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Military site : airfield

Detailed history

Vesuvius Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Italy, located approximately 2 km east-northeast of San Giuseppe Vesuvianom about 21 km east of Naples.
It was an all-weather temporary field built by the XII Engineer Command using a graded earth compacted surface, with a prefabricated hessian (burlap) surfacing known as PHS. PHS was made of an asphalt-impregnated jute which was rolled out over the compacted surface over a square mesh track (SMT) grid of wire joined in 3-inch squares. Pierced Steel Planking was also used for parking areas, as well as for dispersal sites, when it was available. In addition, tents were used for billeting and also for support facilities; an access road was built to the existing road infrastructure; a dump for supplies, ammunition, and gasoline drums, along with a drinkable water and minimal electrical grid for communications and station lighting.
Once completed it was turned over for use by tactical light bombers of the United States Army Air Force Twelfth Air Force 47th Bombardment Group.
The 47th first arrived at the airfield on 10 January 1944, however it had to abandon the field on 22 March 1944 due to the eruption of Mount Vesuvius which severely damaged the field and several A-20 Havoc aircraft. The group was evacuated to Capodichino Airport near Naples for several weeks until they returned to the repaired base on 25 April, remaining until 10 June 1944.
When the 47th pulled out, the airfield was dismantled and abandoned. Today, the location of the field can not be precisely determined, as the suburbs of Naples have expanded and the area where it was located is now developed.

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known




  • John Adair

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Gunner/Armament Inspector/Armament Cheif | 47th Bomb Group

  • Marion Akers

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot - Squadron Commander | 47th Bomb Group

  • George Baggs

    Military | Captain | Bombardier/Navigator | 47th Bomb Group

  • Charles Barr

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group

  • Anthony Biancardi

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Communications Chief | 47th Bomb Group

  • Viviano Bonitatibus

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | 47th Bomb Group

  • Jack Botts

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Top Gunner | 47th Bomb Group

  • Allen Bradley

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Aerial Gunner | 47th Bomb Group

  • Daniel Burritt

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 47th Bomb Group
    Major, United States Air Force. Joining the Army Air Corp. in 1941, he learned to fly in a Stearman biplane aircraft. In WWII, he flew an A-20 Havoc medium bomber in Africa and Italy. He survived being shot down and parachuting onto Monte Casino in...

  • Reginald Clizbe

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot - Squadron Commander | 47th Bomb Group
    Major General Reginald James Clizbe is commander of the U.S. Air Force Southern Command, at Albrook Air Force Base, Canal Zone. USAFSO is the U.S. Air Force representative for plans and operations throughout Latin America and is the air component of...

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Date Contributor Update
04 January 2021 03:06:24 466thHistorian Created entry with name, latitude, longitude, usaaf from date, usaaf to date and history