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Henry William Brown


Henry W Brown was the highest scoring Ace of the 355th Fighter Group and its second most decorated pilot. He joined the 355th in November 1943 and became an Ace in April 1944, during a mission where he claimed three aerial victories and saved two Mustangs by disrupting a formation of BF 109s on their tail, despite his lack of ammo. In October 1944 Brown made a forced landing behind enemy lines, his commanding Officer Chuck Lenfest landed his P-51 Mustang in an attempt to save Brown, but his aircraft became bogged down in soft ground and both were taken prisoner of war.

Following the War, Brown stayed with the US Air Force, he was appointed head of the F-111 program at Nellis Air Force Base in 1967, and later commanded the 48th Tactical Fighter Wing. In Vietnam he was appointed deputy Director of Operations for the 7th Air Force. He retired as Colonel in 1972.

Flight C. O. with 354th FS/ Shot down on 3 Oct 44 after being hit by flak, belly landed; hid in trees but did not see fellow fighter pilot that landed to pick him up. Taken Prisoner of War (POW) on 3 Oct 44, till end of war. His Plane had no name painted on it but was to have been 'The Hun Hunter Texas' same name as his original plane.

Awards: DSC, DFC(4 OLC), SS, AM(18 OLC), Croix de Guerre, PH, POW, WWII Victory, EAME.

14.2 Aerial (+3 damaged), 14.5 Ground (+10 damaged)



  • Carl DeSieno

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Aircraft Engineering Officer | 355th Fighter Group

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Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force

    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 355th Fighter Group

    355th Fighter Group

    Where the 353rd Fighter Group had pioneered ground strafing techniques, it was the 355th Fighter Group who destroyed more enemy aircraft by ground strafing than any other Eighth Air Force Group. Based at Steeple Morden from July 1943 to July 1945, the...

  • 354th Fighter Squadron


  • 44-13305

    P-51 Mustang

  • 42-106448 'The Hun Hunter / Texas'

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 354FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred War Weary to 555FTS, 496FTG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred War Weary to 1st Scouting Force. Destroyed in Mid Air Collision with RAF Stirling Nr Sandy, pilot Lt Thomas W Kiley Killed in Training Accident KITA,...

  • 42-74703 'Baby'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 354FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 514FS, 406FG, 9AF USAAF.

Associated Place

  • Steeple Morden

    Military site : airfield
    Originally used from 1940 as a small, grass airfield, satellite for nearby RAF Bassingbourn, Steeple Morden was allocated to the Eighth Air Force in August 1942 as a potential bomber base. It was used briefly by the 3rd Photographic Group during the...

  • Stalag Luft III

    Other location


Event Location Date
Born Dallas, Texas 25 January 1923
Enlisted Fort Worth, TX, USA December 1941
Crashed Augusta Regional Airport, 1501 Aviation Way, Augusta, GA 30906, USA 13 January 1943

Taxiing Accident 12 Mi SW Bush Field, GA Cat 1 F/O Henry W Brown, 13-Jan-43.

BT-13A 41-21765

Completed flight training Spence Airport-MUL, Mitchell Blvd, Moultrie, GA 31788, USA March 1943

Graduated flight training
Spence AAF, GA

Based Steeple Morden 12 September 1943 – 3 October 1944

Assigned to 354FS, 355FG, 8AF USAAF.

Promotion Steeple Morden, Royston SG8, UK 1944

Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.

Promotion Steeple Morden, Royston SG8, UK 9 May 1944

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

End Tour Duty (ETD) England, UK 21 May 1944

Ended Tour Duty (ETD).

Promotion Steeple Morden, Royston SG8, UK August 1944

Promoted to Captain.

Prisoner of War Zagan, Poland 3 October 1944 – May 1945

Prisoner of War (POW). Stalag Luft III.

Belly landed / flak damaged Nördlingen, Germany 3 October 1944

After being hit by flak attacking Nordlingen A/D, belly landed 3-Oct-44. POW.

Crashed Eglin AFB, FL 32542, USA 30 November 1954

Ground Accident Eglin AFB, FL Cat 1 damage Capt Henry W Brown, 30-Nov-54.

T-33A 51-4047

Retired Sumter, SC, USA 1974

As Colonel



Date Contributor Update
24 June 2018 06:05:21 davidrogers Changes to awards and events

Date Contributor Update
15 May 2017 17:28:51 Al_Skiff Changes to nickname, service number, role, biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations

Date Contributor Update
15 October 2015 04:14:14 caviggia Changes to highest rank

Date Contributor Update
18 February 2015 16:24:27 general ira snapsorter Changes to media associations

Associated image.

Date Contributor Update
07 October 2014 14:38:58 Emily Changes to nickname, service number, biography, awards, events, place associations, aircraft associations and media associations

Freeman, The Mighty Eighth, p. 279.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:12:48 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Fighter Aces of the U. S. A. and Mustang Aces of the Eighth Air Force; Who's Who in the Eighth Air Force and/or Biographical Directory Command & Staff Officers Eighth Air Force 1942-45 MACR 9261