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David Barnes Archibald Sr

Military

Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Kassel, left formation as ailerons were freezing, reduced his altitude accompanied by wingman. Overflying a crashed B-17 the pair made ready to destroy it by dropping fuel tanks and strafing them, when flak opened up and hit A/C P-51D 44-15555, wounding Lt Archibald in the leg. Returning from this incident, the pair ended up in a melee with Fw190's and were shot down by flak having downed 10 Fw190's between them [Lt Archibald 4, Lt Olson 3, 3 crashed in panic]. A/C crashed near Cologne when Lt Archibald passed out from loss of blood and exploded, ejecting Lt Archibald who amazingly was found alive but unconscious 7 hours later. Lt Olson baled when his A/C P-51D 44-14131 was hit by flak and exploded covering him in burning fuel and oil, which he extinguished prior to opening his parachute, both became POW's. MACR 11302.

Jack H. Smith, Mustangs & Unicorns, and USAF Historical Research Agency website credit Archibald with five victories in one day, 18 December 1944, the day that he was shot down; these victories are not recognized by USAF Historical Study 85 and he was not officially credited with any victories or with ace status when the study was completed in 1978. Captain Archibald's presence on the USAF HRA website may indicate that his case has been resolved to reflect the victories of 18 December 1944. The victories are not recognized in Kent D. Miller, Jigger, Tinplate & Redcross. Listed as RTD by MACR 11302; account of Prisoner of War (POW) experience appears in Jack H. Smith, Mustangs & Unicorns.

Awards: AM (10 OLC), POW, PH (1 OLC), , Bronze Star, Good Conduct, American Campaign, EAME, World War II Victory, National Service, Overseas Service, USAF Service.

Service

People

  • Paul Olson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 359th Fighter Group
    Prisoner of War (POW) crashed near Aachen on 18 Dec 44 in P-51 #44-14131, also P-51B #42-106917 'Mari-Helen' and P-51D #44-14444 'Supermouse', June-Dec. 18, 1944

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Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 359th Fighter Group

    359th Fighter Group

    Group
    The 359th Fighter Group flew 346 missions from East Wretham between December 1943 and April 1945. In the main these missions were escorting bombers flying over occupied Europe. The Group, soon after converting from Thunderbolts to Mustangs, were...

  • 368th Fighter Squadron

    368th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    Distinguished Unit Citation: Germany, 11 September 1944.

Aircraft

  • 44-15555

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Kassel, left formation as ailerons were freezing, reduced his altitude accompanied by wingman. Overflying a crashed B-17 the pair made ready to destroy it by dropping fuel tanks and...

  • 44-13721

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Lost in take off crash 27-Aug-44 East Wretham Lt David B Archibald uninjured. RTD.

  • 44-13943

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Crash landed East Wretham 12-Sep-44 Lt David B Archibald.

  • 44-14854

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Lost 1-Nov-44 Lt David B Archibald bailed out due to engine failure 5 miles East of Rackheath, UK.

  • 44-14652 'Betty Louise'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of 1st Lt David B Archibald.

Associated Place

  • East Wretham

    Military site : airfield
    East Wretham was not improved to Class A standard. It retained its shorter runways, although eventually pierced-steel planking was laid to make take offs and landings easier for the Thunderbolt, and then Mustang, pilots. Steel matting was also laid to...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Longmeadow, Massachusetts 15 March 1921
Enlisted Groton, CT, USA 24 February 1941
Assigned Wretham, Thetford IP24, UK 2 August 1944 – 18 December 1944

Assigned to 368FS, 359FG, 8AF USAAF.

Crashed Wretham, Thetford IP24, UK 27 August 1944

P-51D 44-13721 Lost in take off crash 27-Aug-44 East Wretham Lt David B Archibald uninjured. RTD.

Crashed Wretham, Thetford IP24, UK 12 September 1944

Crash landed in P-51D 44-13943 East Wretham 12-Sep-44 Lt David B Archibald. Cat 5 damage.

Promotion Wretham, Thetford IP24, UK 16 September 1944

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Baled Out Rackheath, Norwich NR13, UK 1 November 1944

P-51D 44-14854 Lost 1-Nov-44 Lt David B Archibald bailed out due to engine failure 5 miles East of Rackheath, UK.

Prisoner of War (POW) Tychowo, Poland 18 December 1944 – May 1945

Prisoner of War (POW). Incarcerated in Stalag 4B.

Crashed POW Cologne, Germany 18 December 1944

Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Kassel, left formation as ailerons were freezing, reduced his altitude accompanied by wingman. Crashed in P-51D 44-15555 near Cologne. POW. MACR 11302.

Buried Bourne, MA, USA February 1998

Massachusetts National Cemetery
Bourne
Barnstable County
Massachusetts, USA.

Died Falmouth, MA, USA 9 February 1998

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2016 12:57:36 Al_Skiff Changes to biography and person associations
Sources

http://www.littlefriends.co.uk/search.php?searchString=archibald
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=44-15555
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbapi.asp?Pilot=Archibald%2C+David+B
https://www.fold3.com/image/30326422
https://www.fold3.com/page/85138296_david_b%20archibald/details/
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Archibald&GSfn=Dav...
359th Fighter Group by Jack H Smith.

Date Contributor Update
23 July 2016 11:53:52 Al_Skiff Changes to middlename, suffix, nickname, service number, highest rank, role, biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations
Sources

http://www.littlefriends.co.uk/search.php?searchString=archibald
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbmsn.asp?SN=44-15555
http://www.aviationarchaeology.com/src/dbapi.asp?Pilot=Archibald%2C+David+B
https://www.fold3.com/image/30326422
https://www.fold3.com/page/85138296_david_b%20archibald/details/
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GSln=Archibald&GSfn=Dav...

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:06:59 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 11302 / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list / sons; wife; documentsJack H. Smith, Mustangs & Unicorns: A History Of The 359th Fighter GroupKent D. Miller, Jigger, Tinplate, & Redcross: The 359th Fighter Group In World War IIUSAF Historical Study No. 85: USAF Credits For The Destruction Of Enemy Aircr

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