Skip to main content
Edit entry 

415th Bomb Squadron

Squadron

The 415th Bomb Squadron was established as a B-24 Liberator Reconnaissance Squadron in early 1942. Initially, it was engaged in antisubmarine patrols over the Gulf of Mexico. Later, it was redesignated as a Heavy Bombardment Squadron, and was trained by the 3rd Air Force. The 415th deployed to Egypt in June, 1942, over the South Atlantic Transport Route, transiting from Morrison Field, Florida, though the Caribbean, to Brazil. Then, it performed the trans Atlantic crossing from Brazil to Liberia, Africa, then, east across central Africa to the Sudan. Lastly, the 98th Bomb Group reformed with their ground echelon, which traveled by ship around the Cape of Good Hope, joining with the air echelon in British Palestine in 1942. [2]

The 415th was assigned to the newly formed 9th Bomber Command. They operated out of airfields at Cairo, Egypt, Tunis, Tunisia, Tobruk, and Benghazi, Libya, supporting the British Eighth Army in it's western desert campaign to drive the German army out of North Africa, in preparation for the invasion of Sicily and Italy. It also staged long range strategic bombardment missions on enemy military and industrial targets in Sicily, Italy, and the Southern Balkan States, including bombing the German controlled oil fields at Ploești, Romania, in mid 1943. [2]

After the large mission to Ploesti, the 415th Bomb Squadron was assigned to the Fifteenth Air Force in southern Italy, and continued strategic bombing raids on occupied France, Southern Germany, Austria, and targets in the Balkans. In the summer of 1944, the squadron participated in the invasion of southern France, assisted in the Soviet advance into the Balkans, and supported the partisans and guerrillas in Yugoslavia and neighboring countries. [3]

The squadron returned to the United States in May, 1945, having been redesignated as a B-29 Superfortress heavy bombardment squadron and began training for deployment to the central Pacific area to conduct strategic bombing missions over the Japanese home islands. Training continued until the unit was deactivated at the end of July, 1945. It's equipment and personnel were merged into the other three squadrons of its host 98th Bomb Group. [4]

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Not yet known
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Connections

People

  • John Bentley

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 98th Bomb Group
    Received DFC on 15 July 1944 per General Order 1847

  • Robert Craine

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 98th Bomb Group
    Received DFC on 15 July 1944 per General Order 1847

  • Donald Di Coscoe

    Military | Second Lieutenant | B-24 Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Lt. Donold Di Coscoe was a B-24D bombardier on the B-24D Liberator, 41-11817, Stinger, assigned (TDY) to the 415th Bomb Squadron, the 98th Bomb Group, in the 9th Air Force. He participated in Operation Tidal Wave, the bombing mission to destroy the...

  • Russell Godde

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid 1-Aug-43; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 176 Awards: DFC, AM, PH.

  • John Gormey

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 389th Bomb Group
    Staff Sergeant James H. Gomey was a gunner on the B-24D Liberator, 41-11817, Stinger, which participated in the Ploesti oil refinery raid returning safely to Benghazi, Libya. Sgt. Gormey was slightly wounded over Ploesti, hit by flak. WIA. 1st Aug 43...

  • Maynard Hubbard

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Shot down during Ploesti raid on 1-Aug-43 in 'Boiler Maker II' 41-23782 as part of Operation Tidal Wave Prisoner of War (POW) ...

  • Turner Johnston

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti,...

  • Harry Konecny

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 9BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti,...

  • Howard LaLonde

    Military | Major | B-24D Navigator | 389th Bomb Group
    Major Howard J. LaLonde was a B-24 navigator, originally assigned and deployed to the 389th Bomb Group, and the 8th Air Force in Hethel, Britain in Lt. Robert Wright's crew in, Old Blister Butt. He was, then, detached and deployed (TDY) to the 415th...

  • James Marrah

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 Liberator 42-40520 'Yen Tu' 1-Aug-43; hit by flak and with wounded crew pressed on to bomb target, pilots climbed to allow bale out of crew then crashed at Barcanesti...

Show more

Aircraft

  • 42-40322 Cornhusker

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, Cornhusker, in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 415th Bomb Squadron, flew on Operation Tidal Wave, the large mission destroy the German held oil refineries at Ploesti Romania. It was shot down over the Ionian Sea by Bf-109G...

  • 41-11817 - Stinger

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, 41-11817, named, Stinger, flew on Operation Tidal Wave, the bombing mission to destroy the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, flown by it's pilot for the mission, Lt. Andrew Opsata, it's copilot, Lt. Louis R. Quaglino, with their...

  • 42-40662 - Black Magic

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, 42-40662, Black Magic, was in the 415th BS, the 98th BG, and the 9th AF. It flew on the Ploesti mission piloted by Lt. Dwight D. Patch, returning safely to Benghazi, Libya (RTB). It was later shot down by an ME-110 on a mission to...

  • 41-24195 - Little Joe

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator bomber, Little Joe, 41-24195, was in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 415th Bomb Squadron. Little Joe, 41-24195, flew on the Ploesti oil refinery mission piloted by Lt. Wesley N. Pettigrew, returning safely to Libya....

  • 41-11815 Daisy Mae

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, Daisy Mae, 41-11815, and it's crew, were in the 415th Bomb Squadron, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 9th Air Force . The plane and crew flew on Ploesti mission piloted by Lt. Lewis N. Ellis and his crew, returning safely to Benghazi, Libya. Lt....

  • 42-109799 Salt Lake Katie

    B-24 Liberator
    Details of acceptance and delivery from diary of William H. Nabors, Tail Gunner on Lt. James R. Perry Jr. crew: ...

  • 41-28854 'Better Late Than Never'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 415BS, 98BG, 15AF USAAF. Transferred to 721BS, 450BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Isarco/Albes, Italy 28-Feb-45 with Ed Lee crew; flak hit to #4 engine, dropped 1000ft before control regained. Crashed vicinity of Conegliano, Italy 6...

  • 41-11787 Zombie

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, 41-11787, named, Zombie, was in the 415th Bomb Squadron, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 9th Air Force, based at Benina Airfield, Benghazi, Libya, North Africa. The plane was hit and severely damaged by antiaircraft air bursts while on a...

  • 42-51161 Sneezy

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 343BS, 98BG, 15AF USAAF. Transferred to 415BS, 98BG, 15AF USAAF.

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2022 08:43:17 Kickapoo Changes to description
Sources

Spelling, wording, word spacing changes, with details added for clarity. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2022 08:33:33 Kickapoo Changes to description and unit encompassing associations
Sources

Spelling, punctuation, wording, and details added for clarity. - Kickapoo

Date Contributor Update
13 February 2021 00:54:25 Kickapoo Changes to unit part of associations
Sources

The Great Ground-Air Battle Of 1 August 1943 - James Dugan & Carroll Stewart

Date Contributor Update
01 November 2016 02:54:29 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and media associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/415th_Flight_Test_Flight

Share