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Twelfth Air Force

Headquarters

The 12th Air Force was established in the USA during the Second World War to provide the Army Air Force component of Operation Torch (the invasion of French North Africa) in 1942. The Air Force initially moved to England for training before participating in the invasion of North Africa. It then engaged in tactical operations in the Medieterranean Theatre of Operations for the remainder of the war.

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as Twelfth AF on 20 Aug 1942 and activated the same day. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and then on to North Africa for the invasion of Algeria and French Morocco in Nov 1942. Operated in the Mediterranean theater until the end of the war, serving with Northwest African Air Forces from Feb to Dec 1943, and afterward with Mediterranean Allied Air Forces. Inactivated in Italy on 31 Aug 1945.

Commanding officers
  • Carl Spaatz

    Military | General | Commanding General, 8th Air Force
    A few weeks after Pearl Harbor, in January 1942, General Spaatz was assigned as chief of the Army Air Force Combat Command at Washington and promoted to the temporary rank of major general. In May 1942, Spaatz was designated commander of the Eighth Air...

  • James Doolittle

    Military | General | Commanding General
    Became Commanding General of 12th AF September 1942; Commanding General of Northwest African Strategic Air Force March 1943; assumed command of 15th AF November 1943; Commanding General of 8th Air Force 6 January 1944 to 9 May 1945. Medal Of Honor for...

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Missions

Stations

Station Location Date
Established Bolling Field 20 August 1942
Assigned to NAAF February 1943
Assigned to MAAF December 1943

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
26 May 2022 08:05:28 Emily Changes to person associations and aircraft associations
Sources

Regular removal of erroneous people and aircraft associations to record- individual people and aircraft were never directly assigned to the USAAF's Combat Air Forces.

Date Contributor Update
23 May 2022 11:31:41 Emily Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Regular removal of erroneous people and aircraft associations to record- individual people and aircraft were never directly assigned to the USAAF's Combat Air Forces.

Date Contributor Update
20 May 2022 11:16:49 Emily Changes to aircraft associations
Sources

Regular removal of erroneous people and aircraft associations made to record- individual people and aircraft were never directly assigned to the USAAF's Combat Air Forces.

Date Contributor Update
05 December 2021 03:24:52 466thHistorian Changes to unit part of associations
Sources

12th & 15th Air Forces - Gerard Paloque

Date Contributor Update
02 February 2020 13:56:09 phil marchese Changes to aircraft types
Sources

Rust, K.; Twelfth Air Force Story

Date Contributor Update
09 January 2019 09:27:02 Emily Created entry with type, category, name, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, description, commanding officers associations and media associations
Sources

AIR FORCE COMBAT UNITS OF WORLD WAR II

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