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Florence American Cemetery and Memorial

Cemetery

Detailed history

The Florence American Cemetery and Memorial lies outside the city of Florence in Italy. The site contains the headstones of 4,402 military dead, many who fell after the capture of Rome in June 1944 and fighting in the Apennines Mountains late in the War. A further 1,409 names are commemorated on the Wall of Missing. A chapel memorial and map also honour the dead and outline the American campaign across Rome and the Alps.

The region was liberated in 1944 by the South African 6th Armoured Division, and shortly after the area was transferred to the Fifth Army. Following the end of the War, nearby temporary cemeteries were determined to be unsuitable and the site of the Florence American Cemetery, near the Greve River was chosen. The site represents 39 percent of fallen personnel from the Fifth Army who died fighting around Rome and in the Alps. The cemetery was designed by McKim, Mead and White and landscaped by Clarke and Rapuano, it was dedicated in 1960. The Florence American Cemetery is owned and maintained by the American Battle Monuments Commission.

http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/florence-american-cemetery

Connections

People

  • Addison Baker

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Commanding Officer 93rd Bomb Group - B-24 Command Pilot | 93rd Bomb Group
    Lieutenant Colonel Addison Baker was the Commanding Officer of the 93rd Bomb Group from May 17, 1943. He was killed in action (KIA) over Ploesti during Operation Tidal Wave on 1 August, 1943. ...

  • Robert Brown

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Pilot | 376th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 515BS, 376BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Sofia, Bulgaria 20-Dec-43 with Bob Brown crew; Collided with out of control ME109, ripping wing from A/C. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 1592 Awards: AM, PH.

  • John Carroll

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 93rd Bomb Group
    TSgt. John Carrol was killed in action (KIA) on Operation Tidal Wave onboard the B-24D Liberator, Hell's Wench, 42-40994. ...

  • Alexander Cochrane

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 98th Bomb Group
    Flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, the B-24 was shot up pretty bad, and upon landing somewhere in Europe, caught fire with 6 members of the former DOPEY CREW: Gooden, Perkins, McNeil, Beaudry, Cox, and Cochrane, losing their lives." MACR 170...

  • Nelson Collins

    Military | Flight Officer | Observer | 93rd Bomb Group
    Assigned to 330BS, 93BG, 8AF USAAF. TDY to 9th AF for Ploesti raid. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti in B-24 41-24121 'Let er Rip' 1-Aug-43 Killed in Action (KIA) Awards: DFC, PH.

  • Norman Cope

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist gunner | 464th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 778BS, 464BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Lugo, Italy in B-24 44-49710; A/C suffered direct flak hit on a 'milk run'. Starboard wing collapsing between engines; crashed Lugo, Italy 10-Apr-45, Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 13711. ...

  • Roland Cox

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 98th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 343BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Flew on 1st Aug 43 Ploesti oil refinery raid, the B-24 was shot up pretty bad, and upon landing somewhere in Europe, caught fire with 6 members of the former DOPEY CREW: Gooden, Perkins, McNeil, Beaudry, Cox, and...

  • Stanley Darling

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Engineer | 301st Bomb Group
    Assigned 32BS, 301BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Wiener Neudorf 26-Jul-44 hit by enemy aircraft, crashed Perin; Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 7141. Awards: AM, PH.

  • Lawrence Dickson

    Military | Captain | Fighter pilot | 332nd Fighter Group
    Assigned to 100FS, 332FG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) recon mission to Praha (Prague), Czechoslovakia, engine failure prompted bale out Killed in Action (KIA). 23-Dec-44 MACR 10734. ...

  • John Dore

    Military | First Lieutenant | B-24 Command Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Lt. John J. Dore, Jr. was assigned as Command Pilot to the 345th Bomb Squadron, the 98th Bomb Group, in the 9th Air Force, USAAF. B-24D, 42-40102, Old Baldy. The airplane and crew were lost near their target at Ploesti, Romania, shot down by flak and...

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Buried or commemorated

  • James Gilson

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Pilot | 464th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 778BS, 464BG, 15AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Lugo, Italy in B-24 44-49710; A/C suffered direct flak hit on a 'milk run'. Starboard wing collapsing between engines; crashed Lugo, Italy 10-Apr-45, Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 13711. ...

  • Paul Loenneke

    Military | Staff Sergeant (3rd Grade) | Radio Operator/Gunner | 340th Bomb Group

  • Stanley Olson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. 24 x combat missions. ...

  • Robert Spoonamore

    Military | Technical Sergeant (2nd Grade) | Flight Engineer | 340th Bomb Group

  • Stanley Tulin

    Military | Sergeant (Technician Fourth Grade) | Aerial Gunner | 340th Bomb Group

Aircraft

  • 42-30500

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 11/6/43; Gore 13/6/43; Rapid City 20/6/43; Geiger 22/6/43; Gr Isle 30/6/43; Dow Fd 18/7/43; Assigned 20BS/2BG Massicault 17/8/43; Bizerte 1/12/43; {13m} transferred 885BS (TD at Maison Blanche, Alg); Missing in Action secret mission...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
30 September 2014 09:34:49 Emily Created entry with name, known as, latitude, longitude, history and aircraft associations
Sources

Official Website: http://www.abmc.gov/cemeteries-memorials/europe/florence-american-cemetery

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