Roscoe Conkling Brown Sr


Object Number - UPL 25025 - Captain Roscoe C. Brown Fighter Pilot 332nd Fighter Group - 100th Fighter Squadron - 15th AF

Scored two victories, including one Me262 jet.

Tuskegee Airman. Brown was one of 1000 fighter pilots to train as a part of the segregated Army Air Corps unit at Tuskegee, Alabama. Not allowed to practice or fight with their white counterparts, the Tuskegee Airmen distinguished themselves by painting the tails of their airplanes red, which led to them becoming known as the "Red Tails." Their story was told in a 2012 movie of the same name, on which Brown was an adviser.

As commander of the 100th Fighter Squadron of the 332nd Fighter Group, he flew 68 missions during World War II and is credited as the first to shoot down one of Germany’s new state-of-the-art fighter jets while piloting his propeller driven P-51. Brown would eventually be awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross for his bravery and skill. The Airmen as a group would receive the Congressional Gold Medal in 2007 from President George Bush in belated recognition of their service.

Prior to his wartime service, Brown graduated from Springfield College in Springfield, Mass., where he was valedictorian of the Class on 1943. After the war, Captain Brown resumed his education. His doctoral dissertation was on exercise physiology and he became a professor at New York University and later, President of Bronx Community College. In 1992, Brown received an honorary doctor of humanics degree from his alma mater, Springfield College. For many years, he also hosted "African American Legends," a public affairs show produced by CUNY TV.

He died of complications from a hip fracture. In lieu of a traditional funeral Brown requested a jazz concert instead.


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Units served with

A P-51 Mustang (10) of the 332nd Fighter Group. Handwritten caption on reverse: 'Genuine WWII colour photo, Mustang Fossia Italy.' Printed caption with image: 'A/C of negro 33nd FG.'
  • Unit Hierarchy: Squadron
  • Air Force: Twelfth Air Force Fifteenth Air Force
  • Type Category: Fighter
 A ground crewman of the 332nd Fighter Group, 15th Air Force on the tail of a P-51 Mustang. Written on slide casing: '332 FG.'
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Twelfth Air Force Fifteenth Air Force
  • Type Category: Fighter


  • Aircraft Type: P-51 Mustang
  • Nicknames: Bunnie
  • Unit: 332nd Fighter Group 100th Fighter Squadron



Event Location Date Description


Washington, DC, USA 9 March 1922


Graduated Pilot Training/Commissioned

Tuskegee, AL, USA 12 March 1944 Class 44-C-SE


Bronx, NY, USA 2 July 2016
New York, NY, USA




Springfield, MA, USA Bachelor's Degree Springfield College


Date24 Nov 2020 15:56:32
ChangesChanges to awards

NARA files verified DFC and AM w/8 OLCs. He earned at least one bronze star on the EAME Campaign Medal.

Date4 Dec 2016 01:39:54
ChangesCreated entry with surname, middlename, firstname, suffix, nationality, service number, highest rank, role, biography, events, unit associations, place associations and media associations

Roscoe Conkling Brown: Gallery (1 items)