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Military site : airfield

Built in 1940 as an RAF Fighter Station, with US fighters based here in late 1942.

Detailed history

Located 4 miles NE of Bath, RAF Colerne opened in September 1940 and served throughout WW2 in the twin roles of Maintenance Unit and Fighter Command station. For a brief period Colerne had, as lodgers, P-38F Lightnings of the 27th Fighter Squadron, 1st Fighter Group, USAAF. The Group had been re-assigned from the 8th Air Force to the 12th Air Force for the North African Campaign. Their stay at Colerne was from 15th September 1942 to 6th November 1942 when they departed to Chivenor, Devon for staging.
Colerne remained an important RAF Station until the end of March 1976. Immediately afterwards the whole site was taken over by the Army as Azimghur Barracks.

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known



  • 1st Fighter Group

    1st Fighter Group

    The 1st Fighter Group were initially deployed to Britain in the summer of 1942 as part of Operation Bolero. After shuttling through a number of different bases in the UK, the Group was reassigned to the Twelfth Air Force in September 1942 and supported...


  • 42-29754 'Mason's Morons' aka 'Shangri-La Lil'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 12/2/43; Rapid City 22/2/43; Kearney 12/3/43. ...

  • 42-5081 Luscious Lady

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 17/9/42; West Palm Beach 17/1/43; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-V] Molesworth 15/2/43; took off from RAF Colerne, NI on training mission and involved in landing accident at RAF Filton, 17/10/43 with Dave Shelhamer, Flight engineer/top turret...


Date Contributor Update
17 November 2014 22:22:23 MikeO Changes to history

"The Mighty Eighth", by Roger Freeman

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:16 AAM AAM ingest

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) /