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325th Fighter Group

Group

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 325th Fighter Group on 9 Jun 1942. Activated on 3 Aug 1942. Trained with P-40’s. Moved to North Africa during Jan-Feb 1943.

Assigned to Twelfth AF. Entered combat on 17 Apr. Escorted medium bombers, flew strafing missions, and made sea sweeps from bases in Algeria and Tunisia. Participated in the defeat of Axis forces in Tunisia, the reduction of Pantelleria, and the conquest of Sicily. Received a DUC for action over Sardinia on 30 Jul 1943 when the group, using diversionary tactics, forced a superior number of enemy planes into the air and destroyed more than half of them. Flew no combat missions from the end of Sep to mid-Dec 1943, a period in which the group changed aircraft and moved to Italy.

Began operations with Fifteenth AF on 14 Dec, and afterward engaged primarily in escort operations, using P-47’s until they were replaced by P-51’s in May 1944. Escorted heavy bombers during long-range missions to attack the Messerschmitt factory at Regensburg, the Daimler-Benz tank factory at Berlin, oil refineries at Vienna, and other targets, such as airfields, marshalling yards, and communications in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Rumania, and Yugoslavia. Also covered operations of reconnaissance aircraft and strafed such targets as trains, vehicles, and airfields. Received second DUC for a mission on 30 Jan 1944 when the group flew more than 300 miles at very low altitude to surprise the enemy fighters that were defending German airdromes near Villaorba; by severely damaging the enemy’s force, the 325th group enabled heavy bombers to strike vital targets in the area without encountering serious opposition. Continued combat operations until May 1945. Returned to the US in Oct. Inactivated on 28 Oct 1945

Commanding officers
  • Robert Baseler

    Military | Colonel | Fighter Pilot - Group Commander | 325th Fighter Group

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
  • 317th Fighter Squadron

    317th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    The 317th Fighter Squadron was activated on 1 July 1942 at Theodore Green Airport, Providence, Rhode Island, as part of the 325th Fighter Group, the "Checker Tails". After six months of intensive training in the P-40 Warhawk, the 317th embarked for...

  • 318th Fighter Squadron

    318th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    It was established in mid-1942 as a fighter squadron, and trained under I Fighter Command primarily in the northeast with Curtiss P-40 Warhawks. It was deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations (MTO) in Algeria, and took part in the North...

  • 319th Fighter Squadron

    319th Fighter Squadron

    Squadron
    It was established in mid-1942 as a fighter squadron, and trained under I Fighter Command primarily in the northeast with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts. It was deployed to the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in Algeria, and took part in the North...

Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Assigned 12th Air Force January 1943
Based Montesquieu 5 April 1943 – 3 June 1943
Based Mateur 19 June 1943 – 4 November 1943
Based Soliman 4 November 1943 – 11 December 1943
Assigned 15th Air Force December 1943
Based Lesina 29 March 1944 – 5 March 1945

Connections

People

  • William Aron

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot-1055 single engine | 325th Fighter Group
    WILLIAM E. ARON was born in New Jersey in 1923. He was the son of Emil Aron and Harriet Aron, of 28 West Beechwood Ave Oaklyn NJ. The Arons had lived in Pennsylvania, where older sister Henrietta was born, before moving to Oaklyn, to the home of...

  • Robert Baseler

    Military | Colonel | Fighter Pilot - Group Commander | 325th Fighter Group

  • Mack Bunderson

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot 1055-single engine/Ground Adjutant | 325th Fighter Group
    318th FS 325th FG Squadron Adjutant. (off flying ststus due to wounds received) 44th FS 18th FG 87 missions 2 air kills WIA SWP Sept 1943. Flight Class 42G Moore Field, Mission, TX Aug 1942

  • William Cheney

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 352nd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 317FS, 325FG, 15AF USAAF. Transferred to 487FS, 352FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). Awards: WWII Victory, EAME, UN and Korean medals.

  • Lewis Chick

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot-1055 single engine/squadron commander | 355th Fighter Group
    Lt Col USAF retired AAC-AAF-USAF 1937- 1958 ETO Jan 1943 - Dec 1943 (4th FG & 355th FG) MTO Dec 1943 - July 1944 CO 317th FS 325th FG 6 air kills (all ME-109s) while flying P-47D s/n 42-76021 #10 "Rocky"

  • Frank Gaunt

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot-1056 Twin Engine | 325th Fighter Group
    Flight leader 318th FS 325th FG MTO P-51D 23 missions Flight leader 44th FS 18th FG SWP P-40/P-38 8 air kills 143 missions

  • Herschel Green

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot - Squadron Commander | 325th Fighter Group
    18 Victory Ace - 2nd highest score in the 15th AF. Leading ace of the 325th FG ...

  • Gordon McDaniel

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 325th Fighter Group

  • Norman McDonald

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot 1055 single engine/Squadron Commander | 52nd Fighter Group
    11.5 Victory Ace (7.5 with the 52nd FG & 4.0 with the 325th FG)

  • John Mumford

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 325th Fighter Group
    Mumford was killed in action, aged 22 on 6 June 1944, while escorting bombers on a raid over Galati, Romania. His aircraft came under attack by German fighters and he was last seen in pursuit of two German aircraft. Eyewitnesses in Novi Troyany,...

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Aircraft

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Citations

Distinguished Unit Citations: Sardinia, 30 Jul 1943; Italy, 30 Jan 1944.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
04 June 2021 12:06:03 Emily Changes to motto, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, description and stations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Removed text copied from Wikipedia

Date Contributor Update
30 November 2016 22:37:04 466thHistorian Changes to commanding officers associations
Sources

http://www.checkertails.org/Archived_Webpages/325thfg/325%20His.htm

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 04:06:57 466thHistorian Changes to stations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/325th_Operations_Group

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 03:49:32 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, nicknames, description, air forces, aircraft types, unit encompassing associations and media associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/325th_Operations_Group

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