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Robert J Landry


From January 1943, men of the 303rd Bombardment Group modified steel flak helmets to enable them to be worn directly over flying helmets fitted with earphones. 1st Lieutenant Robert Landry, wrote in 1997, "(this) flak helmet was worn on 32 missions (B-17's) over Germany. Sometimes sat on instead of worn on the head when flak was heavy as Bombardier position in the nose had very little protection from flak coming up from below."

An example of the helmet is held in the collections of the Imperial War Museum.


Units served with

  • 303rd Bomb Group

    303rd Bomb Group

    The 303rd Bombardment Group (Heavy) was activated on 3-Feb-1942 at Pendleton Field, Oregon. They assembled at Gowen Field, Idaho on 11-February 1942 where it conducted flight training until 12-Jun-1942. The Group then moved to Alamogordo Field, New...

  • 427th Bomb Squadron


  • 42-102411 'Miss Lace'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Cheyenne 1/3/44; Hunter 21/3/44; Grenier 10/4/44; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-Y/P] Molesworth 30/4/44; battle damaged Berlin 18/3/45 with ?; force landed continent; Salvaged 28/3/45. MISS LACE.

  • 42-102432 Tiny Angel

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 5/3/44; Kearney 22/3/44; Presque Is 4/4/44; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-U] Molesworth 12/4/44; Missing in Action Handorf, Ger 15/8/44 with Harry Cook, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Joe Slight (shot in air), Waist gunner: Jesse...

  • 42-107099

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 21/2/44; Gr Island 3/3/44; Grenier 23/3/44; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-W] Molesworth 30/4/44; Missing in Action Germersheim 13/1/45 with Capt Martin McGinnis, Fred Doscher, Dick Emick (3 Killed in Action); Sam Simone, Bob Lyons, Keith...

  • 42-29795 'THE FLYING BITCH'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 19/2/43; Will Rogers 5/3/43; Assigned 368BS/306BG Thurleigh 20/4/43; transferred 427BS/303BG [GN-O] Molesworth 25/9/43; 1 Base Air Depot, Burtonwood 5/4/44, an F-model fitted with a chin turret; Returned to the USA 29/5/44;...

  • 42-31060 Pogue Ma Hone

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    B-17G #42-31060 was delivered to Cheyenne 11/9/43; Assigned to the 427th Bomb Squadron of the 303rd Bomb Group [GN-N] and arrived at Molesworth on 18 October 1943. It was nicknamed "Poque Ma Hone" or POGUE-MA-HONE. (Gaelic for Kiss My Ass!) ...

  • 42-31200 Old Crow aka The Bad Penny

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 2/10/43; Gr Island 31/10/43; Long Beach 25/11/43; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-V] Molesworth 1/1/44; Missing in Action 937m) Paris 28/6/44 with Stan Wardowski, Navigator: Warren Birnbaum, Tail gunner: Don Wagner (3 Killed in Action); Co...

  • 42-31423 Jigger Rooche / Kraut Killer

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 2/11/43; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-M] Molesworth 14/1/44. ...

  • 42-3158 Max

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 6/3/43; Morrison 31/3/43; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-Y] Molesworth 2/6/43; Missing in Action Hanover 29/4/44 with Jim Fisher, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: Gus Johnson[body recovered from lake 20/5/44] (2 Prisoner of War); Co-pilot:...

  • 42-31929

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 7/1/44; Gr Island 15/1/44; Presque Is 21/2/44; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-R] Molesworth 1/3/44; Missing in Action Pas de Calais 26/3/44 with Chas Mars, Co-pilot: Bill Dallas, Navigator: George Arvanites, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-32027 'Betty Jane'

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 18/1/44; Gr Island 31/1/44; Assigned 427BS/303BG [GN-E] Molesworth 1/3/44; Missing in Action Gera Oil Inst 19/9/44 with Carl Heleen (KIA-chute failed); Co-pilot: Stan Davidson, Navigator: Frank Hodenius, Bombardier: Grover Cummings,...

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  • 8th Air Force 178

    7 January 1944
    The industrial areas of Ludwigshaven, Germany are the primary target for this mission. The formation has three elements. The bomber gunners of the entire force claim 30-6-17 of attacking German aircraft. ...

  • 8th Air Force 198

    29 January 1944
    The primary target for this mission was the railroad marshalling yards and industrial areas of Frankfurt, Germany. A combined force of 863 heavy bombers were despatched in three elements to make the attack. The combined bomber gunner claims on enemy...

  • 8th Air Force 206

    3 February 1944
    The port area and Naval facilities at Wilhelmshaven, Germany was the primary target for this mission. 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Bomb Divisions all participated. ...

  • 8th Air Force 228 BIG WEEK - DAY 2

    21 February 1944
    Day 2 of BIG WEEK is another maximum effort by 8th Air Force to bomb 6 airfields in Germany as primary targets: Diepholz, Gütersloh, Lippstadt, Werl, Achmer and Handorf. In addition the industrial areas of Brunswick city are included as a primary...

  • 8th Air Force 230 BIG WEEK - DAY 3

    22 February 1944
    The German aircraft industry is again targeted in Day 3 of BIG WEEK. A combined total od 789 bombers (maximum effort) are dispatched from 1st 2nd and 3rd Air Divisions. Fighter opposition is heavy and bomber losses in 1st Air Division are massive - 39...

  • 8th Air Force 250

    6 March 1944
    The industrial areas of Berlin and Genshagen, Germany are the primary targets for this mission. A combined force of 730 heavy bombers are despatched from 1st, 2nd and 3rd Air Divisions. The despatch from 3rd Air Division bombs Targets of Opportunity in...

  • 8th Air Force 252

    8 March 1944
    The VKF ballbearing factory at Berlin/Erkner is the primary target for 623 heavy bombers despatched by all three Air Divisions. Fighter opposition and anti-aircraft fire are intense. There are so many formation attacking that some divert to other...

  • 8th Air Force 273

    22 March 1944
    The German aviation industries at Oraneinburg and Basdorf were the intended primary target for this mission but dense cloud cover prevented the attack on these targets. The secondary target of Berlin, Germany and surrounding Targets of Opportunity (TOs...

  • 8th Air Force 275

    23 March 1944
    The industrial areas of Brunswick, Munster, Osnabruck, and Achmer, Germany as well as the airfield at Handorf, Germany become the targets for a force of 768 heavy bombers despatched by all three Air Divisions. The bomber gunner claims on German...

  • 8th Air Force 277

    24 March 1944
    This mission is composed of two elements, one from 1st Air Division and the other from 2nd Air Division. A total of 436 hevay bombers are despatched. The primary target for 1st Air Division is the the ball bearing plants at Schweifurt, Germany. 2nd Air...

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Associated Place

  • Molesworth

    Military site : airfield
    Molesworth was one of the early stations used by the Eighth Air Force in the UK, first occupied by the 15th Bomb Squadron’s Douglas Bostons in June 1942. Built in 1940 and extended and improved in 1942, Molesworth is most associated with the 303rd...


Event Location Date


Date Contributor Update
17 November 2021 11:46:18 general ira snapsorter Changes to aircraft associations and mission associations

Date Contributor Update
10 November 2021 15:33:18 general ira snapsorter Changes to biography

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:23:37 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia /