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Military site : airfield

Detailed history

49°10'31.83"N 0°47'26.01"W

Runway: 07/25 1524m X 37m Square-Mesh Track (SMT) and Prefabricated Bituminous Surfacing (PBS)
Lignerolles A12 (Advanced Landing Ground) was a temporary Allied airfield located 240km east of Paris.
The construction of the A12 American Airfield by the 820th Engineer Airfield Battalion began on July 6th 1944. A12 was the fourth aerodrome completed by the 820th Engineer Airfield Battalion since arriving in Normandy.
The work of these units was very risky because of proximity to the front line, which was sometimes even within firing range of enemy artillery and at other times it became the target of aerial bombardments.
In spite of being under fire, A12 'Lignerolles' was finished in 12 days.
The 362nd Fighter Group arrived on July 18, 1944. The squadron equipped with P47 Thunderbolts remained stationed until August 10, when the 365th Fighter Group succeeded him. In early September 1944, it was the 34th Wing of the Royal Air Force that settled on the A12.

Known as Advanced Landing Ground "A-12", the airfield consisted of a single Prefabricated Hessian Surfacing runway. In addition, tents were used for billeting and also for support facilities; an access road was built to the existing road infrastructure; a dump for supplies, ammunition, and gasoline drums, along with a drinkable water and minimal electrical grid for communications and station lighting.[2]
The fighter planes from Lignerolles flew support missions during the Allied invasion of Normandy, patrolling roads in front of the beachhead; strafing German military vehicles and dropping bombs on gun emplacements, anti-aircraft artillery and concentrations of German troops in Normandy and Brittany when spotted.
In the beginning of September 1944, 34 Wing (RAF) was moved from RAF Northolt to Lignerolles. The wing operated two photographic reconnaissance squadrons from the airfield in support of the Canadian Army.
After the Americans and British moved east into Central France with the advancing Allied Armies, the airfield was left un-garrisoned and used for resupply and casualty evacuation. It was closed on 4 November 1944 and the land returned to agricultural use.[3]

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known



  • 365th Fighter Group

    365th Fighter Group

    The Group moved to England in December 1943 as part of the Ninth Air Force. Flying P-47s, the Group took part in missions over northern France designed to weaken Germany's ability to repulse the planned Allied invasion of summer 1944. After the...


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  • Carrol Barnard

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 365th Fighter Group

  • Edward Baw

    Military | Captain | 365th Fighter Group

  • Norman Beaman

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 365th Fighter Group

  • Fermin Bennett

    Military | Corporal (5th Grade) | 365th Fighter Group

  • Arthur Bessette

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Aircraft Mechanic | 365th Fighter Group

  • Maurice Bigger

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Aircraft Mechanic | 365th Fighter Group

  • Michael Brendel

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | 365th Fighter Group

  • Homer Bulard

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter Pilot | 365th Fighter Group

  • Ignacio Casares

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | 365th Fighter Group

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Date Contributor Update
26 December 2020 00:00:28 466thHistorian Created entry with name, number, known as, latitude, longitude, usaaf from date, usaaf to date, construction date, closure date and history