301st Bomb Group

Group

Object Number - UPL 21471 - 301BG

Activated 3-February-1942 at Geiger Field, Washington and equipped with B-17s. On 27-May-1942 the ground unit moved to Alamogordo Army Air Field, New Mexico, and the aircraft went to Muroc Army Air Field (now Edwards Air Force Base), California for intensive flight training until the middle of June, 1942 when they moved to Alamogordo. In early July 1942, the ground unit moved to Richmond, Virginia on on 19-Jul-1942 to Fort Dix, New Jersey in preparation for overseas movement. The air unit went to Brained Field, Connecticut then on to Westover Field, Massachusetts. The air unit began transferring to the United Kingdom on 23-July-1942 flying the northern ferry route to Prestwick, UK.

The 301st Bomb Group flew 8 missions of 104 sorties, dropped 186 tons of bombs and had 1 aircraft MIA between 5-Sep-42 and 8-Nov-42 during their tenure in the UK. The Group was assigned to the Twelfth Air Force and on 20-23 November 1942 they moved to North Africa to take up a role in the Mediterranean theater.

A year later the Group joined the Fifteenth Air Force, flying bombing missions over southern Germany from Italian bases. The Group also supported the ground invasion of southern France as part of Operation Dragoon, which commenced on 15 August 1944.

MARKINGS

After June 1943 the group would adopt the Square as a group marking along with a circle / number combination indicating the squadron. These code were:

20 Nov 42 - 1 Nov 43

12th AF / 5th BW / 301st BG / 32nd BS ( Square )( Circle-1 )
12th AF / 5th BW / 301st BG / 352nd BS ( Square )( Circle-2 )
12th AF / 5th BW / 301st BG / 353rd BS ( Square )( Circle-3 )
12th AF / 5th BW / 301st BG / 419th BS ( Square )( Circle-4 )

note: after 1 November 1943, assigned to the 15th AF

After 1 August 1944 the 301st BG identification would change. The group code would still be a Square, but now beneath the serial number, the number 4 (sometimes in a circle). the squadron codes would change to a single letter on the dorsal fillet:

After August 1944: ( Square-Y 4) ( A ) 32nd BS
After August 1944: ( Square-Y 4) ( B ) 352nd BS
After August 1944: ( Square-Y 4) ( C ) 332nd BS
After August 1944: ( Square-Y 4) ( D ) 419nd BS

The final code change would be on 1 February 1945 where the rudders and elevators would be painted green

Commanding Officers

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group
  • Highest Rank: Colonel
  • Role/Job: Commanding Officer

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

Unit stations

Station Location Date

Established

Geiger Field 3 February 1942

Based

Chelveston 9 August 1942 - 8 December 1942

Based

Podington 18 August 1942 - 2 September 1942

Based

Saint-Donat 6 March 1943 - 6 August 1943

Based

Oudna 6 August 1943 - 7 December 1943

Based

Lucera 1 February 1944

Other

Assigned 8th Air Force

Other

Assigned 12th Air Force

Other

Assigned 15th Air Force

Encompassing

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-755256
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: passenger
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: First Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: passenger

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Holey Joe
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 352nd Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 305th Bomb Group Can Do 482nd Bomb Group 92nd Bomb Group Fame's Favoured Few 325th Bomb Squadron 813th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Hells Kitchen
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Unit: 301st Bomb Group 419th Bomb Squadron
Bad Penny
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Bad Penny
  • Unit: 32nd Bomb Squadron 301st Bomb Group

Mission

  • Date: 5 September 1942
  • Official Description: 31 B-17’s bomb the locomotive depot at Rouen-Sotteville M/Y. This is largest force of Eighth AF HBs to attack to date. Almost 1/5 of the HE bombs burst within the M/Y. Because of Gen Spaatz’s convincing protests, Gen Eisenhower changes his mind...
  • Date: 6 September 1942
  • Official Description: 30 B-17’s strike Avions Potez aircraft plant at Meaulte, while a smaller force bombs 2 A/Fs near Saint Omer. 12 DB-7’s attack Abbeville/Drucat A/F. 2 B-17’s are shot down over Meaulte by ftrs, marking VIII BC’s first loss of aircraft in combat.
  • Date: 7 September 1942
  • Official Description: 7 B-17’s of 29 dispatched, ineffectively raid the Wilton shipyards at Rotterdam in bad weather. 2 HBs seek T/Os in vicinity of Utrecht. Heavy ftr opposition is successfully repulsed with bmr crews claiming 12 destroyed.
  • Date: 26 September 1942
  • Official Description: Approximately 75 HBs are dispatched to attack Cherbourg, Maupertus and Morlaix/Poryeau A/Fs and to execute diversionary sweeps. All bombers return without bombing their targets due to adverse weather.
  • Date: 2 October 1942
  • Official Description: Avions Potez aircraft factory at Meaulte is bombed by 30 B-17’s. A small group attacks Saint— Omer/Longuenesse A/F. Some 400 ftr escorts provide cover which is frequently penetrated by German ftrs. The B-17’s show remarkable defensive strength.

Revisions

Date7 Jun 2021 14:05:28
ContributorEmily
Date24 Jan 2020 11:10:23
Contributorterveurn
Sources

from 15th AF records

Date26 Apr 2016 04:56:41
Contributorram957
Sources

MACR

Date26 Apr 2016 04:54:03
Contributorram957
Sources

MACR

Date25 Nov 2014 18:14:48
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 25-Nov-2014. Added early history per http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/301bg.HTM.

Date7 Nov 2014 18:12:42
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources
Date7 Nov 2014 18:09:08
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 7-Nov-2014: Added CO. http://www.usaaf.com/8thaf/bomber/301bg.HTM

Date27 Sep 2014 18:42:44
ContributorAAM
Sources

Drawn from the records of the National Museum of the Mighty Eighth Air Force, Savannah, Georgia / The Mighty Eighth. A History of the Units, Men and Machines of the US 8th Air Force.' by Roger A. Freeman (1989). 'Air Force Combat Units of World War II' compiled by the Department of the US Air Force, edited by Maurice Maurer (1983).

301st Bomb Group: Gallery (70 items)