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9th Air Force

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as V Air Support Command on 21 Aug 1941. Activated on 1 Sep 1941. Redesignated Ninth AF in Apr 1942. Moved to Egypt and began operations on 12 Nov 1942, participating in the Allied drive across Egypt and Libya, the campaign in Tunisia, and the invasions of Sicily and Italy. Moved to England in Oct 1943 to become the tactical air force for the invasion of the Continent. Helped prepare for the assault on Normandy, supported operations on the beach in Jun 1944, and took part in the drive that carried the Allies across France and culminated in victory over Germany in May 1945. Inactivated in Germany on 2 Dec 1945.

Commanding officers
  • William Kepner

    Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force Fighter Command
    From 1909 to 1913, Kepner served in the US Marine Corps. By 1916 he was a second lieutenant in the Indiana National Guard. After a short spell in the US cavalry, in 1917 he transferred to the infantry as a captain and commanded a company at the Battle...

  • Lewis Brereton

    Military | Lieutenant General | Commanding General
    Lewis Hyde Brereton (June 21, 1890 – July 20, 1967) was a military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the United States Air Force. A 1911 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he began his military career as a United States Army officer...

  • Hoyt Vandenburg

    Military | General | Commanding General 9th Air Force
    Hoyt Sanford Vandenberg (January 24, 1899 – April 2, 1954) was a U.S. Air Force general, its second Chief of Staff, and second Director of Central Intelligence. ...

Structure

Part of
Not yet known
Encompassing
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Previously was
  • US Army Middle East Air Force

    US Army Middle East Air Force


    US Army Middle East Air Force (USAMEAF) was activated on 28 June 1942 in Cairo, Egypt. It brought together several units which had been operating the area including the HALPRO Detachment, and Lewis Brereton's 9th Bomb Squadron. ...

Became
Not yet known

Connections

People

  • Charles Abady

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail gunner | 322nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Nantes in B-26 41-31974. Hit by flak in target area, smoke seen trailing from starboard engine, control lost, A/C turned on its back, crashed Trois Moulins, 12km Sth of Nantes,...

  • Clayton Abraham

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 573BS, 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Ahrweiler, Germany. Shot down by Fw190's 3 miles East of Ahrweiler. Last seen dropping behind formation with both engines smoking, gear down, going into spin, crashed....

  • Thomas Abshier

    Military | Sergeant | Radio / Gunner | 394th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 586BS, 394BG, 9AF USAAF. Lt Myron E Brown Crew [#5].

  • Robert Ackerly

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. ...

  • John Adair

    Military | Major | Bomb / Nav | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 575BS, 391BG, 8AF USAAF. Bomb/Nav of “Silver Dollar,” B-26C 42-107671, shot down about 30 miles south of their target, the railroad viaduct at Ahrweiler, Germany. 23-Dec-44. A/C last seen with starboard engine feathered and port engine...

  • George Addis

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 438th Troop Carrier Group
    Assigned to 87TCS, 438TCG, 9AF USAAF. Piloted C-47A 42-100745 from US to ETO. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Donald Adler

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-pilot | 394th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 586BS, 394BG, 9AF USAAF. Crew #1.

  • Donald Aggers

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Toggelier | 394th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 586BS, 394BG, 9AF USAAF. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME, UN and Korean medals.

  • Norman Aigner

    Military | Captain | Pilot
    Norman L Aigner served as a co-pilot with the Headquarters Squadron of the 53rd Troop Carrier Wing. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, he was shot down in Horsa LJ161 over Normandy, France and killed. He is buried in Normandy American Cemetery.

  • Clinton Albright

    Military | Flight Officer | Fighter Pilot | 405th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 511FS, 405FG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 62FS, 56FG, 8AF. End of War.

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Aircraft

  • 41-24232 'Calaban'

    B-24 Liberator
    B-24 Liberator #41-24232 'Calaban' of 67th BS, 44th BG, 8th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, diverting safely to Malta. Later lost on 11th Dec 43 raid to Emden Industrial area, pilot Lt. Richard F. O’Neill was known for his violent...

  • 41-31634 'Hell's Hurricane'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 555BS, 381BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) St Omer, France 8-Sep-43 last seen with engine feathered dropping out of formation escorted by several Spitfires. ...

  • 41-31657 'Mississippi Mudcat'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 559BS, 387BG, 9AF USAAF. 149 x combat mission. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Bastogne. Shot down by Me109's, pilot 2Lt Vernon O Staub hit in face by 20mm cannon shell and killed instantly, went down with A/C. Crew baled out. 6 x...

  • 41-31698 Hot Garters

    B-26 Marauder
    B-26 41-31698 was shot down by anti-aircraft fire on 2 March 1944. Pilot Oliver Jopling and tail gunner Richard Byrem survived. The four other crew members died: Arnold Warmuth, Irving Lerman, John Gober and James White; MACR 2525. ...

  • 41-31741 'Winnie Dee II'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 322BG, 449BS, 9AF USAAF. Missions flown 96, 17 Jul 43 to 4 Jun 44; recoded PN-N, Missions flown 16; 17 Jun 44 to 12 Aug 44. ...

  • 41-31765 "Fightin' Cock"

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. This aircraft was written-off after crash-landing on 12th August 1944. It had received flak damage while over Flers, France and had its electrical system, generators and hydraulic systems shot out. The crew nursed...

  • 41-31767 'Ginger'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 449BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Siracourt,France. Damaged badly enough by AAA [hit in port engine, which was feathered and undercarriage dropped, possibly hydraulic damage] on the 21-Apr-44 mission to cause the crew to bail...

  • 41-31805 'Wood's Rocket Raiders'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to the 553rd Bombardment Squadron of the 386th Bomb Group, 9th AF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to bomb a bridge near Ecouché 28-Jul-44. Collided with Fw190 fighter. 6 x KIA. MACR 7016.

  • 41-31814 'Bag of Bolts'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Amiens. Hit by flak, pilot wounded in stomach and unconscious, crew baled out, shortly later A/C exploded on impact, pilot having been ejected, strapped in his armored flight seat. 2 x EVD, 3...

  • 41-31875 'Lady Liberty'

    B-26 Marauder
    Assigned to 450BS, 322BG, 9AF USAAF. 25 x combat missions. Battle damaged on ramrod to Abbeville, crash landed at Eastbourne, half of crew had baled out due to the damaged state of his A/C. Pilot 1st Lt Rowland G Thornton. 3 x RTD, 3 x POW. 28-Feb-44....

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Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
12 November 2019 22:22:05 ihanson7 Changes to person associations
Sources

My Grandfather

Date Contributor Update
03 September 2019 14:25:52 Emily Changes to type, category, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, unit part of associations and commanding officers associations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
11 June 2019 19:54:59 Claiborne Stokes Changes to type and air forces
Sources

CMS

Date Contributor Update
29 September 2016 15:02:15 Al_Skiff Changes to person associations
Sources

Added Gordon E Batdorf.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:43 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia

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