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Charles David Hill Jr

Military

He flew on the Lt. Earl Tunnel crew. Joined the 306th Bomb Group in Jun-42. He was in the lead plane as waist gunner on the first Wilhelmshaven, Germany mission 27-Jan-43, with Gen. Frank A. Armstrong. Shot down 6-Mar-943 in B-17 42-5378, 367BS, 306BG, 8th AF as Waist Gunner. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so pilots continued mission toward the submarine pens at Lorient, France. According to Strong, Fighters attacked as this plane was was dropping back due to the earlier oil leak and the fact this Group was in the low Squadron. When engine 4 quit, bailout was ordered. Charles Hill spent 6 months at the Stalag 9C German Hospital in Bad Sulza, Germany. He was then interned at Stalag Luft 3 in Sagan/Zagan (Silesia, now Poland). Force-marched from there in late Jan-45, he ended up at Stalag 7A, Moosburg, Germany. Liberated there by US troops on 29-Apr-45. Prisoner of War (POW)

Service

People

  • Robert Biggs

    Military | First Lieutenant | Co-Pilot | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F 42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Co-Pilot. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so pilots continued mission toward the submarine pens at Lorient,...

  • Meyer Etkin

    Military | First Lieutenant | Navigator | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Killed in Action (KIA). Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F #42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Navigator. Plane had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so pilots continued mission toward the submarine...

  • Andrew Friedrich

    Military | Major | Bombardier | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F #42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Bombardier. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so pilots continued mission toward the submarine pens at Lorient,...

  • Charles Kirby

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F 4#2-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Engineer/Top Turret Gunner. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so the pilots continued their mission toward the...

  • Ernest Maynard

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Killed in Action (KIA). Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F #42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Waist Gunner. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so the pilots continued their mission...

  • Robert Siavage

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    He was assigned to the Earl C. Tunnell crew. He flew the first raid to Germany (Wilhelmshaven) on 27 January 1943 with Col. Frank A. Armstrong. ...

  • George Tracy

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Killed in Action (KIA). Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F #42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Ball Turret Gunner. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so the pilots continued their...

  • Earl Tunnell

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Shot down 6 March 1943 in B-17F #42-5378, 306BG/367BS while serving as Pilot. The aircraft had developed an oil leak in no. 3 engine over the Channel, but oil pressure stayed steady so the pilots continued their mission toward the submarine pens at...

  • Donald Tunstall

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers
    Donald Tunstall flew on the Earl C. Tunnell crew. He flew the first raid to Germany (Wilhelmshaven) on 27 January 1943 with Col. Frank A. Armstrong. ...

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Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

    Group
    Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat,...

  • 367th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 42-5378

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17F-50-BO 42-5378 was delivered at Tulsa 26-Nov-42; New Castle 11-Dec-42; Assigned 367BS/306BG [GY- ] Thurleigh 1-Jan-43. Missing in Action on the 6 March 1943 mission to bomb the U-Boat pens at Lorient, France. The aircraft came under heavy fighter...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 31

    27 January 1943
    First successful attack by 8th Air Force into Germany. The 306th Bomb Group gets the distinction of being the first American Bomb Group to drop bombs on Germany. O Original target was Vegesack but clouded over. Col. Frank Armstrong lead the group. Two...

  • VIII Bomber Command 40

    6 March 1943
    German U-boats continue to attack convoys headed fro Great Britain in the North Atlantic with good success. Many of the U-boat packs operate from St. Nazaire, Lorient and Brest, France, so destroying harbour facilities at these locations remain a...

Associated Place

  • Thurleigh

    Military site : airfield
    Built for RAF use in 1941-42, Thurleigh was initially used by RAF Bomber Command before being handed over to the Eighth Air Force. Its runways and hardstandings were improved, and the B-17s of the 306th Bomb Group began using the base. It was their...

  • Stalag Luft III

    Other location

  • Stalag VII-A

    Other location

  • Dulag Luft 12

    Other location

Events

Event Location Date
Born Germania, Potter County, Pennsylvania, United State 21 June 1921

Son of Charles and Genevieve Hill.

Enlisted Baltimore, MD 19 January 1942

Baltimore, Maryland

Shot down Lorient, France 6 March 1943

Shot down on B-17 42-5378. Landed in parachute near Lorient.

In hospital Bad Sulza, Germany 6 March 1943 – September 1943

POW in German Hospital at Stalag 9C

Prisoner of War (POW) Zagan, Poland September 1943 – May 1945

Interned at Stalag Luft 3 in Sagan/Zagan, Poland. Force-marched from there and ended up in Stalag 7A in Moosburg, Germany. Liberated there by US troops on 29 April 1945. NARA WWII POW record : “Returned to Military Control 8 May 1945.”

Discharged USAAF September 1945

Honourable discharge.

Died Towson Maryland 9 January 2019

Chuck was pre-deceased by his wife Peggy (she died in 2004) and is survived by two sons, David, and his wife Linda and Dennis, and his wife Maureen, six grandchildren and 11 great grandchildren

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
23 September 2021 19:59:20 Al_Skiff Changes to biography, awards, events, unit associations and place associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/540740906
https://www.fold3.com/record/83763130/charles-d-hill-jr-wwii-army-enlist...
https://www.ruckfuneral.com/obituary/charles-david-hill
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/195976481/charles-david-hill

Date Contributor Update
24 August 2020 14:57:00 ED-BB Changes to middlename, biography, events, person associations and mission associations
Sources

NARA WWII Enlistment records
WWII Draft card
Pages 40 and 41 at https://catalog.archives.gov/id/142694377 (NARA)
Page 31 of AV 51/43 at https://catalog.archives.gov/id/18238537 (NARA)
NARA WWII POW records

Date Contributor Update
02 August 2020 20:35:08 decwriter Changes to awards
Sources

NARA records verified AM w/1 OLC.

Date Contributor Update
10 January 2019 20:15:07 RayWells Changes to events
Sources

http://www.ruckfuneral.com/obituary/charles-david-hill?fbclid=IwAR26vU7e...

Date Contributor Update
30 July 2015 19:29:38 Lee8thbuff Changes to biography, awards, events and place associations
Sources

Lee Cunningham 30-Jul-2015. Made connections to Place within existing website data; Added decoration and POW event at Stalag Luft 3 per National Archives Records Administration (NARA) WWII POW database; Edited Summary Biography with A/C model letter and Unit association and crew position per "Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces", Stan Bishop & John A. Hey MBE.

Date Contributor Update
16 March 2015 17:53:51 Tom Changes to events, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

Added information from caption. Associated aircraft, mission and created biography entries. Stalag information was sourced from http://www.wartimememories.co.uk/pow/stalag9c.html
http://www.wartimememories.co.uk/pow/stalag7a.html
http://www.b24.net/pow/stalag17.htm

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:05:32 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

306th BG Association Directory, 1 September 1999 Edition; Roll of Honor, Losses of the 8th & 9th AFs Vol. I by Bishop & Hey p. 89, First Over Germany by Russell Strong pp. 65 & 73-4, NARA, / Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / http://www.306bg.org/crewphotos/Crew%20Pictures%20Adam-Rector/Crew%20Pic...

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