Skip to main content
Edit entry 

376th Bomb Group


Constituted as 376th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 19 Oct 1942 and activated in Palestine on 31 Oct. Began combat immediately, using B-24 aircraft. Operated with Ninth AF from bases in the Middle East, Nov 1942-Sep 1943, and with Twelfth AF from Tunisia, Sep-Nov 1943. Attacked shipping in the Mediterranean and harbor installations in Libya, Tunisia, Sicily, and Italy to cut enemy supply lines to Africa. Struck airdromes, marshalling yards, and other objectives in Sicily and Italy after the fall of Tunisia in May 1943. Received a DUC for action against the enemy in the Middle East, North Africa, and Sicily, Nov 1942-Aug 1943. Participated in the famed low-level assault on oil refineries at Ploesti and received another DUC: nearing Ploesti on 1 Aug 1943 and realizing that it was off course, the group attempted to reach its assigned objective from another direction; by this time, however, enemy defenses were thoroughly alerted and intense opposition forced the 376th to divert to targets of opportunity in the general target area

Moved to Italy in Nov 1943 and operated with Fifteenth AF until Apr 1945. Engaged primarily in long-range missions to targets in Italy, France, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, and the Balkans to bomb factories, marshalling yards, oil refineries, oil storage facilities, airdromes, bridges, harbors, and other objectives. Received a DUC for attacking the oil industry at Bratislava on 16 Jun 1944. Also flew support and interdictory missions, assisting Allied forces at Anzio and Cassino during Feb-Mar 1944, supporting the invasion of Southern France in Aug 1944, aiding the Russian sweep into the Balkans during the fall of 1944, and assisting Allied troops in northern Italy during Apr 1945.

Moved to the US in Apr. Redesignated 376th Bombardment Group (Very Heavy) in May 1945. Inactivated on 10 Nov 1945.


Part of
  • IX Bomber Command
  • 47th Bomb Wing
  • 5th Bomb Wing

    5th Bomb Wing

    The 5th Air Division (5th AD) originated on 19 October 1940 at McChord Field, Washington. Its initial mission was air defense of the northwest United States with three bombardment groups (12th, 17th and 39th) flying early B-17 Flying Fortresses (B-17C...

Previously was
  • 1st Provisional Group

    1st Provisional Group

    The 1st Provisional Group was established on 20 July 1942 at Lydda. It brought together the existing 9th Bomb Squadron and the Hal Bomb Squadron, which were operating the Middle East.

Not yet known


  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B-24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57...


Station Location Date
Established Lydda 31 October 1942
Based Abu Sueir 8 November 1942 – 10 February 1943
Based Mellaha 6 April 1943 – 26 September 1943
Based San Pancrazio 17 November 1943 – 19 April 1945



  • Henry Alexander

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 376th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 515BS, 376BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Sofia, Bulgaria 20-Dec-43 with Bob Brown crew; Collided with out of control ME109, ripping wing from A/C. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 1592 Awards: PH.

  • Norman Appold

    Military | Colonel | B-24 Command Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Norman C. Appold graduated from the Aviation Cadet Training Program in 1942, commissioned as a 2nd Lieutenant. After completing pilot training, he served as a B-24 pilot in the 376th Bomb Group, completing 63 missions. ...

  • Angelo Aspesi

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Gunner | 376th Bomb Group
    SSgt. Angelo Aspeci was assigned to the 515th Bomb Squadron, the 376th Bomb Group, and TDY to the 9th Air Force. He was a crew member on the B-24D, 42-40664, Teggie Ann, flown by Col. K.K. Compton on the Ploesti oil refinery bombing mission,...

  • Charles Bley

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Pilot B-24 Liberator #42-40203 'Tobias the Terrible' 515th BS, 376th BG, 9th AF, flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, returned safely to Libya. ...

  • Robert Block

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 376th Bomb Group
    Missing in Action on B-24 41-11603 'Malicious' on 31 January 1943, on a mission to Messina. His aircraft was hit by flak and forced to ditch in the sea.

  • Robert Brown

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 515BS, 376BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Sofia, Bulgaria 20-Dec-43 with Bob Brown crew; Collided with out of control ME109, ripping wing from A/C. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 1592 Awards: AM, PH.

  • Lawrence Burgin

    Military | Crew Chief | 376th Bomb Group
    He attended Western Carolina University for a year and decided he wanted to serve his country. He joined the U.S. Army Air Corps where he served as crew chief mechanic on B24 bomber airplanes in the Libyan desert arena and the boot of Italy with the...

  • Irwin Carr

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Co Pilot B-24 Liberator #42-40203 'Tobias the Terrible' 515th BS, 376th BG, 9th AF, shot down on 28th Dec 43 mission to Vicenza marshaling yards, Saletto Italy, pilot John L Sonaglia, 3 KIA / 7 POW. MACR 1617

  • Keith Compton

    Military | Lieutenant General | B-24 Command Pilot - Squadron Commander - Commanding Officer | 376th Bomb Group
    Keith Karl Compton was an American Air Force Lieutenant General who was Vice Commander in Chief, in the United States Air Force's Strategic Air Command. He flew as the Element Lead Aircraft's Command Pilot with Gen. Uzal Ent, the Ploesti Mission...

  • Harry Crampton

    Military | Technical Sergeant | B-24 Radio Operator | 376th Bomb Group
    TSgt. Harry W. Crampton, was assigned as a radio operator on the B-24D, 42-40664, Teggie Ann, in the 515th Bomb Squadron, the 376th Bomb Group, 8th Air Force from Britain, temporarily detached (TDY) to the 9th Air Force, USAAF, in Benghazi, Libya, for...

Show more


  • 41-11613 - The Blue Streak - Florine JuJu - Liberandos - Teggie Ann

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, 41-11613, that was in the 376th Bomb Group, had several names : Florine JuJu - The Blue Streak - Liberandos - Teggie Ann. It should not be mistaken for another B-24D Liberator bomber, 42-40664, also named, Teggie Ann, which was flown on the...

  • 41-24024 - Bewitching Witch

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator aircraft, 41-24024, named, Bewitching Witch, in the 376th Bomb Group in the U.K. It was loaned to the 44th Bomb Group, temporarily detached (TDY) to the 9th Air Force in North Africa, for Operation Tidal Wave, the low level mission...

  • 41-28837 Trade Winds

    B-24 Liberator
    Trade Winds was transferred, on 24 Feb 45 to the MTO, the 376th Bomb Group, and the 513th Bomb Squadron, the 376th Bomb Group, and the 15th Air Force, where it was assigned it's first mission. Later, assigned to the 837th Bomb Squadron, the 487th Bomb...

  • 42-40563 - Wongo Wongo

    B-24 Liberator
    Lost en-route to Ploesti, Romania with the loss of all crew members : ...

  • 41-24258 Minerva II, Desert Lily

    B-24 Liberator
    Shot down by a Bf 109G-6 near Wiemath, Austria on Nov 2, 1943. 8 KIA, 2 POW. MACR 1099 ...

  • 41-24294 Brewery Wagon

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, Brewery Wagon, flew on the famous bombing mission to destroy the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. It was shot down by flak and an ME-109 as it was approaching it's target over Ploesti. Two of the crew were KIA, eight became POW's. MACR...

  • 41-24297 'Chief Wahoo' 'War Maid'

    B-24 Liberator
    Crash landed in Turkey after Ploesti oil refinery raid, 1st Aug 1943. Pilot Wilford E Hines. Crew interned in Turkey.

  • 42-40664 - Honey Chile - Liberandos - Teggie Ann

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, named, Teggie Ann, 42-40664, should not be mistaken for another of two other B-24Ds, two of three B-24Ds, 41-23754, and 41-11613, also named, Teggie Ann, that were in the 8th Air Force in the U.K in 1942-43. Later, 42-40664, Teggie Ann's,...

  • 41-11636 Wash's Tub, Liberandos

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, Liberator bomber, 41-11636, first named, Wash's Tub, was first flown by Martin Walsh and was originally Halpro aircraft, #24, first, in the Halverson Project in 1942 in the 9th Air Force. It was later transferred to the 8th Air Force, the...

  • 41-11825 - Hail Columbia - Little Chief Big Dog - Grumpy

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, Hail Columbia, 41-11825, was assigned to the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bombing Squadron. It was first assigned to the 344th Squadron's CO, Col. John R. Kane's, personal aircraft until Kane became the 98th Bomb Group's...

Show more


Distinguished Unit Citations:
North Africa and Sicily, [Nov] 1942-17 Aug 1943;
Ploesti, Rumania, Aug 1943;
Bratislava, Czechoslovakia, 16 Jun 1944.


Date Contributor Update
17 March 2019 06:15:59 Kickapoo Changes to person associations

Black Sunday ~ Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
06 November 2016 23:32:20 466thHistorian Changes to stations

Date Contributor Update
02 November 2016 22:52:48 466thHistorian Changes to insignia, citations, description, unit part of associations, unit encompassing associations and stations

Date Contributor Update
28 July 2016 18:56:14 millebr Changes to type, nicknames, air forces and aircraft types

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia