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8th Air Force 482 Fighter Escort

19 July 1944

Official description

731 fighters, operating in 19 separate units, support the Heavy bombers; 8 of these units afterwards strafe ground targets, including parked aircraft, locomotives and rolling stock, and road vehicles....

7 fighters are lost.... and the fighters claim 17 destroyed in aerial combat and 39 on the ground.

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1. Höllriegelskreuth / Lechfeld / Augsburg

Description

Fighter Escort for B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 1st Bomb Division bombing Hollsriegelskreuth, Lechfeld and Ausgburg

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

P-47 Thunderbolt - 73
P-51 Mustang - 198

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 271
Number of aircraft Effective 224
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 4
Number of people Missing In Action 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 17
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Fighter Command 0
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 4

2. Koblenz

Description

48 P-47 Thunderbolts provide Fighter Escort to B-24 Liberators of the 2nd Bomb Division attacking Koblenz

Aircraft type

P-47 Thunderbolt

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 48
Number of aircraft Effective 44

3. Strasbourg

Description

Fighters provide escort to B-24 Liberators of the 2nd Bomb Division attacking Strasbourg

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

P-38 Lightning- 96
P-47 Thunderbolt- 48
P-51 Mustang- 100

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 244
Number of aircraft Effective 217
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of people Missing In Action 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 18
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Fighter Command 0
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 5

4. Ebelsbach / Schweinfurt

Description

Fighters provide escort to B-17 Flying Fortresses of the 3rd Bomb Division attacking Ebelsbach and Schweinfurt

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

P-38 Lightning- 48
P-47 Thunderbolt- 70
P-51 Mustang- 46

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 164
Number of aircraft Effective 153
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 1
Number of people Missing In Action 1
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 20
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Fighter Command 0
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 9

5. Saarbrücken

Description

34 P-51 Mustangs provide fighter escort to B-24 Liberators of the 3rd Bomb division attacking Saarbrücken

Aircraft type

P-51 Mustang

Notes

Not yet known

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 34
Number of aircraft Effective 32

6. Germany

Description

All Fighter Groups of VII Air Force Fighter Command provide fighter escort to heavy bombers attacking targets in Germany.

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

This was the first mission of the 55th Fighter Group after its conversion to P-51 Mustangs.

The below Fighter Groups claimed the following enemy aircraft:
4th Fighter Group- 2
352nd Fighter Group- 8
355th Fighter Group- 4

Units

  • VIII Fighter Command

    VIII Fighter Command

    Command
    VIII Fighter Command was established as VIII Interceptor Command at Selfridge Field on 2 February 1942.

Mission Statistics

Number of aircraft Sent 761
Number of aircraft Effective 670
Number of aircraft Missing In Action 7
Number of aircraft Damaged Beyond Repair 1
Number of aircraft Damaged 7
Number of people Missing In Action 7
Enemy aircraft claimed as Destroyed by Fighter Command 38
Enemy aircraft claimed as Probably Destroyed by Fighter Command 0
Enemy aircraft claimed as Damaged by Bomber Command 14

Service

People

  • Francis Grove

    Military | Major | Fighter Pilot
    Assigned to 336FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Commanding Officer 336FS 22-Sep-45 to 10-Nov-45.

  • Curtis Simpson

    Military | First Lieutenant | Fighter pilot
    Assigned to 335th Fighter Squadron, 4th Fighter Group, 8AF USAAF. Lt Curtis Simpson was forced to abort a mission to Munich on 19th July, 1944, following a glycol leak in P-51B 42-106438 landing in Switzerland and being interned [INT]. MACR 6848.

Aircraft

  • 42-106438

    P-51 Mustang
    Assigned to 335FS, 4FG, 8AF USAAF. Lost 19-Jul-44 on bomber escort to Munich, suffered glycol leak, aborted and forced landed at Ems, Switzerland pilot Lt Curtis Simpson Interned. A/C was subsequently dismantled by Swiss air force mechanics and...

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2018 15:02:53 Emily Changes to event
Sources

Freeman, Mighty Eighth War Diary

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2018 14:50:01 Emily Changes to official description
Sources

Air Force Combat Chronology

Date Contributor Update
12 December 2018 14:46:52 Emily Changes to event
Sources

Roger Freeman Mighty Eighth War Diary

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:13 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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