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Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial

Cemetery

Detailed history

The Lorraine American Cemetery and Memorial is the largest Second World War American cemetery in Europe. Located near Saint-Avold in France, the site holds the remains of 10, 489 military dead. Most of the headstones belong to servicemen who perished advancing towards the Rhine in Autumn 1944. Another 444 names are honoured on the Wall of Missing. A large memorial overlooks the headstones, with maps and narrative outlining the Rhine advance and other military activities.

The 80th Infantry Division liberated the region in November 1944 and temporary cemetery was established in March 1945, close to the modern site. The modern, permanent site was selected for its improved location, it was designed by Murphy and Locraft and landscaped by Allyn R Jennings. It was dedicated in 1960. The Lorraine American Cemetery is owned and maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission.

http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/lorraine-american-cemetery

Connections

People

  • Clayton Abraham

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bomber pilot | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 573BS, 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) bombing mission to Ahrweiler, Germany. Shot down by Fw190's 3 miles East of Ahrweiler. Last seen dropping behind formation with both engines smoking, gear down, going into spin, crashed....

  • Jack Agee

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 401st Bomb Group
    On 27 Jan 1944, while taxiing after landing from a training flight, the landing gear switch of B-17G #42-31414 was placed in the up position instead of the flap switch. RTD. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. ...

  • Carl Alfred

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Carl was from Atwater, Ohio, and was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group, 336th Squadron from 12 July 1944 to 16 April 1945. While strafing Praha Airfield in Czechoslovakia his plane was hit by flak, went into a shallow dive, and exploded upon impact. ...

  • Corwin Alspach

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 100th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 349BS, 100BG, 8AF USAAF. Chas Petersen crew. Failed to Return Abbeville mission in B-17 43-37591; collided with another aircraft 5-Jun-44. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 538. Awards: PH.

  • Bruce Anderson

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 489th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 844BS, 489BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Mainz, Germany. Mid air collision with B-24 42-94913, both A/C fell out of the sky. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 9636. Awards: AM, PH.

  • Eldred Andruss

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 10 x combat missions. Flew Kassel raid 28-July, lost control cables on B-17 42-29974 by flak damage. Crash landed in B-17 42-5822 at Norfolk RAF base returning crew with 4 crew members wounded. Failed to Return (FTR...

  • Emil Berry

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 704BS, 446BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ludwigshaven in B-24 42-52467 'Hula Wahine II' 31-7-44; shot down by flak and crashed at Dudweiler. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 7747 Awards: AM, PH.

  • J Black

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 401st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 615BS, 401BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 28-May-44 in B-17 42-97073. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 5311. Awards: PH

  • Donald Bourlier

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 303rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 427BS, 303BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Merseburg, aboard B-17G 43-38705 murdered by German civilians near Frankleben, according Swiss Red Cross report. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 11199. Awards: AM (2OLC), PH.

  • Francis Boyd

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio operator | 391st Bomb Group
    Assigned to 391BG, 9AF USAAF. Transferred to 1st PFF Sqn(Prov), 9AF USAAF. Shot down by fighters leading 397BG to Ahrweiler, Germany in B-26 44-67881. Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 15984. Awards: PH.

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Buried or commemorated

  • Carl Alfred

    Military | Captain | Fighter Pilot | 4th Fighter Group
    Carl was from Atwater, Ohio, and was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group, 336th Squadron from 12 July 1944 to 16 April 1945. While strafing Praha Airfield in Czechoslovakia his plane was hit by flak, went into a shallow dive, and exploded upon impact. ...

  • Corwin Alspach

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 100th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 349BS, 100BG, 8AF USAAF. Chas Petersen crew. Failed to Return Abbeville mission in B-17 43-37591; collided with another aircraft 5-Jun-44. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 538. Awards: PH.

  • Bruce Anderson

    Military | Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 489th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 844BS, 489BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Mainz, Germany. Mid air collision with B-24 42-94913, both A/C fell out of the sky. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 9636. Awards: AM, PH.

  • Eldred Andruss

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 379th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 525BS, 379BG, 8AF USAAF. 10 x combat missions. Flew Kassel raid 28-July, lost control cables on B-17 42-29974 by flak damage. Crash landed in B-17 42-5822 at Norfolk RAF base returning crew with 4 crew members wounded. Failed to Return (FTR...

  • Franklin Baier

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 94th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 410BS, 94BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Munich in B-17 42-37968 'Little Audrey' 18-Mar-44; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 3418 Awards: AM (OLC), PH.

  • Milton Ervin

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 398th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 602BS, 398BG, 8AF USAAF. Shot down 11-Apr-45 in B-17 43-38664. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 13868 Awards: PH.

  • Howard Feldman

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator, Navigator; Bombardier | 398th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 602BS, 398BG, 8AF USAAF. 26 x combat missions. Failed to Return (FTR) Pilsen in B-17 42-97266 25-Apr-45; hit by flak over target area. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 14224 Awards: AM (3OLC), PH.

  • Eugene Gallup

    Military | Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 392nd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 578BS, 392BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) mission to Leipheim, due to mechanical failure, B-24 41-28688 could not maintain formation or altitude. Baled out around Freiburg. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 4362. Awards: PH.

  • Anthony Greco

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    Tail gunner, Wilson, A crew. Assigned to 534BS, 381BG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ludwigshaffen in B-17 42-3078 'Winsome Winn'. Mission #58 to the IG Farben plant at Ludwigshafen, Germany. Damaged by flak, the a/c fell behind and was attacked by...

  • Edward Jones

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 456th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 744BS, 456BG, 15 AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Shell Oil Refinery, Budapest 2-Jul-44; attacked and mauled by Fw190‘s. Pilot signalled to abandon the crippled plane, A/C exploded. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 6439 ...

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Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 September 2014 13:31:15 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and person associations
Sources

Official Website: http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/lorraine-american-cemetery

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