The IX Air Force Service Command performed two functions: supplying the Ninth Air Force, and maintenance and major repair of airplanes and other equipment. ...
Established in Liverpool in late 1942 to distribute supplies arriving by ship from the US to the UK. Previously distribution of incoming supplies was handled by the US Army's service of supply, until VIII Air Force service command pressed for the need to manage it own supplies due to the unsuitability of unskilled ground handlers.
The Intransit Depot group routed supplies directly to advanced depots and combat bases, and established further depots at Liverpool and Bristol in 1943, and the first Air intransit depot at Prestwick in April 1943.
The unit was later transferred to IX Air Force Service command, though retained its VIII Air Force designation. In support of D-Day the unit trained special beach squadrons who would activate service command operations on the landing ground, and enable supplies arriving from the UK to be distributed to the relevant combat units in Normandy. The Unit landed in France on 7 and 8 June to conduct this operation, but did not become fully operational in Normandy until 9 June, due to delays in landing supplies on Omaha beach.
Once operational, Intransit Group personnel identified and segregated cargo from Britain intended for the Air Forces, and prepared it for dispatch for forward operating areas.
The group was disbanded in August 1944, and replaced by the 1st Intransit Depot Group,
Established in France in August 1944 to replace VIII Air Force Intransit Depot Group. The unit oversaw distribution of supplies from Britain along the 9th Air Forces supply lines in Europe. ...
|16 December 2020 12:43:50||Emily||Changes to type, description, air forces, unit encompassing associations and stations|
|27 September 2014 18:42:46||AAM||AAM ingest|
Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)