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John C Morgan


John Morgan served as a co-pilot with the 482nd Bomb Group. On 26 July 1943, he flew damaged B-17 #42-29802 back to base after pilot was seriously injured and aircraft was badly damaged. For over 2 hours he flew it one handed because he had to hold the pilot up off the controls.

On 6 March 1944, he was flying B-17F #42-3491 'Chopstick-G George' when the aircraft was shot down by heavy flak just prior to the target of Klein Machnow, Berlin. He was taken as a Prisoner of War (POW) and held in Stalag Luft I for 14 months.

John "Red" Morgan was the only Medal of Honor recipient to become a POW after receiving the Medal.

The character of Lt. Jesse Bishop in the movie Twelve O'Clock High was based upon Morgan.

MOH/ POW/Air Medal



  • Louis Dentoni

    Military | Captain | Group Bombardier | 385th Bomb Group
    August 17, 1943 - Hospitalized in Africa. #42-30187 'Lulu Belle' B-17 piloted by Preston Piper was hit by flak and shot. Dentoni and navigator Lt. Paul Schultz manned waist guns as tail gunner had been injured. ...

  • Alfred Rabo

    Military | Lieutenant Colonel | Squadron Commander, Pilot | 305th Bomb Group Can Do
    Rabo is best known for nicknaming H2X radar 'Mickey Mouse' ...

  • Russell Wilson

    Military | Brigadier General | Command Pilot, Combat Observer, Aircraft Observer
    In April 1943, Wilson was appointed Wing Executive Officer of the 4th Combat Bomb Wing was commanding officer of the 4th Combat Bomb Wing, based at Elveden Hall. In this capacity by July 1943 he had completed 5 combat missions over occupied Europe. ...

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Units served with

  • 482nd Bomb Group

    482nd Bomb Group

    The 482nd Bomb Group was a Pathfinder Group, which using radar-equipped aircraft to support bombing missions until March 1944. Aircraft from this Group went ahead of other Bombers and sent information back about the best routes to take and the extent...

  • 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few

    The 92nd Group sometime after arrivial in the UK converted to the role of in-theater combat crew indocrination and training. For this role, the Group traded its B-17F complement and obtained the B-17E, mostly from the 97th BG which was departing for...

  • 326th Bomb Squadron
  • 812th Bomb Squadron
  • 813th Bomb Squadron


  • 42-29802 RUTHIE II

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 20/2/43; Tinker 10/3/43; Duncan 31/3/43; Assigned 326BS/92BG [JW-C] Alconbury 3/4/43; mission to Hamburg 26/7/43 with Bob Campbell [severely WIA], Co-pilot: John Morgan, Navigator: Keith Koske, Bombardier: Asa Irwin, Flight engineer...

  • 42-3491 Chopstick-G George

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 11/7/43; Grenier 18/8/43; Assigned 812BS/482BG [MI-G] Alconbury 20/8/43 (H2-X); Missing in Action Berlin 6/3/44 with Maj Fred Rabo, Co-pilot: John Morgan, Ball turret gunner: Bill Westcott, Waist gunner: Steve Keaton (4 Prisoner of War...

Associated Place

  • Alconbury

    Military site : airfield
    Alconbury had been constructed as a satellite airfield for RAF Upwood and Wyton and was used by RAF Squadrons: Nos. 15, 40 and 156. In preparation for the arrival of American heavy bombers, the base was developed in 1942 with the runways extended. When...


Event Location Date
Born Vernon, Texas 24 August 1924
Prisoner of War (POW) Germany 6 March 1944

Stalag Luft 3 Sagan-Silesia Bavaria (Moved to Nuremberg-Langwasser) 49-11


Date Contributor Update
13 June 2021 23:26:52 McMike Changes to biography

M.W. McKendry Research

Date Contributor Update
09 January 2020 20:54:58 jmoore43 Changes to service number

Added S/N from POW records at the National Archives,

Date Contributor Update
09 January 2020 20:52:58 jmoore43 Changes to awards and events

Added the awards mentioned in the "Summary biography". Added S/N and POW camp info from POW records at the National Archives.

Date Contributor Update
13 January 2017 15:31:52 Lucy May Changes to biography and media associations

Brought in information from duplicate record. Sources:
Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / MACR 3362, Losses of the 8th & 9th Air Forces & page 28 in HISTORY OF THE OPERATIONAL PERIOD OF THE 482nd BOMBARDMENT GROUP, D790.G482.M6, 1944 & page 641 of MEDAL OF HONOR Congressional Report book, UB433.A54 1968

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:15:47 AAM AAM ingest

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Freeman, MOH Citation