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491st Bomb Group


The 491st Bomb Group flew B-24 Liberators in bombing missions over northern France and Germany from June 1944 until April 1945. Missions over Germany included bombing the headquarters of the German General Staff at Zossen. The Group was awarded a DUC for persevering with a raid on an oil refinery at Misburg on 26 November 1944, despite half of its bombers being destroyed by enemy aircraft.

Browse 491st Bomb Group photographs and other documents in the 2nd Air Division Memorial Library digital archive here:


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  • 8th Air Force 226 BIG WEEK - DAY 1

    20 February 1944
    This mission is the opening salvo of the Allied Combined Bomber Offensive known officially as "Operation Argument" but remembered in 8th Air Force History as "BIG WEEK". The immediate strategic objective of this six-day operation is the degradation of...

  • 426

    20 June 1944

  • 455

    6 July 1944

  • 8th Air Force 554

    15 August 1944
    Airfields in NW Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium are the primary targets for this mission. 8th Air Force despatches a total of 932 aircraft. The raid is coordinated with 1,000 Royal Air Force (RAF) heavy bombers and Mosquitos attacking 9 airfields...

  • 725

    26 November 1944


Station Location Date
Based Metfield 25 April 1944 – 15 August 1944
Based North Pickenham 15 August 1944 – 4 July 1945



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Date Contributor Update
07 July 2019 21:10:46 hardway1 Changes to nicknames, motto and insignia

Kurt Knutsen

Date Contributor Update
09 March 2018 15:34:36 2nd Air Division Memorial Library Changes to description

2nd Air Division Memorial Library

Date Contributor Update
31 March 2016 05:41:37 Cebby Changes to mission associations

Key Image Chosen

Date Contributor Update
05 March 2015 16:33:58 Timothy McKeown Changes to nicknames and mission associations

C. Timothy McKeown

Date Contributor Update
09 November 2014 01:48:37 jmchristel Changes to type, aircraft types and mission associations

Added unit type and aircraft type

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:46 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)