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US Strategic Air Forces


Eighth Air Force Headquarters became USSTAF in February 1944 and oversaw all Strategic Air Force activities in the European, African and Middle Eastern Theatre of Operations, particularly the operations of the Eighth and Fifteenth Air Forces.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as Eighth AF on 19 Jan 1942 and activated on 28 Jan.... Redesignated US Strategic Air Forces in Europe (USSTAF) on 22 Feb 1944. Afterward, coordinated AAF activities in the EAME Theater, exercising some operational control over both Eighth AF (originally VIII Bomber Command) and Fifteenth, and some administrative control over Eighth AF and Ninth. Served with the occupation forces in Europe after World War II. Redesignated United States Air Forces in Europe in Aug 1945. Directed USAF operations in the Berlin airlift, Jun 1948-Sep 1949.

Commanding officers
  • Carl Spaatz

    Military | General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    A few weeks after Pearl Harbor, in January 1942, General Spaatz was assigned as chief of the Army Air Force Combat Command at Washington and promoted to the temporary rank of major general. In May 1942, Spaatz was designated commander of the Eighth Air...


Part of
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Previously was
  • Headquarters (Eighth Air Force)

    Headquarters (Eighth Air Force)

    8th Air Force Headquarters opened in London under the command of General Carl A Spaatz on 19 June 1942. It oversaw all Commands, Wings and Groups engaged in the Strategic Bombing Campaign until February 1944, when it became US Strategic Air Forces in...

Not yet known


Station Location Date
Based Bushey Hall 25 June 1942 – September 1944



  • Elmer Adkins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Education and Information Services

  • Frederick Anderson

    Military | General | Commanding General | 95th Bomb Group
    Formerly senior pilot and CG of 4th Bomb Wing at Marks Hall from May 1943. Then appointed CG VIII BC 1 July 1943 to January 1944. ...

  • W Baily

    Military | Colonel | Chief off USSTAF Special Services

  • Kenneth Bitting

    Military | Colonel | Director of Personnel
    Bitting enlisted as a Private during the First World War and fought in the four major battles in France. He was awarded the Purple Heart and other medals and received a battlefield commission as a Lieutenant. He always loved being known as "Private...

  • Harold Bowman

    Military | Brigadier General | Commanding Officer | 401st Bomb Group
    Commanding Officer of 401st BG from June 1943 to 5 December 1944. Retired as Brigadier General Awards: SS, LOM, DFC (OLC), AM, Croix de Guerre, WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Stuart Bryan

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Chief, Policy and Research Branch

  • T Budington

    Military | Lieutenant | Assistant, Officer Personnel Branch

  • Charles Carpenter

    Military | Colonel | Senior Chaplain

  • G Carrel

    Military | Colonel | USSTAF Headquarters Section A-1, OPS 239.

  • Frank Carter

    Military | Lieutenant | Status Section, Redeployment Read. Branch.

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Date Contributor Update
04 September 2019 13:00:59 Emily Changes to type, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, description and commanding officers associations

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
29 August 2018 14:10:08 Emily Changes to us air force combat units of world war ii description, unit part of associations, unit previously was association and commanding officers associations


Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest

Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)