VIII Bomber Command 76

25 July 1943
media-7577.jpeg UPL 7577 42-3204, ROYAL FLUSH, 384th Bombardment Group. 546th Squadron

384thbombgroup.com

Object Number - UPL 7577 - 42-3204, ROYAL FLUSH, 384th Bombardment Group. 546th Squadron

Description

This mission was composed of three elements. The primary targets were the diesel engine works at Hamburg, Germany; the shipyards at Kiel, Germany and the aircraft industries at Warnemude, Germany, but weather frustrated the effort. The first element was a combined force of 123 B-17s from: 91BG (18); 303BG (20); 351BG (20); 379BG (21); 381BG (23); and 384BG (21) dispatched to attack the diesel engine works at Hamburg, Germany. 68 of this force diverted to the secondary target of the shipyards at Hamburg. 14 others from 381BG dropped on Heide as a target of opportunity. and 18 other bombed various targets of opportunity. Fighter resistance is heavy. 15 B-17s from this formation Failed to Return (FTR) - 37KIA 102POW 10RTD (Rescued). The bomber gunners claim 38-6-27 of the attacking fighters. 

The second element was a combined force of 59 B-17s from: 92BG (18); 305BG (20); and 306BG (21) dispatched to attack the shipyards a Kiel, Germany, but weather and assembly problems caused this element to be recalled. No losses or claims in this element. 

The third element was a combined force of 141 B-17s from 94BG (20); 95BG (27); 96BG (21); 100BG (24); 385BG (28); and 388BG (21) dispatched to bomb the aircraft industries at Warnemunde, Germany but cloud cover and weather diverted most of this formation to attack the shipyards at Kiel, Germany as a Target of Opportunity. 67 were effective on Kiel while 18 dropped on Rerik/West and 33 other bombed targets of opportunity. 4 B-17s of this formation Failed to Return (FTR) - 26KIA 5POW 9RTD (Rescued). Fighter resistance against this element was lighter as they attacked about 15 minutes later than the first element. The bomber gunners claimed 6-0-0 of attacking fighters. 

There was no fighter escort for any of these elements.

Mission Details

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Description: DIESEL ENGINE WORKS/SHIP YARD

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Beginning of operation GOMORRAH (RAF designation). This is the first time the 8 AF acts in concert with the RAF to hit a single target. Air Marshall Arthur "Bomber" Harris had envisioned such a strike since the Area Bombing Directive was issued by the RAF Air Staff on 14-February-1942 which stated, "The primary objective of your (RAF Bomber command) operations should now be focused on the morale of the enemy civil population, and in particular on the industrial workers." The RAF despatched a force of 347 Lancasters, 246 Halifaxes, 125 Sterlings and 73 Wellington bombers to Hamburg in the very early morning hours. The bombers were loaded primarily with incendiary bombs. The RAF losses were light with 4 Halifaxes, 4 Lancasters, 3 Sterlings and one Wellington lost. It is estimated that this RAF raid caused 1,500 civilian casualties with another 380,000 bombed out. The smoke from the fires combined with cloud cover masks the target by the time the 8 AF bombs their targets (all industrial concentrations and the SHIP YARD) at 1630-1645 hours.

Official emblem of the 303rd Bomb Group approved 7 November 1942.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 384th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 414.25
  • People killed in action: 47
  • People wounded in action: 5
  • Prisoners of war: 101
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 38
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 6
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 27
  • Aircraft sent: 123
  • Aircraft effective: 100
  • Aircraft missing in action: 15
  • Aircraft damaged: 67

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Description: NAVAL BASE

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Force unable to assemble because of weather. Mission abandoned.

Official insignia of the 306th Bomb Group, approved 6 January 1943, and updated 2 October 1951.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 92nd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: None
  • Aircraft sent: 59

Description: AIRCRAFT FACTORY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Cloud cover hampers acquisition. Balance refrain from bombing because target is in Occupied territory. 18 388th Bomb Group dropped 179 X 500GP on Rerik/ West Airfield as a Target of Opportunity. 33 others in this element dropped 220 X 500GP and 96 x 100 IB on other Targets of Opportunity

Three airmen of the 100th Bomb Group, Lieutenant Kenneth Menzie, Lieutenant Donald Strout and Lieutenant Norman Scott, plan the route they will take during the next mission in their B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-30380). Image stamped on reverse: 'Reviewed and passed U.S. Army 23 Aug 1943 Press Censor E.T.O. U.S.A.' [stamp]'. Passed for publication 23 August 1943 INTLD 16 General Section Press Censorship Bureau '[stamp], 'Associated Press' [stamp] and '280035.' [Censor no.] Printed caption on reve
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
A bomber crew of the 94th Bomb Group stand with their B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-30200) nicknamed "Slo Time Sally" and a bomb inscribed 'Special delivery to Hitler'. Inscription on bomb reads: 'Special delivery to Hitler, From Peggy of St. Louis.'
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 95th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 285.10
  • People killed in action: 27
  • People wounded in action: 3
  • Prisoners of war: 3
  • People returned to duty: 19
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 6
  • Aircraft sent: 141
  • Aircraft effective: 118
  • Aircraft missing in action: 4
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 50

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

Twelve men in Air Force uniform posed in two rows in front of an airplane.  Seven men standing to the rear and five men kneeling in front.
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 546th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 32226989
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Waist Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 532nd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 39173560
  • Highest Rank: Staff Sergeant
  • Role/Job: waist gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 91st Bomb Group 322nd Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 36324682
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Aerial Gunner
Eleven men in Air Force uniform posed in front of a military airplane.  Five men standing to the rear, six men kneeling in front.  Large canvas bags are on the ground in front of kneeling men.
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 546th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-522720
  • Highest Rank: Captain
  • Role/Job: Pilot / Co-Pilot / Commander
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 100th Bomb Group 418th Bomb Squadron
  • Highest Rank: Lieutenant Colonel
  • Role/Job: Pilot / Commanding Officer

Aircraft

  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Bad Check
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 427th Bomb Squadron
Crew of the Piccadilly Commando
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Piccadilly Commando
  • Unit: 351st Bomb Group 509th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Thundermug
  • Unit: 384th Bomb Group 544th Bomb Squadron 94th Bomb Group 333rd Bomb Squadron
Two airmen of the 303rd Bomb Group admire the nose art of a B-17 Flying Fortress nicknamed "Iza Vailable". Printed caption removed from reverse. On reverse: Keystone Press Agency, 'Sacred' and U.S. Official Photograph O.W.I. [Stamps].
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Iza vailable
  • Unit: 303rd Bomb Group 360th Bomb Squadron
  • Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress
  • Nicknames: Ol Swayback, Moor Fidite
  • Unit: 381st Bomb Group 532nd Bomb Squadron

Revisions

Date
Contributoracbernstein1
Changes
Date
Contributorwilliam henry
Changes
Sources

Correct typos

Date
ContributorARowe95
Changes
Sources

ARowe95

Date
ContributorLee8thbuff
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham 5-May-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to the Warnemude/Kiel element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date
ContributorLee8thbuff
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham 5-May-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to Hamburg element per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman

Date
ContributorLee8thbuff
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham 8-May-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date
ContributorAAM
Changes
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

VIII Bomber Command 76: Gallery (4 items)