8th Air Force Intransit Depot Group

Group

Established in Liverpool in late 1942 to distribute supplies arriving by ship from the US to the UK. Previously distribution of incoming supplies was handled by the US Army's service of supply, until VIII Air Force service command pressed for the need to manage it own supplies due to the unsuitability of unskilled ground handlers.

The Intransit Depot group routed supplies directly to advanced depots and combat bases, and established further depots at Liverpool and Bristol in 1943, and the first Air intransit depot at Prestwick in April 1943.

The unit was later transferred to IX Air Force Service command, though retained its VIII Air Force designation. In support of D-Day the unit trained special beach squadrons who would activate service command operations on the landing ground, and enable supplies arriving from the UK to be distributed to the relevant combat units in Normandy. The Unit landed in France on 7 and 8 June to conduct this operation, but did not become fully operational in Normandy until 9 June, due to delays in landing supplies on Omaha beach.

Once operational, Intransit Group personnel identified and segregated cargo from Britain intended for the Air Forces, and prepared it for dispatch for forward operating areas.

The group was disbanded in August 1944, and replaced by the 1st Intransit Depot Group,

Connections

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Unit stations

Station Location Date

Based

Ascot

Based

Bishopstrow

Based

Bournemouth

Based

Crookham Common

Based

Filton

Based

Kenley

Based

Liverpool

Based

Oatlands Hill

Based

Prestwick

Based

Southampton

Based

St Austell

Based

St Mawgan

Based

St Mellons

Based

Torquay

Based

Yate

Established

Liverpool

Established

Bristol

Established

Prestwick

Other

Disbanded

Encompassing

Revisions

Date27 Sep 2014 18:42:46
ContributorAAM
Sources

Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)