Lewis Hyde Brereton

media-14345.jpeg UPL 14345 Maj Gen Lewis Brereton Commanding General 9th AF.

USAAF Photo.

Object Number - UPL 14345 - Maj Gen Lewis Brereton Commanding General 9th AF.

Lewis Hyde Brereton (June 21, 1890 – July 20, 1967) was a military aviation pioneer and lieutenant general in the United States Air Force. A 1911 graduate of the United States Naval Academy, he began his military career as a United States Army officer in the Coast Artillery Corps prior to World War I, then spent the remainder of his service as a career aviator. In WW II held command of 3rd AF, 1st Allied Airborne Army, 9th Af, 10th AF and Far East Air Force. Overall command of Operation Tidal Wave, the Ploesti mission to destroy the Romanian oilr refineries, was vested in Major General Lewis H. Brereton as commander of Ninth Air Force, headquartered in Cairo.


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Units served with


  • Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator
  • Nicknames: Malicious
  • Unit: 376th Bomb Group 515th Bomb Squadron Halverson Detachment


Event Location Date Description


Pittsburgh, PA 21 June 1890 Son of William Denny and Helen [Hyde] Brereton.


Earned Aviator Rating

Rockwell Field, San Diego, CA 27 March 1913 Brereton was the 10th Army aviator to be awarded his wings


Appointed Commander of the 12th US Aero Squadron

Issoudun, France 1 March 1918 His unit had no aircraft on his arrival, and he could only procure a dozen obsolete Dorand AR.Is[11][nb 10] to fly until first-line Salmson 2 A2s became available. The 12th A.S. began combat operations from Ourches airdrome on May 3, patrolling the "Toul Sector" between Flirey and Apremont in support of the U.S. 26th Division[12] Brereton and his pilots moved overland to Vathiménil to receive their Salmsons in the first week of June and carried out extensive operations between Blâmont and Badonviller in the "Baccarat Sector" for three weeks supporting the U.S. 42nd Division.[13][14]


Appointed Commander of the 10th Air Force

New Dehli, India 5 March 1942


Appointed Commander of the reformed 9th Air Force

Sunninghill Park, UK 31 July 1943


Appointed Commander of the 1st Air Force

Mitchell Army Airfield, New York 1 January 1946


Washington, DC 20 July 1967


27 July 1967 Arlington National Cemetery Arlington, Arlington County, Virginia, USA Plot Section 6, Grave 5717-G



Annapolis, Maryland United States Naval Academy


Transferred Commission to US Army

Fort Monroe, Virginia Applied for a transfer to the US Army due to sea sickness.


Date11 Mar 2021 08:59:20
ChangesChanges to events
Date11 Mar 2021 03:22:08
ChangesChanges to service number
Date1 Mar 2019 00:11:21
ChangesChanges to biography

Ploesti - Anatomy of Disaster - HistoryNet Gen.Hoyt S. Vandenberg Black Sunday - Michael Hill

Date7 Dec 2016 10:27:20
ChangesChanges to media associations

Merged with duplicate entry to include details from:
- AAM Photo added by Paul James

Date30 Mar 2015 10:50:42
ChangesChanges to media associations
Date30 Mar 2015 10:45:02
ChangesCreated entry with surname, middlename, firstname, nationality, highest rank, role, biography, events, unit associations and media associations

Lewis Hyde Brereton: Gallery (15 items)