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Paul Edward Gregory

Military

Paul Gregory was a graduate of St Aloysius Academy and Niagara University in New York. After graduation he worked for the Bethlehem Steel Company in Baltimore, Maryland, before he enlisted in July 1941. He trained in the US Army Air Forces as a Bombardier and received his wings at Santa Ana, California on 2 January 1942. Sent overseas, he was assigned to the 95th Bomb Group / 412th Bomb Squadron in England. He flew on 9 missions : the first one, to Düren on 20 October 1943 with Pilot Thomas R. Batcha, on board B-17 # 42-3317. He flew on 7 other missions, all with Pilot Ralph A. Woodcock, from 3 to 26 November 1943, all on 42-3317, except the 16 November one to Rjukan, Norway, on board # 42-39869). He was Bombardier on board B-17 #42-3317 'The Spirit of '76', with Pilot Arthur C. Hensler, when it was shot down on the 30 November 1943 mission to Solingen, Germany. Paul Gregory evaded capture after having landed in parachute in Holland. Helped to Belgium by Dutch patriots, he was taken in charge by the Belgian COMETE evasion network and was guided and sheltered in Belgium, France and Spain, reaching Gibraltar on 3 February 1944, being flown back to England on the 5th and subsequently returned to the United States. The story of his evasion is at http://www.evasioncomete.be/fgregorpe.html

Service

People

  • Paul Appleby

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #423317 'The Spirit of '76. ' Evaded.

  • Thomas Batcha

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 95th Bomb Group

  • Robert Gilchrist

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #423317 'The Spirit of '76. ' Evaded.

  • Elmer Gilcrease

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #423317 'The Spirit of '76. ' Evaded.

  • Max Gottlieb

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator, Radio Operator Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 412BS, 95BG, 8AF USAAF. 18 x combat missions. Flew with Thomas Batcha, Richard Robinson, Edward Komurka crews. Failed to Return (FTR) Solingen in B-17 42-3317 'The Spirit of '76' 30-Nov-43; hit by flak in starboard wing, baled out. Evaded...

  • Arthur Hensler

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 42-3317 'The Spirit of '76'. Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • Charles Higgins

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #42-3317 'The Spirit of '76', Evaded (EVD).

  • Jack Hyatt

    Military | Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner, Waist Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #42-3317 "The Spirit of '76", Prisoner of War (POW). POW

  • William Lohmann

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 95th Bomb Group
    After 2 years of college in Ohio, William Lohrmann enlisted in the Air Corps in April 1942. After following aerial navigation training, he was sent overseas and assigned to the 95th Bomb Group/412th Bomb Squadron. ...

  • Francis McDermott

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 95th Bomb Group
    Shot down 30 November 1943 in B-17 #423317 'The Spirit of '76. ' Prisoner of War (POW). POW

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Units served with

  • 95th Bomb Group

    95th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 95th Bomb Group was the only Eighth Air Force Group to be awarded three Distinguished Unit Citations. The first, shared by all four Bomb Wing Groups, was for the bombing of an aircraft factory under intense enemy fire at Regensburg on 17 August...

  • 412th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 42-3317 "The Spirit of '76"

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 6 May 1943; Dow Field 30 May 1943; assigned 384th BG Grafton Underwood 10 June 1943; transferred to 412th BS/95th BG [QW-Y/V] Horham 28 June 1943; 23missions. Missing in Action Solingen 30 November 1943 with Pilot Arthur C. Hensler Jr;...

  • 42-39869 'Heaven Can Wait'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 25/9/43; Gr Island 6/10/43; Assigned 412BS/95BG [QW-R] Horham 15/10/43; Ball turret gunner: Joe Lintelman (Killed in Action) 18/3/44; 42m, Missing in Action Rostock 11/4/44 with Rich Bannerman, Co-pilot: Wallace Lillo, Navigator:...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 116

    20 October 1943
    The primary target for this mission is the industrial areas of Duren, Germany. The mission is composed of three elements. The first element is a combined formation of 103 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that includes: 91BG (3); 92BG (14); 303BG (19);...

  • VIII Bomber Command 119

    3 November 1943
    October 1943 turned out to be the worst loss rate for 8th Air Force for the entire war. 2,145 B-17s and 303 B-24s had been dispatched on missions. 163 B-17s had been lost (lost rate 7.5991%) and 9 B-24s were lost (loss rate 2.9703%). These loss rates...

  • VIII Bomber Command 121

    5 November 1943
    Having had good success with P-38 escorts and limiting penetration depth into Germany this mission is directed at the railroad marshaling yards and oil refinery at Gelsenkirchen, Germany. In addition the marshaling yards at Munster, Germany are also...

  • VIII Bomber Command 124

    7 November 1943
    This mission is composed of two elements. The first element is a force of 59 B-17s of 1st Bomb Division including 91BG (18) 351BG (20); and 381BG (21) despatched to bomb the industrial areas of Wesel, Germany. Failure of the Oboe equipment results in a...

  • VIII Bomber Command 130

    13 November 1943
    The port area of Bremen, Germany is the focus of this mission composed of three elements. The first element is a combined force of 154 B0-17 of 1st Bomb Division including 94BG (16); 385BG (17); 95BG (21); 100BG (18); 390BG (21); 96BG (40); and 388BG ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 131

    16 November 1943
    This mission was directed at targets in Norway. It was composed of three elements. The first element was a combined force of 189 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that included: 384BG (21); 303BG (20); 379BG (22); 351BG (20); 91BG (20); 381BG (22); 305BG ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 138

    26 November 1943
    The industrial areas of Bremen, Germany are the target for this massive mission (largest to date) of 505 B-17s which included 14 B-17 Pathfinders from 482BG spread among the B-17 formations - 13 of these completed the mission and 7 were damaged. ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 143

    30 November 1943
    This mission is directed at a single target - the industrial areas of Solingen, Germany. The mission consists of three elements. The first element is a force of 221 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division that included: 91BG (24); 92BG (20); 303BG (20); 305BG (16...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Rome, New York, USA 20 June 1915

the son of Paul P. and Canadian-born Josephine (Plante) Gregory

Lived in Rome, Oneida County, New York, United States 1941
Enlisted July 1941
received his Bombardier's wings Santa Ana, California, United States 2 January 1942
bailed out near Roermond, The Netherlands 30 November 1943

from B-17 #42-3117

landed in parachute near Neer, The Netherlands 30 November 1943

in a field

Evaded capture 30 November 1943 – 3 February 1944

helped by Dutch, Belgian and French patriots

was back in England 5 February 1944

via Spain and Gibraltar

Buried Saint Joseph Catholic Cemetery, Rome, Oneida County, New York, United States 2003
Died Rome, Oneida County, New York, United States 19 November 2003

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
20 May 2021 13:41:47 ED-BB Changes to biography
Sources

Updated website address in Bio

Date Contributor Update
20 December 2016 15:08:25 ED-BB Changes to biography
Sources

Added link to website in Biography

Date Contributor Update
20 December 2016 15:05:32 ED-BB Changes to highest rank
Sources

Modified highest rank

Date Contributor Update
20 December 2016 15:02:59 ED-BB Changes to middlename, service number, highest rank, biography, events, person associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

MACR 1559
Escape & Evasion Report E&E 379
Research for website www.evasioncomete.org
Details and photos from daughter Susan

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:21:10 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 1559 / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database

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