Skip to main content
Edit entry 

Stanbridge Earls

Military site : non-airfield

Detailed history

Stanbridge Earls was the first Rest Home opened by the USAAF. It was a large, historic, country house and estate located a mile and a half north west of Romsey in Hampshire.
For USAAF combat air crews in the UK, home leave was impossible. So the doctors responsible for their well-being believed the next best thing would be Rest Homes, using the tranquillity, comfort and freedom from military routine achievable at English country houses or hotels.
Aircrew could, at least once during their tour, come for a week away from the horrors of war. After which it was hoped they would return to their units, refreshed.
At the rest home, they were provided with civilian clothes. Uniforms only appeared for the evening dinner. Air Service Command supplied an administrative commanding officer, an adjutant and enlisted helpers. A Medical Officer, rotated each week from operational units, provided any necessary emergency care or medical advice.
American Red Cross girls acted as hostesses, supervising the recreation and dining. The American Red Cross also employed and managed the civilian staff needed to run the house and maintain the grounds.
Stanbridge Earls was set up to accommodate 30 officers and was allocated to men from the 1st Air Division, until the end of the war in Europe
In September 1952, it became a residential, co-educational, special needs school but closed in September 2013.

English Heritage's record description

Not yet known



  • James Baird

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars
    James D. Baird enlisted in the Army Air Corps on 15 Mar 1941 at MacDill Field in Florida before the US entered WWII. He flew 24 missions with the 91st Bomb Group before being promoted to Captain. Baird transferred to the 92nd Bomb Group on August 4,...

  • Joseph Berman

    Military | Second Lieutenant | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

  • Edward Brodnax

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars
    On 28 June 1943, on a mission to St. Nazaire, Edward Brodnax was flying B-17 #42-5724 'Thunderbird / Marnita No. 2' when it was hit by heavy, accurate flak. The aircraft went down in the English Channel and Brodnax died. There were only 2 survivors who...

  • James Bullock

    Military | Captain | Navigator | 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars

  • Edward Nebinger

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Fighter Pilot | 356th Fighter Group
    Ed Nebinger was a Second Lieutenant at 19 years of age. He served as fighter pilot with the 360th Fighter Squadron of the 356th Fighter Group, flying missions from Martlesham Heath, England. Along with the other officers, he lived nearby in Playford...

  • Montimore Schwayder

    Military | Captain | Flight Surgeon
    Dr Monty - as his colleagues and patients called him - served with the 66th FW throughout their time in Europe. Born in San Francisco in 1912 he died in Denver in 1996, leaving behind him a record of medical achievement primarily as a surgeon. He...


Date Contributor Update
01 March 2015 19:42:18 MikeO Changes to history

Modification of entry

Date Contributor Update
01 March 2015 19:39:43 MikeO Created entry with name, number, latitude, longitude, usaaf from date, usaaf to date and history

Report to the Surgeon, HQ USAAF, 11 Dec 1944. "Flak Houses then and now; Thomas; After the Battle