Skip to main content
Edit entry 

10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group

Group

US Air Force Combat Units of World War II Description

Constituted as 73d Observation Group on 21 Aug 1941. Activated on 1 Sep 1941. Engaged in training activities, participating in the Tennessee Manoeuvres in 1943. Redesignated 73d Reconnaissance Group in Apr 1943, 73d Tactical Reconnaissance Group in Aug 1943, and 10th Photographic Group (Reconnaissance) in Dec 1943. Moved to the European theater, Jan-Feb 1944, for duty with Ninth AF. Used F-3, F-5, F-6, L-I, L-4, and L-5 aircraft for operations, Feb1944-May 1945. Photographed airfields, coastal defences, and ports, and made bomb-damage assessment photographs of airfields, marshalling yards, bridges, and other targets, in preparation for the Normandy invasion; received a DUC for flying at low altitude to photograph the coast from Blankenberghe to Dunkirk and from Le Touquet to St- Vaast-la-Hougue, 6-20 May 1944.

Supported the invasion in Jun by making visual and photographic reconnaissance of bridges, artillery, road and railroad junctions, traffic centers, airfields, and other targets. Assisted the Allied drive toward the German border during the summer and early fall of 1944 by flying daylight and night photographic missions; also performed tactical reconnaissance for ground and air units, directing artillery to enemy positions and -fighter-bombers to opportune targets. Aided Third Army and other Allied organisations in the bat- tle to breach the Siegfried Line, Sep-Dec 1944. Participated in the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945, by flying reconnaissance missions in the combat zone. From Feb 1945 to V-E Day, assisted the advance of Third Army across the Rhine, to Czechoslovakia, and into Austria. Remained in Germany after the war as part of the army of occupation, being assigned to United States Air Forces in Europe. Redesignated 10th Reconnaissance Group in Jun 1945.

Commanding officers
  • Russell Berg

    Military | Brigadier General | Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Russell Berg served as a Spitfire pilot with No. 610 Squadron before joining the 10th Photo Recon Group. He became the group's Commanding Officer on 20 June 1944, at age 27 ...

  • William Reed

    Military | Colonel | Commanding Officer | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Commanding Officer of the 10th Photographic Group, 9 September 1943 to June 1944

Structure

Part of
Encompassing
Previously was
Not yet known
Became
Not yet known

Stations

Station Location Date
Based Chalgrove February 1944 – 11 August 1944
Based Rennes 11 August 1944 – 30 August 1944
Based Chateaudun 30 August 1944 – 30 September 1944
Based Saint-Dizier 30 September 1944 – 1 November 1944
Based Conflans 1 November 1944 – March 1945
Based Trier March 1945 – 5 April 1945
Based Ober Olm 5 April 1945 – 28 April 1945
Based Furth 28 April 1945 – 8 May 1945

Connections

People

  • Karl Becker

    Military | Captain | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group

  • Russell Berg

    Military | Brigadier General | Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Russell Berg served as a Spitfire pilot with No. 610 Squadron before joining the 10th Photo Recon Group. He became the group's Commanding Officer on 20 June 1944, at age 27 ...

  • Stanley Canner

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group

  • Arthur Chinn

    Military | First Lieutenant | Reconnaissance Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Chinese-American from Salt Lake City, Utah. KIA 27 Aug 1944 near Brest, France while on an artillery spotting mission; wingman was Lt Elbert Garr

  • Harry Cohen

    Military | Lieutenant | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Missing in action on combat mission, his aircraft was 43-9449

  • James Frakes

    Military | Major | Photo Reconnaissance Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group

  • Elbert Garr

    Military | First Lieutenant | Reconnaissance Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Wingman of Lt Arthur KP Chinn on 27 August 1944, when Chinn was killed near Brest, France

  • John Hoefker

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Captain John H Hoefker, piloted North American P-51C Mustang 42-103368 to shoot down three enemy aircraft in June 1944. He became the 10th Photo Recon Group's most successful combatant with credits of 8½ air victories.

  • Ralph Knoebel

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Ralph served as a pilot in the 15th Tactical Reconnaissance Squadron of the 10th Photo Recon Group out of Middle Wallop, England. On 22 June 1944, he was shot down flying F-6 42-103378 fifteen miles west of St Quentin, France and was Killed in Action....

  • Leland Larson

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot-1055 single engine | 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group
    Flight leader 15th TRS Dec. 1944 - July 1945 6 air kills while flying 77 combat missions Scored last AAF kill in the ETO on May 8, 1945.

Show more

Aircraft

Show more

Citations

Distinguished Unit Citation: France, 6-20 May 1944.

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
20 July 2021 14:35:37 Emily Changes to motto, us air force combat units of world war ii description, citations and commanding officers associations
Sources

Air Force Combat Units of World War II

Date Contributor Update
22 February 2017 11:53:41 general ira snapsorter Changes to stations
Sources

Stations added with details from:
- "Battle Colors Volume III - Insignia and Tactical Markings of the Ninth Air Force in World War Two' by Robert A. Watkins;

Date Contributor Update
17 December 2016 00:59:00 Spooner Changes to aircraft types
Sources

Known fact

Date Contributor Update
28 September 2016 14:39:34 general ira snapsorter Changes to type, motto, insignia, us air force combat units of world war ii description, aircraft types and stations
Sources

Consolidation of duplicate units and connections to reflect the 10th Photographic Reconnaissance Group's structure according to "Air Force Combat Units of World War 2", Ed. Maurer Maurer, Office of Air Force History. Washingto D.C. 1983. (p.50)

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:42:44 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

Share