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95th Fighter Squadron

Squadron

The squadron was activated in early 1942 at Harding Field, Louisiana as the 95th Pursuit Squadron,[3] one of the original three squadrons of the 82d Pursuit Group.[5] It soon moved to California where it equipped with Lockheed P-38 Lightnings and began training with Fourth Air Force as the 95th Fighter Squadron. It left California in the fall and sailed for Northern Ireland, where it received additional combat training under Eighth Air Force. A month after the initial Operation Torch landings in North Africa the squadron deployed to Algeria, where it entered combat as an element of Twelfth Air Force.[6]

In North Africa, the squadron flew antisubmarine patrols, bomber escort missions and attacked enemy shipping and airfields, moving its base east through Algeria and Tunisia. As the North African campaign drew to a close, the unit began attacking targets in Italy, earning a Distinguished Unit Citation[3] for its actions on 25 April 1943 during an attack on enemy airfields in Foggia.[6] On this mission, the squadron's aircraft flew hundreds of miles at an altitude of 100 feet to destroy dozens of enemy aircraft at Foggia while suffering minimal losses,[1]

In May 1943, the 95th was tasked with bombing Pantellaria, supporting the Allied invasion of Sicily. In part due to the squadron's efforts the garrison surrender just prior to the Allies landing on the island.[citation needed] In September, the squadron participated in Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, during which it was awarded a second Distinguished Unit Citation for a bomber escort mission against marshalling yards near Naples.[3][6] In this mission the squadron protected 72 North American B-25 Mitchells without loss while destroying numerous attacking enemy fighters.[1]

The squadron moved to Italy, where it became part of Fifteenth Air Force as part of the buildup to provide fighter cover for Fifteenth's heavy bombers.[6] On 10 June 1944 the squadron earned a third Distinguished Unit Citation for its actions during an attack on oil refineries in Ploiești, Romania.[3] During this attack each aircraft carried a 1,000-pound bomb and a 300-gallon gas tank.[1] The squadron also took part in some of the first shuttle missions to the Soviet Union.[citation needed]

At the end of World War II, the 95th destroyed more than 400 aircraft including 199 air-to-air kills[2][7] and had seven aces.[1] Following the surrender of Germany, the squadron remained in Italy until September 1945, when it was inactivated[3]

Structure

Part of
  • 82nd Fighter Group

    82nd Fighter Group

    Group
    The 82nd Fighter Group flew training missions from bases in Northern Ireland between October and December 1942. They then joined the Twelfth Air Force in North Africa, supporting the ground invasion of Tunisia, Sicily and Italy. Between October 1943...

Encompassing
Not yet known
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Connections

People

  • William Ackalusky

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    William Ackalusky's P-38F Lightning failed to return to base after all 15th Air Force missions from Italy were recalled due to bad weather. Ackalusky was believed to be on route from Lecce to Athens!

  • Louis Curdes

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot 1055-single engine | 82nd Fighter Group
    Flight leader 95th FS 82nd FG MTO 6 air kills Shot down by ME-109 on Aug 27, 1943 and captured but later escaped. MACR #549 Flight leader 4th FS 3rd Air Commando Group SWP 2 kills Flew C-54s during the Berlin Airlift. Retired has Lt Col in 1963

  • Eugene Phillips

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    2nd Lt Eugene (Gene) Francis Phillips served with the 12th Air Force, 82nd Fighter Group, 95th Fighter Squadron. He flew P-38's in the North African Theater: Italy. By 10 July 1943 he had flown 23 missions, 46 sorties and shot down 1 plane. On 25...

  • William Sloan

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 82nd Fighter Group
    Sloan went with the 82nd Fighter Group to Northern Ireland in October and on to French Algeria in January. He was assigned his P-38, which he named "Snooks". On early January 1943, while flying the P-38, Sloan scored the groups first aerial victory...

  • Thomas White

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot-1056 Twin Engine | 27th Air Transport Group
    6 kills MTO 95th FS 82nd FG OPS officer 338th FS 55th FG Post WWII air tanker pilot P-38H s/n 42-67030 CL-V "Janet"

Aircraft

  • 43-28662 'Jeanie'

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 79FS, 20FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 95FS, 82FG, 12AF USAAF. Lost over Yugoslavia, shot down by Russian Yak fighter. 2Lt Eldon E Coulson Killed in Action (KIA), 7-Nov-44. MACR 9696.

  • 41-7643

    P-38 Lightning
    Failed to return when all missions were recalled due to bad weather. Aircraft and pilot reported as missing in action.

  • 42-12830 Snooks IV 1/2

    P-38 Lightning

  • 43-2112 Sad Sack

    P-38 Lightning

  • 42-67959

    P-38 Lightning

  • 43-2512

    P-38 Lightning
    Served in 12th Air Force, 82nd Fighter Group, 95th Fighter Squadron. Flying out of Grombalia, Tunisia, North Africa on a mission to Foggia Airport, Italy; 25 August 1943. Was shot down by German ME 109; MACR 484. Pilot Eugene (Gene) Francis Phillips...

Citations

None

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
24 November 2016 02:58:33 466thHistorian Created entry with type, category, name, description, air forces, aircraft types and unit encompassing associations
Sources

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/95th_Fighter_Squadron

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