Cheddington

Airfield
Personnel of the 44th Bomb Group hoist a bicycle up a telegraph pole at Cheddington (Marsworth). Image via R Seaver.

Object Number - FRE 5473 - Personnel of the 44th Bomb Group hoist a bicycle up a telegraph pole at Cheddington (Marsworth). Image via R Seaver.

The main runway at Cheddington fell short of the required 2,000 yards for a class A airfield and it was originally used as a satellite for groups at Bovingdon nearby. Between October 1942 and the end of war in Europe it was used as a Combat Crew Replacement Centre for B-24 crews and then, in the last year of the war, as a base for trainee fighter pilots flying P-47 Thunderbolts and soon to join either the Eighth or Ninth Air Force. The base was also home to specialist squadrons who worked to break down the enemy by means other than bombs.

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

English Heritage's Record Description

A former military airfield opened in 1942. The base was initially designated as a training airfield for Royal Air Force bomber units (26 Operational Training Unit). However the hilly topography bordering the airfield did not make the base ideal for that role. In late 1942 and early 1943 the Americans took over and improved the facilities at the base within the constrictions of the local topography. The airfield was then used by specialist 8th United States Army Airforce units, such as the Night Leaflet Squadron and 36th "Bomb" Squadron , who were actually a Radio Countermeasures Squadron . By 1944 the airfield was equipped with concrete landing surfaces and looped hard standings, and four type T2 aircraft hangars. After the Allied victory in Europe the Americans left and the role of the base changed in 1946 to being the home of the Medical Training Establishment of the RAF. The base was also renamed RAF Marsworth. This closed in 1948, und the base was subsequently used as a military depot.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 490th Bomb Group 850th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Tail Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 467th Bomb Group 479th Fighter Group 492nd Bomb Group (Heavy) 436th Fighter Squadron 788th Bomb Squadron 859th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 15125819 / O-701862
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Pilot / Fighter pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 490th Bomb Group 848th Bomb Squadron 850th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 34931452
  • Highest Rank: Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Tail Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 801st Bomb Group 406th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 19004983
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Truckmaster
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 490th Bomb Group 848th Bomb Squadron 850th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-780498
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Charlene
  • Unit: 388th Bomb Group 36th Bomb Squadron 562nd Bomb Squadron 803rd Bomb Squadron
A B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-3259) nicknamed "SNAFU" of the 94th Bomb Goup in flight. Written on slide casing: 'SNAFU, B-17F.'
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Snafu, Alabama Whirlwind
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 802nd Reconnaissance Group (SP) 94th Bomb Group 545th Bomb Squadron 546th Bomb Squadron
A B-24 Liberator (serial number 42-94812) nickname "Little Warrior" of the 493rd Bomb Group in flight with its engines aflame. A veteran has handwritten on the reverse: 'To Roger Freeman, from a friend, Clifford Stocking. I took the picture 493rd BG, 862nd Sqd.'
  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Little warrior
  • Unit: 490th Bomb Group 493rd Bomb Group 850th Bomb Squadron 861st Bomb Squadron
A B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 43-37516) nicknamed "Tondalayo" of the 305th Bomb Group. Written on slide casing: '422 BS, Tondalayo.'
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Tondelayo
  • Unit: 305th Bomb Group Can Do 492nd Bomb Group (Heavy) 422nd Bomb Squadron 858th Bomb Squadron

Revisions

Date3 Sep 2019 13:38:07
ContributorEmily
Sources

Historic England National Monument Record SP 91 NW 44

Date27 Sep 2014 18:02:16
ContributorAAM
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

Cheddington: Gallery (12 items)