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John Crawbuck

Military

LWG, Larson crew. Original member of the Tucker crew. Member of the Hagarty crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'The Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft IV.
Brooklyn, NY
Credited with one German fighter damaged on 29 July 1943 and one damaged on 27 September 1943.
The 1st Bomb Wing/381st BG did not hear the recall while over the continent. 180 out of 700 bombers continued the mission without fighter cover. The 381st BG earned its second Distinguished Unit Citation.

Service

People

  • Milton Copeland

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Ball Turret Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    BTG, Larson crew. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of War at Stalag XVIIB. ...

  • Ross Defenbaugh

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Left Waist Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    LWG, Larson, A crew. Replacement for a sick crew member. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'The Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Killed in...

  • Daniel Hagarty

    Military | Flying Officer | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Dan Hagarty from Los Angeles CA served his initial combat assignment as F/O and Co-Pilot in the original 381st Bomb Group's Capt. Ohl Crew and later got his own crew. Subsequently as a pilot with the 78th Fighter Group, he was shot down on 12 May 1944...

  • Austin Larson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Pilot, Larson, A crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down on 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'The Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft I. ...

  • Horace Neff

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 381st Bomb Group
    Navigator, Larson crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 175. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft I. ...

  • Edwin Nix

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner; Flight Engineer | 381st Bomb Group
    ETTG, Larson crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of War. ...

  • George Regan

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Bombardier | 381st Bomb Group
    Bombardier, Larson crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Possibly taken to a German field hospital...

  • Michael Trainor

    Military | Sergeant | Radio Operator | 381st Bomb Group
    Radio operator, Larson crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of War at Stalag Luft XVIIb. ...

  • Alan Tucker

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 381st Bomb Group
    Pilot, Tucker, A crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Completed 25 missions. The aircraft #42-38004 "Ol' Man Tucker" was named after him. The aircraft was lost 19 April 1944 with the Rayburn crew on a mission to Eschwege, Germany.

  • Alex Williams

    Military | Sergeant | Tail Gunner | 381st Bomb Group
    TG, Larson crew. Original member of the Mickow crew. 381st BG, 534th BS, 8th AF. Shot down on 11 January 1944 in B-17 #42-3118 'Green Hornet'. Mission #59 to the aircraft factories at Oschersleben, Germany. Struck by an ME109. MACR 1875. Prisoner of...

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Units served with

  • 381st Bomb Group

    381st Bomb Group

    Group
    The 381st Bomb Group flew B-17 Flying Fortresses from Ridgewell, Essex between June 1943 and April 1945. The Group was awarded two Distinguished Unit Citations, the first for bombing shipyards at Bremen, whilst under heavy attack, on 8 October 1943 and...

  • 534th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 42-29832 - Our Mom - Spirit of A Nation

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Production-block: ...

  • 42-29958 Battlin' Bombsprayer

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 17/3/43; Pueblo 8/4/43; Smoky Hill 7/5/43; Dow Fd 21/5/43; Assigned 534BS/381BG [GD-J] Ridgewell 24/5/43 with Alan Tucker, Earl Muchway, Dave Harris, Dick Rylands, Chas Raglin, Bill Savage, Jim Klingenberger, John Willdredge, Grover...

  • 42-30732

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 21/7/43; Geiger 6/8/43; Pendleton 7/8/43; crash landed Prestwick, Scotland with Eugene Boyd 13/9/43; Assigned 534BS/381BG [GD-B] Ridgewell 26/9/43; 7m on non-op ferry trip with personnel to Lt Staughton Depot 3/2/42, with Harold...

  • 42-3118 Daisy June, Shack Rabbit, The Green Hornet

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 27/2/43; Presque Is 8/4/43; Assigned 339BS/96BG [QJ-A] Thurleigh 16/4/43 DAISY JUNE; transferred 413BS SHACK RABBIT; transferred 534BS/381BG [GD-N] Ridgewell 6/7/43; Missing in Action 14m Oschersleben 11/1/44 with Austin Larson, Co...

  • 42-3220 Damfino

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 1/4/43; Dow Fd 23/5/43; Assigned 535BS/381BG [MS-M] Ridgewell 28/5/43 with Harry Smith, Sam Hawkins, John Noonan, Lloyd Gwinn, Harry Blake, Judd Lischke, Tony Sylvester, John Jupin, John Elsberry, Julius Cosby; Missing in Action 9+m...

  • 42-5845 Whale Tail II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Long Beach 17/3/43; Pueblo 10/4/43; Smoky Hill 7/5/43; Dow Fd 24/5/43; Assigned 534BS/381BG [GD-A] Ridgewell 25/5/43 with Capt Dave Kunkel Sq CO, Capt George Shackley Ops off, Elton Jukes assistant Ops off, Paul Stull eng off, Bill Dailey S-2...

Missions

  • VIII Bomber Command 75

    24 July 1943
    Three targets in Norway are the primary targets for this first mission flown by 8th AIr Force to Norway. They are the nitrate works at Heroya and the port areas at Trondheim and Bergen. The first element is a combined force of 180 B-17s from: 91BG (22)...

  • VIII Bomber Command 78

    28 July 1943
    The German aircraft industry at Kassel (Fieseler works) and Oscherleben, Germany are the primary targets of this mission. 182 B-17s from: 91BG (20); 92BG (17); 303BG (20); 305BG (21); 306BG (24); 351BG (21); 379BG (19); 381BG (20); and 384BG (20) are...

  • VIII Bomber Command 79

    29 July 1943
    The primary targets for this mission are the port facilities at Kiel, Germany and the Heinkel aircraft factories at Warnemunde, Germany. A combined force of 168 B-17s from: 91BG (18); 92BG (14 these included 1 Y-B40 gunship); 305BG (19); 306BG (18);...

  • VIII Bomber Command 82

    15 August 1943
    German airfields in Holland and France are the targets for this mission. All of the attacks were made late in the afternoon just prior to sunset. The mission is composed of two elements. The first element is a combined force of 180 B-17s from: 91BG (20...

  • VIII Bomber Command 83

    16 August 1943
    This mission consists of two elements of B-17s despatched to bomb the German airfields of Le Bourget (Paris), Poix and Abbeville, France. The first element is a combined force of 180 B-17s from: 91BG (21); 92BG (17); 303BG (20); 305BG (20); 306BG (20);...

  • VIII Bomber Command 84

    17 August 1943
    The mission flown on 17-Aug-43, the 1st anniversary of the 1st mission flown by the 8th Air Force, is probably the most written about mission of the war. This is the famous Schweinfurt/Regensburg mission on which 60 B-17s are lost. It has been dubbed ...

  • VIII Bomber Command 86

    24 August 1943
    The 8th Air Force is intent on dishing out some "pay back" to the Luftwaffe for the toll it took on bombers of the 17-Aug-43 mission to Schweinfurt/Regensburg. So, This mission has three attack elements and a diversion element. The attack elements are...

  • VIII Bomber Command 88

    31 August 1943
    This mission is composed of two elements. The first element is composed of 170 B-17s from: 91BG (16); 92BG (19); 303BG (20); 305BG (18); 306BG (18); 351BG (21); 379BG (21); 381BG (19); and 384BG (18). The primary target for this element is German...

  • VIII Bomber Command 89

    2 September 1943
    This mission was composed of five elements. The first element was combined force 55 B-17s despatched from: 92BG; 305BG, and 306BG to bomb German airfields in NW France. The mission is recalled due to weather and the bombers return without dropping...

  • VIII Bomber Command 90

    3 September 1943
    German airfields in France and the Caudron-Renault works at Paris are the targets for this mission. The mission is composed of three elements. The first element is a combined force of 168 B-17s from: 91BG (14); 351BG (19); 381BG (22); 92BG (19); 305BG ...

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Associated Place

  • Ridgewell

    Military site : airfield
    Built during 1941-42 as an RAF bomber station, Ridgewell operated as a satellite to RAF Stradishall until May 1943. It had three concrete runways, initially 36 pan hardstandings, and two dispersed T2 hangars. Taken over by the Eighth Air Force in June...

  • Stalag Luft IV

    Other location

Events

Event Location Date
Born Brooklyn, NY, USA 14 December 1922
Based July 143 – 11 January 1944

Tucker crew
Hagarty crew
Larson crew

Prisoner of War 11 January 1944

Stalag Luft IV

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
08 February 2018 03:46:14 ARowe95 Changes to role, biography, events, person associations, unit associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

ARowe95

Date Contributor Update
31 December 2017 03:40:00 ARowe95 Changes to service number, role, biography, awards, events, person associations, place associations, aircraft associations and mission associations
Sources

ARowe95

Date Contributor Update
15 December 2017 03:15:50 ARowe95 Created entry with surname, firstname, nationality, highest rank, role, biography, person associations, unit associations, place associations and mission associations
Sources

ARowe95

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