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8th Air Force Intransit Depot Group

Group

Established in Liverpool in late 1942 to distribute supplies arriving by ship from the US to the UK. Previously distribution of incoming supplies was handled by the US Army's service of supply, until VIII Air Force service command pressed for the need to manage it own supplies due to the unsuitability of unskilled ground handlers.

The Intransit Depot group routed supplies directly to advanced depots and combat bases, and established further depots at Liverpool and Bristol in 1943, and the first Air intransit depot at Prestwick in April 1943.

The unit was later transferred to IX Air Force Service command, though retained its VIII Air Force designation. In support of D-Day the unit trained special beach squadrons who would activate service command operations on the landing ground, and enable supplies arriving from the UK to be distributed to the relevant combat units in Normandy. The Unit landed in France on 7 and 8 June to conduct this operation, but did not become fully operational in Normandy until 9 June, due to delays in landing supplies on Omaha beach.

Once operational, Intransit Group personnel identified and segregated cargo from Britain intended for the Air Forces, and prepared it for dispatch for forward operating areas.

The group was disbanded in August 1944, and replaced by the 1st Intransit Depot Group,

Structure

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Became
  • 1st Intransit Depot Group

    1st Intransit Depot Group

    Group
    Established in France in August 1944 to replace VIII Air Force Intransit Depot Group. The unit oversaw distribution of supplies from Britain along the 9th Air Forces supply lines in Europe. ...

Stations

Station Location Date
Established Liverpool 1942
Established Bristol 1943
Established Prestwick April 1943
Disbanded August 1944
Based Ascot
Based Bishopstrow
Based Bournemouth
Based Crookham Common
Based Filton
Based Kenley
Based Liverpool
Based Oatlands Hill
Based Prestwick
Based Southampton
Based St Austell
Based St Mawgan
Based St Mellons
Based Torquay
Based Yate

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
16 December 2020 12:43:50 Emily Changes to type, description, air forces, unit encompassing associations and stations
Sources

The Army Air Forces In World War II, Volume 2, Europe: Torch to Pointblank, Aug 1942-Dec 1943, pp 615-616

The Army Air Forces in World War II, Volume 3, Europe: Argument to VE Day, Jan 1944- May 1945 p 577

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

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