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Wormingford

Military site : airfield

Wormingford was a Royal Flying Corps/RAF anti-Zeppelin aircraft Landing Ground First World War, rebuilt for the Eighth Air Force 1942-43. It was a Ninth Air Force base from 1943-44, and home to the 362nd Fighter Group. Switching back to the Eighth Air Force 1944-45, the 55th Fighter Group operated from the airfield. The 3rd Scouting Force, which began as part of the 55th Fighter Group, operated from Wormingford from 1944-1945. The airfield was handed back to the RAF in 1945, and it became a civil airfield in 1947 to the 1960s. It was mostly sold and returned to agriculture in the 1960s-70s.

Detailed history

Not yet known

English Heritage's record description

A former World War Two airfield. It was constructed in 1942-1943, opening in the latter year. It was built as a heavy bomber airfield, with three concrete and tarmac runways, suitable hard standings for bombers, aircraft hangars (Type T2) and a bomb dump store on the north side. The technical site was on the east side of the airfield, with mess, other communal sites and barracks dispersed further to the south-east. Despite the heavy bomber layout, it was used by the 9th United States Army Air Force 362nd and the 8th Air Force 55th Fighter Groups as a fighter station; it was designated as USAAF Station 159. it passed to the Royal Air Force at the end of the war, but closed as a military airfield in 1947. During the 1950s it was in limited use as a civilian airfield. Between 1960-1971 the site was sold for agricultural use. In 2000 it was noted that a gliding club used the airfield.

Service

Units

People

  • Arnold Abalos

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Communications Supply Technician (MOS 581) | 55th Fighter Group
    Arnold Abalos was born in Mexico and emigrated to the United States with his parents at age 8 or 9. The family settled in Elko, Nevada. Arnold enlisted in November 1941 and served overseas with the 1029th Signal Company, attached to the 55th Fighter...

  • Edward Abdallah

    Military | First Lieutenant | Thunderbolt fighter pilot | 362nd Fighter Group
    Shot down by enemy aircraft on the 8th of March 1944.

  • Richard Abel

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 55th Fighter Group
    Assigned 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort to Munich. Last seen whilst strafing enemy aircraft in P-51D 'Jills Jalopy VII' 44-64159 near Zorneding, 20 km ESE of Munich. Pilot 2nd Lt Richard K Abel Killed in Action (KIA). MACR...

  • Luverne Abendroth

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 3rd Scouting Force
    Assigned to 832BS, 486BG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 3rd Scouting Force. Ended Tour Duty (ETD). Awards: DFC, AM (5OLC), WWII Victory, EAME (3 x Battle Stars).

  • Walter Achramowicz

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Ended Tour of Duty (ETD). ...

  • Donald Adams

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 31st Fighter Group
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. 2 x missions. Credited with 2 destroyed and 2 damaged (ground). ...

  • William Agnew

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 353rd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 350FS, 353FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 338FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Flew 70+ combat missions. Credited 1 probable. Killed in Mid Air Collision in P-51 44-15598 2 miles SW Kaufbuern/ R-70. 5-Aug-45. Killed in Action (KIA). ...

  • Michael Alba

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 339th Fighter Group
    Born in Pasadena, California, Michael Alba grew up in Simi Valley where his family worked in the orchards. He was a 1937 teammate of future baseball star Jackie Robinson at the Pasadena City College, practicing on Catalina Island with the Cubs team....

  • Raymond Allen

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 55th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Awards: AM (2OLC), WWII Victory, EAME..

  • William Allen

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot | 55th Fighter Group
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Flew seven combat missions. On 5-Sep-44, returning from an escort mission to Stuttgart, Germany, he spotted several aircraft taking off from the airport at Göppingen. His flight of four P-51s went down, and when the...

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Aircraft

  • 42-67825 'Texas Ranger IV'

    P-38 Lightning
    Shot down, flak hit, crashed near Coulommiers on 10 Apr 44. MACR 3620.

  • 42-67893

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Dijon, shot down by Fw190 and crashed near Évreux on 6-Feb-44 in P-38J 42-67893 on return from a bomber support mission to Dijon. Pilot 2nd Lt William Ashton heard to be baling out....

  • 42-67966 'Pretty Patty'

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Hamm. Shot down in melee with Bf109's Waldbröl 22-Apr-44 - Lt Clair A Penners POW. MACR 4121.

  • 42-68127

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 338FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bomber escort Wittstoch, Germany hit by flak near Dokkum, Holland 21-Jun-44 Lt Malcolm G Armstrong baled out POW. MACR 5942.

  • 43-28341 'Peoria Pulverizer' 'Texas Longhorn' 'Scat III'

    P-38 Lightning
    Assigned to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 434FS, 479FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) fighter sweep Melun - Dijon 10-Aug-44 Crashed into Epernay Forest Lt James E Fleming Jr KIA MACR 7622

  • 44-13725 'Georgette'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 338FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort mission to Frankfurt. Became separated from squadron in overcast. Pilot Lt John E Bauer Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 8545.

  • 44-13804 'Spunktown' 'Arabel'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort to Merseburg, hit by flak in coolant system, strafing a train between Osnabrook and Hannover, heading for base with a failing engine, abandoned A/C near Hilversum, 8-Nov-44. Capt Earl R...

  • 44-13818 'Mah Ideel'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 38FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort mission to Lonnewitz, engine failed, A/C abandoned Limberg, Germany 2-Mar-45 pilot 1st Lt Samuel F Anderson POW. MACR 12873.

  • 44-13888 Angel Puss

    P-51 Mustang

  • 44-14135

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 343FS, 55FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) escort mission to Heide, Germany. Hit by flak whilst strafing Ju88's on Leck A/D. Leaking coolant from radiator scoop, headed for Sweden, when engine caught fire, pilot Capt Robert D Brown...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
17 September 2020 15:41:48 Camodo_Gaming Changes to known as
Sources

basic details added

Date Contributor Update
17 September 2020 15:40:34 Camodo_Gaming Changes to usaaf from date, usaaf to date, construction date and closure date
Sources

i have added the basic details of RAF wormingford

Date Contributor Update
03 September 2019 13:28:11 Emily Changes to english heritage description
Sources

Historic England National Monument Record, TL 93 SW 120

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:02:18 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Barry Anderson, Army Air Forces Stations (Alabama, 1985) / Roger Freeman, Airfields of the Eighth Then And Now (London, 1978)

Roger Freeman, Mighty Eighth War Manual (London, 2001)

Michael Bowyer, Action Stations 1: Wartime Military Airfields of East Anglia 1939-1945 (Cambridge, 1979)

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