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86th Fighter Group

Group

The Group was constituted as 86th Bombardment Group (Light) on 13-Jan 1942, and activated on 10 Feb 1942. It was redesignated 86th Bombardment Group (Dive) in Sep 1942, 86th Fighter-Bomber Group in Aug 1943, and 86th Fighter Group in May 1944.

In March through May of 1943, they moved to North Africa and trained until July, then began combat with Twelfth Air Force. They were engaged primarily in close support of ground forces, with the group moving forward to bases in Sicily, Italy, Corsica, France, and Germany as the battle line changed. Patrol and interdictory missions were also flown. A-36, P-40, and P-47 aircraft were used to attack convoys, trains, ammunition dumps, troop and supply columns, shipping, bridges, rail lines, and other objectives.

They participated in the softening up of Sicily and supported the invasion by Seventh Army in July of 1943, and provided cover for the landings at Salerno in September of that year. The Group assisted the Allied advance toward Rome during Jan-Jun 1944. They supported the invasion of Southern France in Aug 1944, and worked to take out enemy communications in northern Italy from Sep 1944 to April 1945. They attacked enemy transportation in Germany during April and May 1945.

The 86th received two DUC's: one for action on 25 May 1944 when the group repeatedly dived through intense flak to destroy enemy vehicles and troops as German forces tried to stop the Allies short of Rome; the other for activity against convoys and airfield installations in northern Germany on 20 April 1945 to disorganize the enemy's withdrawal from that area.

The Fighter Bomber Group remained in Germany after the war as part of United States Air Forces in Europe. They were transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the US in Feb 1946, and inactivated on March 31, 1946.

In August of 46, the Group was activated in Germany, and assigned to the United States Air Forces in Europe. They were redesignated 86th Composite Group in May 1947, 86th Fighter Group in Jan 1948, 86th Fighter-Bomber in Jan 1950, and the 86th Fighter-Interceptor Group in Aug 1954. Equipped successively with F-47, F-84, and F-86 aircraft.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 86th Bombardment Group (Light) on 13 Jan 1942. Activated on 10 Feb 1942. Redesignated 86th Bombardment Group (Dive) in Sep 1942, 86th Fighter-Bomber Group in Aug 1943, and 86th Fighter Group in May 1944.

Moved to North Africa, Mar-May 1943. Trained until Jul, then began combat with Twelfth AF. Engaged primarily in close support of ground forces, with the group moving forward to bases in Sicily, Italy, Corsica, France, and Germany as the battle line changed. Also flew patrol and interdictory missions. Used A-36, P-40, and P-47 aircraft to attack convoys, trains, ammunition dumps, troop and supply columns, shipping, bridges, rail lines, and other objectives.

Participated in the softening up of Sicily and supported the invasion by Seventh Army in Jul 1943. Provided cover for the landings at Salerno in Sep 1943. Assisted the Allied advance toward Rome during Jan-Jun 194. Supported the invasion of Southern France in Aug 1944. Operated against enemy communications in northern Italy from Sep 1944 to Apr 1945. Attacked enemy transportation in Germany during Apr and May 1945.

Received two DUC’s: for action on 25 May 1944 when the group repeatedly dived through intense flak to destroy enemy vehicles and troops as German forces tried to stop the Allies short of Rome; for activity against convoys and airfield installations in northern Germany on 20 Apr 1945 to disorganize the enemy’s withdrawal from that area.

Remained in Germany after the war as part of United States Air Forces in Europe. Transferred, without personnel and equipment, to the US in Feb 1946. Inuctivated on 31 Mar 1946.

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
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Became
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Stations

Station Location Date
Based Hunter Army Airfield 20 June 1942 – 7 August 1942
Assigned Twelfth Air Force March 1943
Based Tafaraoui 11 June 1943 – 30 June 1943
Based Korba 30 June 1943 – 20 July 1943
Based Ponte Olivo 20 July 1943 – 27 August 1943
Based Barcellona Landing Ground 27 August 1943 – 22 September 1943
Based Sele Airfield 22 September 1943 – 12 October 1943
Based Serretella 22 October 1943 – 19 November 1943
Based Serretella 22 October 1943 – 19 November 1943
Based Pomigliano 19 November 1943 – 30 April 1944
Based Marcianise Airfield 30 April 1944 – 12 June 1944
Based Marcianise Airfield 30 April 1944 – 12 June 1944
Based Poretta 12 July 1944 – 17 September 1944
Based Grosetto 17 September 1944 – 23 October 1944
Based Pomigliano 19 November 1944 – 30 April 1944
Assigned First Tactical Air Force February 1945
Based Tantonville 20 February 1945 – 18 April 1945

Connections

People

  • Terrence Edmonds

    Military | Flight Officer | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group

  • Bruce Fulton

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group
    His twin brother Ralph Wrigley Fulton was a fighter pilot with the 81st Fighter Group. He was KIA in March 1943

  • Lamert Guyer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group

  • William Leep

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group

  • Herschel Mattes

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group
    The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency (DPAA) announced today Army 1st Lt. Herschel H. Mattes, 22, of Pittsburgh, was accounted for July 29, 2019. ...

  • Gilbert Mullins

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot - Deputy Group Commander | 57th Fighter Group

  • Sibley Reid

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group

  • James Smedley

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 86th Fighter Group

Aircraft

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation - 25 May 1944
Distinguished Unit Citation - 20 April 1945

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 June 2021 11:39:23 Emily Changes to nicknames, motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:13:55 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://86fighterbombergroup.com/Campaigns%20and%20stations.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:09:12 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:09:11 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:07:28 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:06:10 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:06:08 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:00:06 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 05:00:06 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 04:59:06 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bastia_–_Poretta_Airport

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 01:19:55 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://86fighterbombergroup.com/Campaigns%20and%20stations.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 01:16:55 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://86fighterbombergroup.com/Campaigns%20and%20stations.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 01:15:41 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

http://86fighterbombergroup.com/Campaigns%20and%20stations.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 December 2020 00:39:31 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, motto, insignia, citations, description, air forces, aircraft types, aircraft associations, stations and media associations
Sources

http://86fighterbombergroup.com/

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