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Robert E Courtney


Assigned to 343BS, 98BG, 9AF USAAF. Failed to Return (FTR) Ploesti raid in B-24 42-40364 'Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs'; shot down near the Yugoslavia/Bulgaria border by enemy fighters during withdrawal from the target. Killed in Action (KIA) MACR 165

Awards: DFC, AM (3OLC), PH, ACM, EAME w/2 campaign stars



  • James Gunn

    Military | Captain | B-24 Command Pilot | 98th Bomb Group
    ~ Capt. James A. Gunn, Jr, was Killed In Action (KIA) on the bombing mission over the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania, in his B-24D, 42-40364. 1 Aug, 43. ...

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Units served with

  • 98th Bomb Group

    98th Bomb Group

    The 98th trained for bombardment missions with B-24 Liberators during the first half of 1942. ...

  • 343rd Bomb Squadron

    343rd Bomb Squadron

    Established as a B-24 Liberator heavy bomb squadron and trained by Third Air Force. Deployed to Egypt in June 1942 over South Atlantic Transport Route transiting from Morrison Field, Florida though the Caribbean to Brazil; performed trans-Atlantic...


  • 42-40364 - The Pink Elephant - Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs

    B-24 Liberator
    The B-24D, The Pink Elephant, 42-40364, was in the 9th Air Force, the 98th Bomb Group, "The Pyramiders", and the 343rd Bomb Squadron. First named, The Pink Elephant, 42-40364, was the second B-24D, that was later renamed, Snow White and the Seven...


  • Operation Tidal Wave

    1 August 1943
    Operation TIDAL WAVE. B-24D Liberators attack the oil refineries at Ploesti, Romania. The bombers flew low to avoid radar detection and dropped time delayed bombs. Out of the 177 B-24s that took part in the raid 167 managed to attack their targets. 57...

Associated Place


Event Location Date
Born South Dakota 1917
Lived in Spokane, WA, USA 1941
Enlisted Geiger Field, Spokane, WA 23 January 1942

Entered service from Geiger Field Spokane, WA.

Died Macedonia (FYROM) 1 August 1943
Buried 12 July 1949

Arlington National Cemetery
Arlington, Virginia
Grave 107, Section 15


Date Contributor Update
26 March 2022 19:12:15 decwriter Changes to biography and awards

Updated awards and data in bio section.

Date Contributor Update
01 April 2021 18:30:11 Al_Skiff Changes to service number, biography, events, unit associations and place associations

Date Contributor Update
04 July 2020 14:39:35 decwriter Changes to mission associations

KIA during Operation Tidal Wave.

Date Contributor Update
04 July 2020 14:37:44 decwriter Changes to service number and events

NARA verified ASN upon entry.

Date Contributor Update
04 July 2020 13:49:10 decwriter Changes to awards

NARA file verified awards.

Date Contributor Update
15 June 2020 01:09:04 jmoore43 Changes to biography

Added a "-" to the A/C serial # in the "Summary biography" to aid clarity & consistency.

Date Contributor Update
21 January 2019 14:31:38 decwriter Changes to events

Updated biography information.

Date Contributor Update
22 February 2018 00:45:35 decwriter Changes to service number


Date Contributor Update
09 February 2018 12:01:43 decwriter Changes to awards

Awarded Distinguished Flying Cross for his actions on the 1 Aug 1943 Ploesti raid.

Date Contributor Update
07 February 2018 11:48:47 Lucy May Changes to highest rank, biography, events and unit associations

Re-checked MACR 165:

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:23:13 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 165