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401st Bomb Group, Mission No. 189, 1 Jan 1945, Kassel, Germany.

Briefing took place at 0450 hours, and by 0834 hours all operational aircraft were airborne. The two spares returned early as planned. By 1704 hours all but one operational aircraft had returned safely. That aircraft was thought to have landed in France.

This was the sixth consecutive mission flown by the Group without a stand down. The three squadrons put up by the 401st made up the 94th Combat Wing "C" Group. Because the primary target, oil storage facilities at Derben, Germany, was obscured by clouds, the High and Low squadrons bombed Kassel by PFF (radar) techniques, with unobserved results. After attempting without success to make a visual run on the principal target, the Lead Squadron bombed railway yards at Els, Germany, by PFF, with strikes observed within the city. Flak was moderate, and 22 Group aircraft suffered minor battle damage. When the aircraft piloted by Captain E. W. Coleman was hit by flak, he was wounded in the leg by a piece of shrapnel and was forced to land in Belgium. His plane was badly damaged and was abandoned on the Continent. No enemy aircraft were encountered, as the Luftwaffe on this day made a last concerted effort to destroy Allied aircraft on the ground at their bases on the Continent. While this effort was successful in damaging many Allied aircraft, it resulted in the loss of many more German aircraft and pilots.

Connections

Units

Aircraft

  • 42-102398 Dynamite John

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 29/2/44; Gr Island 22/3/44; Grenier 20/4/44; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-H] Deenethorpe 13/5/44; Returned to the USA Bradley 6/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 8/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in...

  • 42-102468 'Farmer's Daughter'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/3/44; Hunter 7/4/44; Dow Fd 29/4/44; Assigned 615BS/401BG [IY-C] Deenethorpe 3/5/44; 614BS [IW-S]; 106m, Returned to the USA Bradley 7/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 14/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for...

  • 42-106992 Baby Lu, Grin 'N Bear It

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 19/1/44; Dalhart 4/2/44; Presque 23/3/44; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-D] Deenethorpe 16/4/44; force landed continent 19/4/45; Sal; Returned to the USA Bradley 11/7/45; 4185 BU Independence 12/7/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold...

  • 42-107039 Ice Cold Katy

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 3/2/44; Grenier 27/2/44; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-M] Deenethorpe 23/3/44; Returned to the USA Bradley 7/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 13/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA) Kingman 28/11/45...

  • 42-107151 Cover Girl

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 7/3/44; Kearney 22/3/44; Grenier 7/4/44; Assigned 614BS/401BG [IW-B] Deenethorpe 15/4/44; Returned to the USA Bradley 8/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 12/6/45; Reconstruction Finance Corporation (sold for scrap metal in USA)...

  • 42-31072 Betty J.

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    ...

  • 42-31485 Old Ironsides

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/10/43; Gr Island 21/11/43; La Guardia 29/11/43; New York 1/12/43; Presque Is 2/12/43; Assigned 615BS/401BG [IY-X] Deenethorpe 6/1/44; RAF Stornaway 5/4/44, ret grp 6/4/44; Returned to the USA 121 BU Bradley 9/6/45; Syracuse 10/6...

  • 42-31591 Homesick Angel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 26/11/43; Wendover 9/12/43; Grenier 20/1/44; Assigned 457BG Glatton 25/1/44; transferred 613BS/401BG [IN-J] Deenethorpe 11/3/44; Missing in Action Pas de Calais 19/3/44, force landed continent; Salvaged 1 SAD Troston 22/4/44; mission...

  • 42-31662 'Fancy Nancy IV'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 2/12/43; Kearney 17/12/43; Romulus 6/1/44; Kearney 7/1/44; Memphis 9/1/44; Presque Is 10/1/44; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-B] Deenethorpe 31/1/44; 134m crash landed Polebrook 22/4/44, Salvaged 1 SAD Troston. FANCY NANCY IV.

  • 42-31730 'Morning Star', 'Tail End Charlie'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 10/12/43; Kearney 27/12/43; RAF Nutts Corner 15/1/44; Assigned 615BS/401BG [IY-B] Deenethorpe 31/1/44; 613BS [IN-O]; 112m, Returned to the USA 121 BU Bradley 7/6/45; 4168 Base Unit, South Plains, Texas 9/6/45; 4100 BU Patterson 9/10...

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Missions

  • 774

    1 January 1945

Locations

  • Deenethorpe

    Military site : airfield
    Deenethorpe was a base purpose-built for American heavy bombers, with the Class A regulation 2,000 and 1,400-yard runways. All the buildings on site,such as the accommodation and administrative blocks, were temporary. In December 1943, several local...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
05 December 2021 02:10:05 acbernstein1 Created entry with caption, unit associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

http://401bg.org/Main/History/Missions/Details.aspx?Number=189

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