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Norman Mathew Whalen

Military

Norman Whalen joined the Army Air Corps in 1941. After graduating from Navigator School in Monroe, Louisiana, he received his commission as a Second Lieutenant and was assigned to the 9th Air force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bombing Squadron in North Africa where he flew numerous combat missions, including Operation Tidal Wave, the famous low level B-24 bombing raid over the oil refineries in Ploesti, Romania, August 1, 1943.

Lt. Whalen normally flew as navigator and nose gunner on Lt. John Young's B-24D, "Kickapoo", but he and his crew were specially chosen by, and assigned to fly with, Col. John R. Kane on his plane, "Hail Columbia", for the raid on Ploesti. This proved fortunate for Lt. Whalen, Lt. John Young, and the rest of "Kickapoo" 's regular crew because the "Kickapoo" lost several engines in succession and crashed in flames just after takeoff for the Ploesti mission, killing all but two of the replacement crewmen. Having already escaped death once on the mission, Whalen, and his crew's odds for survival looked even worse as they approached and began their final low level run into their target, the Astra Romano Refinery at Ploesti. As Whalen saw the walls of smoke and flames, the heavy anti aircraft ground fire, and the explosions and fierce fires that "Hail Columbia" was approaching and, then, began flying through, nearing their target refineries, and as his plane began to be hit by the terrible anti- aircraft guns, he thought and later wrote, "I thought I was going to die. I thought we all were all going to die ! I never thought we would ever get out of there alive."

For flying as Col. John Kane's group lead navigator navigator, and also for his bravery and exceptional navigational skill on the Ploesti mission, for successfully plotting courses to Ploesti and, then, for navigating "Hail Columbia" and a group of other damaged B-24s safely out of Romania and all the way back south to the British airfield on the Greek Island of Cyprus, Norman Whalen was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross medal and the Distinguished Flying Cross.

After his 36th combat mission, Lt. Whalen was assigned to Mountain Home Air Field, Idaho, where he trained cadets in flight navigation until September 1944. At that time, he requested reassignment back to the 98th Bomb Group, and he flew an additional 39 bombing raids with his original unit. Whalen's combat medals include the Distinguished Service Cross, the Distinguished Flying Cross, and the Air Medal with 11 bronze oak leaf clusters and 2 silver oak leaf clusters.

In 1945 Norman Whalen, also known as "The Baron", was the subject of a short story about his extraordinary navigation disciplines and skills, especially coming home from Ploesti, in the "Air Force" magazine article about the Ploesti mission, "He Brought Us Home", written by his pilot, Capt. John S. Young. Major Whalen was honorably discharged from The U.S. Army Air Corps in 1946 with the rank of Major. Whalen returned home to Denton Texas, and taught at North Texas University for many years. --- He died Feb. 27, 2008.

Service

People

  • Neville Benson

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 98th Bomb Group
    SSgt. Neville C. Bensen took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943. He was a waist gunner in the Element Lead B-24D Liberator, # 41-11825, 'Hail Columbia', piloted by Col. John R. "Killer" Kane and Lt. John S. Young. He...

  • Gilbert Hadley

    Military | First Lieutenant | B-24D Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    First Lieutenant Gilbert Benny Hadley was a B-24D Liberator bomber pilot with the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, "The Pyramiders", and the 344th Bombing Squadron, from Texas, based at Cairo, Egypt, Tobruk, and Benghazi, Libya, in the Mediterranean...

  • Raymond Hubbard

    Military | First Lieutenant | Radio Operator | 98th Bomb Group
    Lt. Raymond B. Hubbard was assigned to the 9th Air force, the 98th Bombardment Group, and the 344th Bombing Squadron in Libya, North Africa, 1943. He took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying as a Waist Gunner and...

  • Lloyd Hughes

    Military | Second Lieutenant | B-24 Command Pilot | 389th Bomb Group
    Lloyd Herbert Hughes Jr., better known to his friends, as "Pete," flew his fifth mission, as pilot of a B-24 Liberator bomber in an attack against the Axis oil refineries in Ploesti, Romania. He was killed August 1, 1943 when his plane was severely...

  • John Kane

    Military | Colonel | Commanding Officer, Command Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    John Riley Kane (January 5, 1907 – May 29, 1996) was a colonel in the United States Army Air Corps and later the United States Air Force. He received the U.S. military's highest decoration, the Congressional Medal of Honor in World War II, for his...

  • Harold Korger

    Military | Colonel | Bombardier Navigator | 98th Bomb Group
    Lt. Harold Korger was a bombardier in the 344th Bombardment Squadron, 98th Bomb Group, 9th Air Force. He flew on the famous mission, Operation Tidal Wave, Aug 1, 1943, to knock out the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. ...

  • Joseph LaBranche

    Military | Sergeant | Gunner | 98th Bomb Group
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying in B-24 Liberator 41-11825.

  • Frederick Leard

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Right Waist Gunner | 98th Bomb Group
    Technical Sgt. Frederick A. Leard was a waist gunner assigned to the Element Lead B-24D Liberator bomber, named 'Hail Columbia', SN # 41-11825, flown by Col. John R. "Killer" Kane and Lt. John S. Young on Operation Tidal Wave, the large mission to...

  • Royden LeBrecht

    Military | Captain | B-24 Command Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Lt. Royden Louis LeBrecht was a B-24D command pilot in the 9th Air force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bomb Squadron. He flew his B-24D, he named 'The Squaw' on Operation Tidal Wave, the large mission to destroy the German held oil refineries at...

  • Samuel Neeley

    Military | First Lieutenant | B-24D Command Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    Pilot Lt. Samual Neeley was a B-24 Bomber pilot in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in WWII. He served in the 9th Air force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th bomb Squadron in North Africa, flying bombing and strafing missions, mostly against...

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Units served with

  • 9th Air Force
  • 98th Bomb Group

    98th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 98th trained for bombardment missions with B-24 Liberators during the first half of 1942. ...

  • 344th Bomb Squadron

    344th Bomb Squadron

    Squadron
    The 344th Bombing Squadron was first activated at MacDill Field, Florida as one of the original three squadrons assigned to the 98th Bombardment Group. The 344th soon moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana, where it began to train as a Consolidated B-24...

Aircraft

  • 42-40402 THE SANDMAN

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, named, THE SANDMAN, was flown by Lt. Robert Sternfels in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 345th Bomb Squadron, on Operation Tidal Wave, the famous mission to destroy the German held oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. SANDMAN...

  • 41-24198 'THE VULGAR VIRGIN' - 'Hell From Heaven' - 'Shoot You're Faded'

    B-24 Liberator
    - Not to be confused with #42-40608, 'THE VULGAR VIRGIN' of the 8th Air Force - 93rd Bomb Group - 328th Bomb Squadron - It also flew on the Ploesti mission, piloted by Lt. Claude Turner - Interned Turkey Aug 1, 1943 - Lt. Turner escaped from the...

  • 41-24311 'Hadley's Harem'

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, named 'Hadley's Harem' was Lt. Gilbert Hadley's personal airplane and the one he flew on the mission to destroy Hitler's oil refineries at Ploesti Romania in 1943. ...

  • 41-11825 HAIL COLUMBIA, LITTLE CHIEF-BIG DOG, GRUMPY, HAIL COLUMBIA

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, HAIL COLUMBIA, #41-11825, originally served in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bombing Squadron. It was, first, the 344th Squadron's CO, Col. John R. Kane's, personal aircraft until Kane became the 98th Bomb Group's CO...

  • 41-11768 Kickapoo

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D Liberator, SN # 41-11768, 'KICKAPOO', was piloted by Lt. John S. Young from Dallas, Texas as part of the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, and the 344th Bombing Squadron, which arrived in North Africa in early 1943. This airplane was...

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57 B...

Associated Place

  • Mellaha

    Military site : airfield

  • Berca

    Military site : airfield

Events

Event Location Date

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 August 2020 20:37:02 decwriter Changes to service number
Sources

NARA file verified officer number.

Date Contributor Update
23 May 2019 12:44:22 Kickapoo Changes to place associations
Sources

Findagrave ---- Into The Fire - Duane Schultz ---- Black Sunday - Michael Hill

Date Contributor Update
02 March 2019 09:14:02 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Air Force Magazine - "He Brought Us Home" - by Capt. John S. Young

Date Contributor Update
02 March 2019 08:49:03 Kickapoo Changes to role and biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Air Force Magazine - "He Brought Us Home" - by Capt. John S. Young

Date Contributor Update
02 March 2019 08:24:35 Kickapoo Changes to unit associations and place associations
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill ---- Air Force Magazine - "He Brought Us Home" - by Capt. John S. Young

Date Contributor Update
02 March 2019 08:19:14 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill Air Force Magazine - "He Brought Us Home" - by Capt. John S. Young

Date Contributor Update
16 October 2018 02:15:51 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Black Sunday - Michael Hill Find A Grave

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2018 08:16:10 Kickapoo Changes to media associations
Sources

Find A Grave

Date Contributor Update
31 August 2018 07:49:28 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Find A Grave - Norman M. Whelan

Date Contributor Update
06 March 2018 07:40:18 Kickapoo Changes to biography
Sources

Operation Tidal Wave

Date Contributor Update
14 January 2018 05:48:57 Kickapoo Created entry with surname, middlename, firstname, nickname, nationality, highest rank, role, biography, person associations, unit associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

www.liberalarts.txstate.edu/about/news/anthropologynews - Dr. Norman M. Whalen - College of Liberal Arts - Texas State University

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