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Gerald Emerson Montgomery


Major Montgomery was a native of Dallas, Texas, when he entered the Air Corps. After gaining his wings he was assigned to the 4th Fighter Group, 334th Squadron on 15 May 1943. He remained in that squadron until the end of the war. At the end of his first tour he earned a leave to the states, having destroyed 11 enemy aircraft. His first plane, a P-47 Thunderbolt, was named "Texas". Upon return from his leave he was assigned a P-51 Mustang, which he promptly named " Sizzlin Liz". He soon was named Squadron Operations Officer. He continued to knock out enemy aircraft and eventually had 14.5 to his credit when the war ended.
By the end of January 1944, the 334th had destroyed 48 enemy aircraft. A pool of £30 was collected from from the pilots, to be paid to the one who destroyed the 50th plane for the squadron. On 10 February a support mission was flown to Brunswick, Germany.
An aggressive group of Me-109s and Fw-190s attacked and were engaged by the Group. Three pilots from the 334th squadron (Lt Thomas Biel, Major Gerald Montgomery, and Captain Victor France) each scored one enemy aircraft shot down with no way of determining which one got the 50th. To resolve the situation each of the three received £10.
Two months later Lieutenant Biel was shot down and killed. In March, Captain France, while chasing a 109, hit the ground; his plane exploded and he was killed. Major Montgomery was the only one of the three to have survived the war.
He is believed to have been killed in action during the Korean War. He was listed as Missing In Action until May 2004, when a marker was placed in Arlington National Cemetery with full military honours and a fly-by.
KIA has Deputy Wing Commander 136th FBW while based at Taegu Airfield (K-2) S. Korea. He was flying F-84E s/n 50-1169 when he was shot down by flak over N.Korea on March 3, 1952.


Units served with

  • 334th Fighter Squadron

    334th Fighter Squadron

    The 334th Fighter Squadron was the successor to No. 71 Eagle squadron of the Royal Air Force when the 4th Fighter Group was activated on 12 September 1942. They were based at Debden Field, Essex. The "Fighting Eagles" as they were called, flew...


  • 42-106846

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Failed to Return [FTR]. Reported shot down by the Germans in Northern France, aircraft crashing near Aumont. Pilot Lt Richard Bopp POW. MACR 5726.

  • 44-14119 "Sizzlin' Liz"

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Personal aircraft of Major Gerald Montgomery. Lost strafing Locomotives near Chemnitz, after pulling up from run, was shot down by Bf109, crashing in flames. 21-Nov-44. Lt Carmeno J Delnero KIA. MACR 10537.

  • 42-7980 'Texas'

    P-47 Thunderbolt
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF.

  • 44-72382 "Sizzlin' Liz"

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF.

  • 44-15326 "Sizzlin' Liz"

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 334FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Transferred to 77FS, 20FG, 8AF USAAF.

Associated Place

  • Debden

    Military site : airfield
    RAF Debden, construction of which began in 1935, is perhaps most famous as a Battle of Britain fighter airfield, partly responsible for the defence of London in 1940. In 1942 it was also home to three RAF 'Eagle Squadrons’ of volunteer American pilots...


Event Location Date
Born Raton, NM 87740, USA 10 July 1922
Assigned Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 13 May 1943 – July 1945

Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 5 December 1943

Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 28 January 1944

Promoted to 1st Lieutenant.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 2 May 1944

Promoted to Captain.

Promoted Debden, Saffron Walden, Essex CB11, UK 22 February 1945

Promoted to Major.

Missing in Action, declared KIA 2/23/1953 North Korea 3 March 1952

Shot down on a strafing mission in an F-84E Thunderjet just off the coast of North Korea. Was last seen standing in shallow water near his chute waving his arms. Killed in Action.

Buried 1953

Marker placed at Arlington Cemetery in his name.

Lived in Dallas, TX, USA


Date Contributor Update
17 September 2017 21:07:34 fugari Changes to role, biography and awards

JCook Photo Collection & Archives

Date Contributor Update
22 March 2016 12:36:10 Al_Skiff Changes to nickname, highest rank, biography, awards, events, unit associations and aircraft associations

Date Contributor Update
20 March 2016 21:08:15 gaprescott Changes to middlename, nickname and events

I am Gerald Emerson Montgomery's youngest daughter.

Date Contributor Update
02 April 2015 21:10:22 apollo11 Changes to middlename

Personal research & 'The Debden Eagles' by Garry L. Fry.

Date Contributor Update
06 March 2015 19:08:51 apollo11 Changes to middlename, highest rank, role, biography, awards, events and place associations

Personal research & 'Eighty-One Aces of the 4th Fighter Group' by Frank Speer.

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:11:21 AAM AAM ingest

'1000 Destroyed' by Capt. Grover C. Hall, Jr. / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Ted Damick, VIII Fighter Command pilots list