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458

7 July 1944

Official description

Not yet known

Description

Not yet known

Mission details

1.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 22.1 T

2.

Description

BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 42.2 T

3. ASCHERSLEBEN (Primary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 203.70

4. BERNBURG (Primary)

Description

AIRCRAFT FACTORY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 256.9 T

5. Böhlen, Germany

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

3rd Bomb Division was made up of B-17 is 94th Bomb Group, 96th Bomb Group, 95th Bomb Group, 100th Bomb Group, 385th Bomb Group, 388th Bomb Group, 390th Bomb Group, 447TBomb Group, 452nd Bomb Group, 486th Bomb Group, 487th Bomb Group.

_________________________________________________________________________

The 388th furnished 25 aircraft for this mission with the target being the synthetic oil plant at Bohlen just south of Leipzig. The A Group flew as high Group in the 45th A Combat Wing and our other 5 aircraft flew as high squadron with the 452nd B Group.

19 aircraft plus 1 PFF aircraft for the A Group took-off by 0459 hours and formations were effected without difficulty.
2 aircraft plus the PFF a/c aborted for mechanical reasons. The deputy leader then took over the lead. 2 aircraft of the B Group also aborted.
The formations were about 30 minutes late in departing the English Coast. Therefore our Combat Wing did not get into its proper position. Due to the fact that the Combat Wing did not make its control points good, there was a concentration of Groups in the target area. The A Group was forced out of its bomb run by another Group and on the second bomb run the same thing happened. The lead bombardier then determined to toggle on the Group ahead with bombs away at 1003 hours from 27,000 feet. The B Group attacked the secondary target which was a synthetic oil plant at Lutzkendorf. Bombs were away at 1008 hours from 24,900 feet.
3 ME 109's were seen in the target area but did not attack. Flak was moderate in the target area.
All of our aircraft returned to base by 1256 hours.
(From The '388th At War' by Ed Huntzinger).
__________________________________________________________________________

Units

  • 3rd Bomb Division

    3rd Bomb Division

    Division
    The 3rd Bomb Division was Constituted in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 3rd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 148 T

6. GOTTINGEN (Opportunistic)

Description

MARSHALLING YARDS

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 39.2 T

7. HALLE (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 156.10

8. KOLLEDA (Opportunistic)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 82.1 T

9. KOLLEDA (Secondary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 38.7 T

10. Leipzig, Germany

Description

BALL BEARING PLANT

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

ME-109 FACTORY TARGETED: THE 384TH BOMBARDMENT GROUP (H) PROVIDED
THE HIGH GROUPS FOR THE 41ST "A" AND "B" COMBAT BOMBARDMENT WINGS ON
TODAY'S MISSION. THE "A" GROUP ENCOUNTERED LITTLE DIFFICULTY
COMPLETING THE MISSION AS BRIEFED, BUT THE STORY WAS QUITE DIFFERENT
FOR THE "B" GROUP. FOLLOWING ASSEMBLY, THE 41ST "B" CBW LEADER LED
THE FORMATION THROUGH A VERY HEAVY CLOUD LAYER, CAUSING THE FORMATION
TO DETERIORATE. ONCE CLEAR OF THE CLOUDS, FEW 384TH SHIPS WERE ABLE
TO LOCATE ANY FORMATION. THOSE WHO DID TACKED ON TO THE LOW "B" GROUP
AND BOMBED THE TARGET USING PFF. IN ADDITION, TWO OF OUR SHIPS
COLLIDED IN THE CLOUDY CONDITIONS, WITH FATAL RESULTS.

Units

  • 384th Bomb Group

    384th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 384th Bomb Group flew B-17s from Grafton Underwood, Northamptonshire, between May 1943 and June 1945. They were engaged in daylight bombing missions over Germany as part of the Allies' efforts to destroy the effectiveness of the Luftwaffe by...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 120 T

11. LEIPZIG STATION (Opportunistic)

Description

RAILROAD STATION

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 46.2 T

12. LEIPZIG/ABTNAUANDORF (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 37 T

13. LEIPZIG/HEITERBLICK (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 86.8 T

14. LEIPZIG/MOCKAU (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 193.5 T

15. LEIPZIG/TAUCHA (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes

1st Bomb Division was made up of 91st Bomb Group, 92nd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 303rd Bomb Group, 305th Bomb Group, 306th Bomb Group, 351st Bomb Group, 379th Bomb Group, 381st Bomb Group, 384th Bomb Group, 398th Bomb Group, 401st Bomb Group, 457th Bomb Group.

457th BG - MISSION NO. 83 -LEIPZIG GERMANY - 7 JULY, 1944

The mission to the Leipzig-Taucha Aero Engine Factory on 29 June had failed to achieve the desired destruction. The plant was assigned again as the target for the 45 7th Group while nineteen other combat wings were assigned important oil refineries and aircraft factories in the Leipzig region. Thirty-six planes formed the two high boxes in the 94th A and B Combat Wings. Captain Godfrey led the A box and Captain Syptak led the B box.

Near the IP, Lt. Jack B. Owens, flying an old F Model plane, was unable to transfer fuel from his Tokyo tanks, so he jettisoned his bombs and headed for home alone. He was able to reach only as far as the North Sea, where it was necessary to ditch. The sea was running high and the plane broke up when it hit. Four of the crew were lost. The remainder were picked up later by Air Sea Rescue.

The boxes in the wings took interval for a visual run on the target. There were no clouds, although some haze existed and there was a smoke screen around Leipzig. The smoke screen obscured the targets so bombing was done in the center of the smoke. Photos showed all the main buildings had received direct hits and were severely damaged. This was particularly true of the three large buildings in the open field south of the woods. One was completely destroyed and gutted by fire.

After bombing, a sharp turn to the south was made to avoid the flak guns covering the center of the city. Later, when the formation turned northwest on the return route, huge columns of smoke could be seen in the distance, coming from the Leuna and Lutzkendorf refineries, and from the aircraft factories at Bernburg and Aschersleben.

No enemy fighters were seen by the 457th, although one of the three task forces was engaged by 75 interceptors. Over a thousand planes were dispatched and only 37 failed to return. The refineries and aircraft factories had been severely damaged. Taucha would require no attention for a very considerable time.

The crew of Lt Jack B. Owens was lost on this date.

Units

  • 1st Bomb Division

    1st Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 1st Bomb Wing came under the command of the 1st Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 1st Air Division.

  • 457th Bomb Group

    457th Bomb Group

    Group
    The 457th Bomb Group began combat operations during the Big Week of 20-25 February when American bombers carried out concentrated raids against German aircraft bases, factories and assembly plants. The air crews' targets on that first mission were...

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 264.1 T

16. Lützendorf, Weimar, Germany

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

2nd Bomb Division was made up of 44th Bomb Group, 389th Bomb Group, 392nd Bomb Group, 445th Bomb Group, 453rd Bomb Group, 458th Bomb Group, 466th Bomb Group, 467th Bomb Group, 491st Bomb Group, 492nd Bomb Group. after concentrating on targets in France for most of Jun 44, the 8th Air Force once again resumes its primary mission of destroying German aircraft production and oil refineries. The Luftwaffe remains strong protecting targets inside Germany, and even with outstanding escort from American fighters the Luftwaffe takes a significant toll on American bombers in this force. The bomber gunners record their first kills since 22-Jun-44.

Units

  • 2nd Bomb Division

    2nd Bomb Division

    Division
    The groups under the command of the 2nd Bomb Wing came under the command of the 2nd Bomb Division in August 1943. In December 1944, the Division was redesginated the 2nd Air Division.

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 229.10

17. LUTZKENDORF (Secondary)

Description

AIRFIELD

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 43.4 T

18. MERSEBURG (Primary)

Description

OIL REFINERY

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 105.5 T

19. NORDHAUSEN (Opportunistic)

Description

INDUSTRIAL

Aircraft type

Not yet known

Notes

Not yet known

Mission Statistics

Tonnage dropped 17.5 T

Service

People

  • John Anderson

    Military | Lieutenant | Pilot | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Joined squad 2 June 1944. Damaged by flak on 21 July 1944 (Oberpfaffenhofen) and landed in Switzerland. Plane was B-24 Mary Harriet #42110049. Interned Switzerland. Returned to base 15 February 1945. Returned to ZOI 15 March 1945.

  • Leslie Babin

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Top Turret Gunner | 44th Bomb Group The Flying Eightballs
    Damaged by flak on 21 July 1944 (Oberpfaffenhofen) and landed in Switzerland. Pilot: Anderson, J. Plane was B-24 Mary Harriet #42110049. Interned Switzerland.

  • Thomas Barton

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group
    newly assigned May 1944

  • George Boozer

    Military | First Lieutenant | Bombardier | 388th Bomb Group
    The person with this name and birth/death dates buring at Fort Bliss National Cemetery is listed as "Master Sergeant - US Army" on his headstone. Boozer is wearing Captain's bars in his photo. This birth and death date may well be for the wrong ...

  • George Brand

    Military | Second Lieutenant | Navigator | 401st Bomb Group
    2nd Lt George C Brand flew 34 missions with the 401st Bomb Group, from 6 July 1944, mission to 30 October 1944. Brand was French, but enlisted in the US Army Air Forces,

  • Bernard Brooks

    Military | Staff Sergeant (Technician Third Grade) | Waist Gunner | 388th Bomb Group
    He flew with Pilot Lt. Ray Cambell on 'Ray's Hell' The plane crashed in England but the crew escaped. DFC, purple heart, etc

  • Thomas Brown

    Military | First Lieutenant | 447th Bomb Group

  • Rudolph Buczak

    Military | Staff Sergeant | Waist Gunner | 457th Bomb Group
    Assigned to 750BS, 457BG, 8AF USAAF. Survived ditching in B-17G 42-38063 'GI Virgin'. Awards: WWII Victory, EAME.

  • Ray Campbell

    Military | Captain | Pilot | 388th Bomb Group

  • Dean Day

    Military | Technical Sergeant | Radio Operator | 384th Bomb Group
    Assigned to the 384th Bomb Group, 545th Bomb Squadron on AAF Station 106 Special Orders #85 dated 6 May 1944, Donald W. Bagby Crew. 32 combat missions.

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Aircraft

  • 42-102442 SWISS MISS

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 3/3/44; Kearney 15/3/44; Dow Fd 4/4/44. ...

  • 42-102589

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 17/3/44; Gr Island 6/4/44; Dow Fd 28/4/44; Assigned 561BS/388BG Knettishall 30/4/44; On a local flight 9/7/44 with Doug McArthur, Co-pilot: Stamos Zades, Navigator: George Mille, Bombardier: Chas Meyer, Flight engineer/top turret...

  • 42-37788 HELL'S MESSENGER

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 28/8/43; Scott 16/9/43; Assigned 544BS/384BG Grafton Underwood 7/11/43; transferred 547BS [SO-N]; transferred to 364FG Leiston, Sfk, UK. 11/43; Returned to the USA Bradley 14/7/45; 4185 BU Independence 17/7/45; Reconstruction Finance...

  • 42-37981 Belle of the Barbary Coast

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Denver 3/11/43; Gr Island 12/11/43; Assigned 615BS/401BG [IY-P] Deenethorpe 3/12/43; Missing in Action Leipzig 7/7/44 with Jim Neill, Co-pilot: Elbert Hammond, Navigator: Alby Roddy, Flight engineer/top turret gunner: George Moore, Radio...

  • 42-50617 The Wolf Patrol

    B-24 Liberator

  • 42-97093 I'll Get By

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 28/1/44; Kearney 14/2/44; Presque Is 20/2/44; Assigned 568BS/390BG [BI-S] Framlingham 3/3/44 DOC'S FLYING CIRCUS, then GIRL OF MY DREAMS; on mission 21/7/44 with ? , Lt Sam Dubin (Killed in Action); severe icing during assembly for...

  • 43-37510

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Cheyenne 25/4/44; Kearney 10/5/44; Grenier 24/5/44; Assigned 612BS/401BG [SC-T] Deenethorpe 10/6/44; Missing in Action Cauvincourt 8/8/44 with Capt Frank Ball, Co-pilot: Lt Col Jere Maupin, Navigator: R.W. Marshall, Bombardier: W.T. Kemp,...

  • 44-6147

    B-17 Flying Fortress
    Delivered Tulsa 14/5/44; Kearney 24/5/44; Dow Fd 1/6/44; Assigned 545th Bomb Squadron, 384th Bomb Group [JD-U] Grafton Underwood on 10 June 1944; during assembly for Leipzig, a mid air collision with 42-102442 (both spares) (384BG); crashed at...

  • 42-95021 San Antonio Rose

    B-24 Liberator

Revisions

Date Contributor Update
03 June 2015 12:59:57 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Mission details added courtesy of Diane Elizabeth Reese from 457th Bomb Group Mission Documents. http://www.457thbombgroup.org/

Date Contributor Update
09 March 2015 11:14:04 general ira snapsorter Changes to event
Sources

Information sent by Dick Read relating to Arthur M. Read and the 388th Bomb Group. (From The '388th At War' by Ed Huntzinger)

Date Contributor Update
17 February 2015 00:49:39 mcordell4 Changes to event
Sources

http://www.384thbombgroup.com/_content/_pages/One384thMission.php?Missio...

Date Contributor Update
17 February 2015 00:47:25 mcordell4 Changes to person associations
Sources

http://www.384thbombgroup.com/_content/_pages/One384thMission.php?Missio...

Date Contributor Update
17 February 2015 00:46:40 mcordell4 Changes to event
Sources

Sortie Report. 1944-07-07; 384th BG Mission# 153; 8th AF Mission # 458. http://www.384thbombgroup.com/_content/_pages/One384thMission.php?Missio...

Date Contributor Update
27 September 2014 18:43:07 AAM AAM ingest
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

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