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William N Anderson

Military

Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF.

Flew on 1-Aug-43 raid on Ploesti in B-24 42-40172 earning his DSC for his actions.

Flew as Command pilot on mission to V-1 sites at Agathe d' Aliermont, France 21-Jan-44; A/C hit by flak, Major Anderson was mortally wounded in the back and legs and succumbed to his wounds before the A/C reached the UK. Killed in Action (KIA). MACR 8714

Awards: DSC, DFC, AM (3OLC), PH, EAME (2 battle stars).

DSC Citation: Major (Air Corps) William N. Anderson, United States Army Air Forces, was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a B-24 Heavy Bomber in the 506th Bombardment Squadron, 44th Bombardment Group (H), NINTH Air Force (Attached), while participating in a bombing mission on 1 August 1943, against the Ploesti Oil Refineries in Rumania. During a long and hazardous attack against a vital enemy oil installation made at low-altitude by a formation of B-24 type aircraft, Major Anderson flew through heavy enemy fire against impossible odds, and then brought his crew safely back to base without the loss of a single man. The personal courage and zealous devotion to duty displayed by Major Anderson on this occasion, even when confronted with practically certain destruction, exemplified the highest traditions of the military service and reflects great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.

General Orders: Headquarters, Ninth U.S. Army Air Force, General Orders No. 90 (1943)

Service

People

  • Ronald Allen

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Navigator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. Took part in Operation 'Tidal Wave', the raid on Ploesti on 1-Aug-43, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172 'Lynn Bari II'. ...

  • Oscar Ferkauff

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Armorer; Waist Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. Took part in Operation 'Tidal Wave', the raid on Ploesti on 1-Aug-43, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172 'Lynn Bari II'. ...

  • Walter Goodson

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Flight Engineer; Top Turret Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. Took part in Operation 'Tidal Wave', the raid on Ploesti on 1-Aug-43, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172 Lynn Bari II. ...

  • George Hartney

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. ETD Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Allie Hearne

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Radio Operator | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. Took part in Operation 'Tidal Wave', the raid on Ploesti on 1-Aug-43, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172 Lynn Bari II. ...

  • Victor McMenamin

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Attached to 9AF USAAF, TDY in North Africa. Took part in Operation 'Tidal Wave', the raid on Ploesti on 1-Aug-43, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172 'Lynn Bari II'. ...

  • Carl Satterlund

    Military | Flight Officer | Co-pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172.

  • Henry Scott

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Took part in Operation Tidal Wave, the raid on Ploesti on 1 August 1943, flying B-24 Liberator 42-40172.

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Units served with

  • 8th Air Force

    8th Air Force


    Eighth Air Force Bomber Command became the Eighth Air Force on February 1944, it oversaw bombardment of strategic targets in Europe until 1945. ...

  • 9th Air Force
  • 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs

    Group
    The 44th Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated 15-January-1942 at McDill Field, Florida and equipped with B-24Cs. The Group moved to Barksdale Field, Louisiana and acted as a training unit for the 90th 93rd and 98th Bomb Groups and flew anti...

  • 506th Bomb Squadron
  • 67th Bomb Squadron

Aircraft

  • 42-40172 Lynn Bari II

    B-24 Liberator
    Flown on the August 1, 1943 low-level Ploesti mission returning safely to Libya. ...

  • 42-99970 'Liberty Belle'

    B-24 Liberator
    Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF. Hit by flak on mission to V-1 sites at Agathe d' Aliermont, France on 21-Jan-44. Flak hit in bomb bay, nose turret, ball turret, starboard wing and taking out #1 & 2 engines leaving #3 on fire. 3 x crew baled out over...

Missions

  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B-24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57...

  • 8th Air Force 187

    21 January 1944
    This mission is directed at 36 V-Weapon sites (34 in the Pas-de-Calaise area and 2 in the Chrebourg area of France) 24 of these are bombed successfully. All three Bomb Divisions participate in the attacks and the bomber gunners claimed 5-1-2 of...

Associated Place

  • Shipdham

    Military site : airfield
    Shipdham was built in 1941-1942, the first US heavy bomber airfield in the English county of Norfolk. It was a standard design, with T2-type hangars and a domestic site dispersed to the south east. Improvements were carried out to increase the number...

Events

Event Location Date
Born Taylorsville, Illinois 29 April 1918
Enlisted East Saint Louis, IL 11 September 1940

He enlisted in the USAAC at East Saint Louis, IL, on 11-Sep-40, as an Aviation Cadet.

Lived in Christian County, IL 1942

Christian County, IL.

Based Shipdham 1943 – 1944

Assigned to 506BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF.

Based Shipdham 1944 – 21 January 1944

Assigned to 67BS, 44BG, 8AF USAAF.

Killed in action Boulogne, France 21 January 1944

Flew as Command pilot on mission to V-1 sites at Agathe d' Aliermont, France 21-Jan-44; A/C hit by flak, Major Anderson was mortally wounded, succumbed to wounds. KIA. MACR 8714

Buried 22 January 1944

Interred
Cambridge American Cemetery

Buried Oak Hill Cemetery, Chicago, IL 1948

Re-Interred
Oak Hill Cemetery
Taylorville,
Christian County, IL

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
29 January 2020 22:06:04 jmoore43 Changes to unit associations
Sources

Added a unit connection to the 9th AF.

Date Contributor Update
29 January 2020 22:04:00 jmoore43 Changes to awards
Sources

Added the awards mentioned in the "Summary biography" section.

Date Contributor Update
06 December 2019 14:58:24 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography and events
Sources

Ploesti Sortie Reports, 44th Bomb Group

Date Contributor Update
07 April 2019 20:57:22 Al_Skiff Changes to service number, biography, events, unit associations, place associations and mission associations
Sources

https://www.fold3.com/image/310762471?rec=299311501
https://www.fold3.com/record/84366209-william-n-anderson
http://www.militaryhallofhonor.com/honoree-record.php?id=311572
We Were Eagles Volume Two: The Eighth Air Force at War December 1943 to May 1944 By Martin W. Bowman
https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/125536448/william-n_-anderson

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:28:32 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Ploesti by Dugan & Stewart, 8th AF Losses, MACR 8714

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