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316th Troop Carrier Group


US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 316th Transport Group on 2 Feb 1942 and activated on 14 Feb. Redesignated 316th Troop Carrier Group in Jul 1942. Trained with C-47 and C-53 aircraft.

Moved to the Mediterranean theatre, assigned to Ninth AF, and began operations, in Nov 1942. Transported supplies and evacuated casualties in support of the Allied drive across North Africa. In May 1943 began training for the invasion of Sicily; dropped paratroops over the assault area on the night of 9 Jul. Carried reinforcements to Sicily on 11 Jul and received a DUC for carrying out that mission although severely attacked by ground and naval forces. Received another DUC for supporting aerial and ground operations in Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, and Sicily, 25 Nov 1942-25 Aug 1943, by transporting reinforcements and supplies.

Assigned to Twelfth AF and moved to Sicily to take part in the invasion of Italy; dropped paratroops over the beachhead south of the Sele River on the night of 14 Sep 1943. Transported cargo in the theatre until Feb 1944, then joined Ninth AF in England and prepared for the invasion of France.

Dropped paratroops near Ste-Mere-Eglise on D-Day 1944 and flew a reinforcement mission on 7 Jun, receiving a third DUC for these operations. During the air attack on Holland in Sep 1944, dropped paratroops and released gliders carrying reinforcements. Dropped paratroops near Wesel on 24 Mar 1945 when the Allies made the airborne assault across the Rhine. Also provided transport services in Europe while not engaged in airborne operations. Hauled supplies such as ammunition, gasoline, water, and rations; evacuated wounded personnel to rear-zone hospitals. Returned to the US in May 1945.


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Station Location Date
Assigned 9th Air Force November 1942
Assigned 12th Air Force March 1943
Assigned 9th Air Force February 1944
Based Cottesmore 15 February 1944 – May 1945



  • Rufus Alley

    Military | Flight Officer | Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group
    Piloted a glider transporting six members of the HQ Battery for Operation Market Garden

  • Wilbur Alley

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group
    KIA in Operation Husky July 1943 Air Medal

  • Richard Armstrong

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group
    Took part in Operation Market Garden 17 Sept. 1944

  • Edward Ash

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • Donald Ashling

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Crew Chief | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • Joseph Baldwin

    Military | Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • Claire Beck

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • Jackson Beyer

    Military | Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • Frank Bleier

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 316th Troop Carrier Group

  • James Bramlette

    Military | Captain | 316th Troop Carrier Group
    Killed in Action in C-47 on 24 March 1945, during Operation Varsity.

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  • 41-18511

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 41-18606

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 41-38620

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 41-38624

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-107402

    OA-10 Catalina

  • 42-108877

    C-47 Skytrain
    Took part in Operation Eagle on 12 May 1944. After successfully completing the practice jump, the aircraft collided with C-47 42-92679 on the return journey. Crews reported a large explosion and a bright flash. All members of the crew were killed in...

  • 42-23404

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-23492

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-23506

    C-47 Skytrain

  • 42-23931

    C-47 Skytrain

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Distinguished Unit Citations: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Sicily, 25 Nov 1942-25 Aug 1943; Sicily, 11 Jul 1943; France, 6-7 Jun 1944.


Date Contributor Update
07 June 2021 12:06:30 Emily Changes to us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations, description, air forces and stations

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
14 September 2018 03:12:04 72stick Changes to motto

Brian Rowlison contributor, Father’s unit motto for the 316th Troop Carrier Group

Date Contributor Update
11 December 2014 10:39:39 Lucy May Changes to type, description and aircraft types

Date Contributor Update
10 December 2014 17:15:21 LucyMM Changes to stations

Added the dates that the Group were stationed at Cottesmore.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:45 AAM AAM ingest

Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)