1943 – 13 June 1943
Based Grombalia 3 August 1943 – 3 October 1943
Based San Pancrazio 3 October 1943 – 10 October 1943
Based Lecce 10 October 1943 – 11 January 1944
Assigned 15th Air Force November 1943
Based Vincenzo 11 January 1944 – 30 August 1945

Connections

People

  • William Ackalusky

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    William Ackalusky's P-38F Lightning failed to return to base after all 15th Air Force missions from Italy were recalled due to bad weather. Ackalusky was believed to be on route from Lecce to Athens!

  • John Baker

    Military | 82nd Fighter Group

  • Louis Curdes

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot 1055-single engine | 82nd Fighter Group
    Flight leader 95th FS 82nd FG MTO 6 air kills Shot down by ME-109 on Aug 27, 1943 and captured but later escaped. MACR #549 Flight leader 4th FS 3rd Air Commando Group SWP 2 kills Flew C-54s during the Berlin Airlift. Retired has Lt Col in 1963

  • Robert Cutting

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    Robert D. Cutting was my father I am Robert D. Cutting, II. His first combat mission was on September 2, 1943, in his flight log he stated this was "the roughest". 6 members of the 96th FS were lost on that day and is considered one of the greatest...

  • Clarence Johnson

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot-1055 single engine | 352nd Fighter Group
    3rd combat tour flight leader 487th FS 352 FG KIA Sept. 23, 1944. ...

  • Thomas Kaelin

    Military | Corporal | 82nd Fighter Group

  • Eugene Phillips

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    2nd Lt Eugene (Gene) Francis Phillips served with the 12th Air Force, 82nd Fighter Group, 95th Fighter Squadron. He flew P-38's in the North African Theater: Italy. By 10 July 1943 he had flown 23 missions, 46 sorties and shot down 1 plane. On 25...

  • Gerald Rounds

    Military | Major | Fighter pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    Gerald Rounds served as a fighter pilot with the 97th Fighter Squadron of the 82nd Fighter Group, flying P-38s in the Mediterranean Theater.

  • William Sloan

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    Sloan went with the 82nd Fighter Group to Northern Ireland in October and on to French Algeria in January. He was assigned his P-38, which he named "Snooks". On early January 1943, while flying the P-38, Sloan scored the groups first aerial victory...

  • Earl Sugars

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Crew chief | 78th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 82FS, 78FG, 8AF USAAF. ETD Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

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Aircraft

  • 44-72352 MX-Y

    P-51 Mustang

  • 43-28352 'Lady Lou'

    P-38 Lightning
    Built by Lockheed as a P-38J, field modified at Langford Lodge into a 'Droop Snoot*' configuration. Assigned to 82nd Fighter Group, 12th AF, either to 95th, 96th or 97th Fighter Squadron. ...

  • 44-23614 'Hellza Dropin'

    P-38 Lightning
    P-38J Lightning field modified to 'Droop Snoot*' configuration. Assigned 97th FS, 82nd FG, 12AF, transferred to 393rd FS, 367th FG, 9AF, transferred to 392nd FS, 367th FG, 9AF. ...

  • N3098

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire N3098 Mk Ia Const #369, Built at Eastleigh. ...

  • W3138

    Spitfire
    Supermarine Spitfire W3138 Mk Va Const #1628, Built at Eastleigh. ...

  • 43-28662 'Jeanie'

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 79FS, 20FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 95FS, 82FG, 12AF USAAF. Lost over Yugoslavia, shot down by Russian Yak fighter. 2Lt Eldon E Coulson Killed in Action (KIA), 7-Nov-44. MACR 9696.

  • 41-7643

    P-38 Lightning
    Failed to return when all missions were recalled due to bad weather. Aircraft and pilot reported as missing in action.

  • 42-12830 Snooks IV 1/2

    P-38 Lightning

  • 43-2112 Sad Sack

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-67959

    P-38 Lightning

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
23 August 2019 11:18:13 Emily Changes to motto, insignia and us air force combat units of world war ii description
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of WWII

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 02:55:37 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/USAAF/82nd_Fighter_Group.html

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 02:54:25 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://www.historyofwar.org/air/units/USAAF/82nd_Fighter_Group.html

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 02:31:24 466thHistorian Changes to motto, unit encompassing associations and stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/82d_Operations_Group

Date Contributor Update
19 March 2015 11:10:10 rossingtonj Changes to aircraft types
Sources

Aircraft type added

Date Contributor Update
19 March 2015 11:09:31 rossingtonj Changes to type and air forces
Sources

Airforces added

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983).

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