306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers

Group
Official insignia of the 306th Bomb Group, approved 6 January 1943, and updated 2 October 1951.

Object Number - FRE 5112 - Official insignia of the 306th Bomb Group, approved 6 January 1943, and updated 2 October 1951.

Constituted as 306th Bombardment Group (Heavy) on 28 Jan 1942. Activated on 1 Mar 1942. Trained for combat with B-17's. Moved to England, Aug-Sep 1942, and assigned to Eighth AF Eighth Air Force in September 1942 Station 111 Thurleigh. During combat, Oct 1942-Apr 1945, they flew 342 missions of 9,614 sorties from that station dropping 22,575 tons of bombs. The Group lost 171 aircraft MIA. Operations primarily against strategic targets, striking locomotive works at Lille, railroad yards at Rouen, submarine pens at Bordeaux, shipbuilding yards at Vegesack, ball-bearing works at Schweinfurt, oil plants at Merseburg, marshalling yards at Stuttgart, a foundry at Hannover, a chemical plant at Ludwigshafen, aircraft factories at Leipzig, and other objectives on the Continent. Took part in the first penetration into Germany by heavy bombers of Eighth AF on 27 Jan 1943 by attacking U-boat yards at Wilhelmshaven. Without fighter escort and in the face of powerful opposition, the 306th completed an assault against aircraft factories in central Germany on 11 Jan 1944, being awarded a DUC for the mission. Received another DUC for action during Big Week, the intensive campaign against the German aircraft industry, 2-25 Feb 1944: although hazardous weather forced supporting elements to abandon the mission, the group effectively bombarded an aircraft assembly plant at Bernberg on 22 Feb. Often supported ground forces and attacked interdictory targets in addition to its strategic operations. Helped to prepare for the invasion of Normandy by striking airfields and marshalling yards in France, Belgium, and Germany; backed the assault on 6 Jun 1944 by raiding railroad bridges and coastal guns. Assisted ground forces during the St Lo breakthrough in Jul. Covered the airborne invasion of Holland in Sep. Helped stop the advance of German armies in the Battle of the Bulge, Dec 1944-Jan 1945, by attacking airfields and marshalling yards. Bombed enemy positions in support of the airborne assault across the Rhine in Mar 1945. Remained in the theater after V-E Day as part of United States Air Forces in Europe, and engaged in special photographic mapping duty in western Europe and North Africa. Inactivated in Germany on 25 Dec 1946.

Squadrons:
367th: 1942-1946; 1947-1952.
368th: 1942-1946; 1947-1952.
368th: 1942-1946; 1947-1952.
423d: 1942-1946.

Stations:
Gowen Field, Idaho, 1 Mar 1942
Wendover Field, Utah, c. 6 Apr-1 Aug 1942
Thurleigh, England, Sep 1942
Giebelstadt, Germany, Dec 1945
Istres, France, Feb 1946
Furstenfeldbruck, Germany, 16 Aug 1946
Lechfeld, Germany, 13 Sep-25 Dec 1946.
Andrews Field, Md, 1 Jul 1947
MacDill AFB, Fla, Aug 1948-16 Jun 1952.

Commanders:
Col Charles B Overacker Jr, c. 16 Mar 1942
Col Frank A Armstrong Jr, 3 Jan 1943
Col Claude E Putnam, 17 Feb 1943
Col George L Robinson, c. 20 Jun 1943
Col James S Sutton, Sep 1944
Col Hudson H Upham, c. 16 Apr 1945

Campaigns:
Air Offensive, Europe; Normandy; Northern France; Rhineland; Ardennes-Alsace; Central Europe.

Decorations:
Distinguished Unit Citations: Germany, 11 Jan 1944; Germany, 22 Feb 1944.

Insigne:
Shield: Per fess enhanced dancette azure and or, in base the Indian idiogram for the jaws of a rattlesnake gules. Motto: Abundance Of Strength. (Approved 6 Jan 1943.)

CLAIMS TO FAME
Oldest operational Bomb Group in the Eighth Air Force.
Stationed in England and at a single base longer than any other Group.
First 8th Air Force Bomb Group to complete 300 missions.
First 9th Air Force to bomb Germany 27-Jan-1943 Wilhelmshaven.
First airman in VIII Bomber Command to complete a tour; TSgt M. Roscovich 5-Apr-43.
367th Bomb Squadron suffered heaviest losses in VIII BD between Oct 42 and Aug 43.
Princess Elizabeth named B-17F 41-102547 "Rose of York" at Thurleigh
Medal of Honor to Sgt Maynard H. Smith 1-May-1943.

Commanding Officers

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers Headquarters (306th Bomb Group)
  • Service Numbers: O-17007
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Pilot; Commanding Officer
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 91st Bomb Group The Ragged Irregulars Headquarters (306th Bomb Group)
  • Service Numbers: O-21642
  • Highest Rank: Brigadier General
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: VIII Bomber Command 1st Bomb Division 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 97th Bomb Group
  • Service Numbers: O-17459
  • Highest Rank: Lieutenant General
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer; Pilot
Lieutenant-Colonel George L Robinson, a pilot of the 303rd Bomb Group, reads an English newspaper. Image stamped on reverse: 'Copyright Current Affairs Ltd.' [stamp], 'Passed for Publication 9 Apr 1943.' [stamp] and '257535.' [Censor no.] Printed caption on reverse: 'Lt. Colonel George L. Robinson, bomber pilot, serving with the U.S. Army Air Force in Britain finds English newspapers a little strange. Aged 30, he has been on 8 raids and holds the Air Medal and two clusters. He was in the Regular Army befo
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 359th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-22362
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer; Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 492nd Bomb Group Carpetbaggers
  • Service Numbers: O-19467
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer; Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few
  • Service Numbers: O-18122
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer; Pilot

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

Unit stations

Station Location Date

Based

Thurleigh 1942-09-07 - 1945-12-15

Encompassing

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 367th Bomb Squadron
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 423rd Bomb Squadron
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 369th Bomb Squadron
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 369th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-7360
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 367th Bomb Squadron 369th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-25903
  • Highest Rank: Major
  • Role/Job: Pilot

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 368th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Joan of Arc
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 97th Bomb Group 340th Bomb Squadron 369th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 423rd Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 367th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers 369th Bomb Squadron

Mission

Revisions

Date23 Jan 2016 01:47:32
Contributorkduggin
Sources

306th BG Historical Association

Date17 Mar 2015 20:00:01
Contributorwchoff
Sources

Wayne Tolmachoff

Date17 Mar 2015 19:58:49
Contributorwchoff
Sources

Wayne Tolmachoff

Date17 Mar 2015 19:54:34
Contributorwchoff
Sources

Wayne Tolmachoff

Date17 Mar 2015 19:54:16
Contributorwchoff
Sources

Wayne Tolmachoff

Date17 Mar 2015 17:46:47
Contributorwchoff
Sources

Wayne Tolmachoff

Date14 Nov 2014 19:29:39
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 14-Nov-2014. Minor edit to description.

Date12 Nov 2014 18:28:13
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Nov-42. Nickname to title.

Date12 Nov 2014 17:37:58
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 12-Nov-2014: Type & Type Category associated.

Date10 Nov 2014 21:43:53
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 10-Nov-2014. Citations http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/306bg.HTM

Date10 Nov 2014 21:39:57
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 10-Nov-2014: Commanding Officers, edit to Description .http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/306bg.HTM

Date10 Nov 2014 19:33:07
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 10-Nov-2014: Basic details added http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/306bg.HTM

Date27 Sep 2014 18:42:45
ContributorAAM
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / Paul Andrews, Project Bits and Pieces, 8th Air Force Roll of Honor database / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983). / Units in the UK from ETOUSA Station List, as transcribed by Lt. Col. Philip Grinton (US Army, Retired) and extracted by IWM; air division data from L.D. Underwood, based on the 8th Air Force Strength Report of 6th August 1944, as published in 'The 8th Air Force Yearbook' by Lt. Col. John H Woolnough (1980)

306th Bomb Group The Reich Wreckers: Gallery (464 items)