VIII Bomber Command 114

10 October 1943
A B-17 Flying Fortress ( serial number 42-30233) of the 95th Bomb Group in flight during a mission over Munster, B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number 42-6414) nicknamed "Herky Jerky II" (circled) breaks formation due to damage. Printed caption on reverse of print: '26414 AC - Munster, Germany (Oct 10, 1943), disabled Boeing B-17 "Flying Fortress" in flight. U.S. Air Force Photo. 10-10-43.'

Object Number - FRE 3919 - A B-17 Flying Fortress ( serial number 42-30233) of the 95th Bomb Group in flight during a mission over Munster, B-17 Flying Fortress (serial number...

Description

This mission was intended to be a massive attack of 307 B-17s on the railroad facilities and waterway (canals) at Munster, Germany. This attack was to be supported by a diversion 39 B-24s. The formation was attacked by hundreds of German fighters which caused the formations to break-up and some Bomb Groups were forced to bomb targets of opportunity. The summary is as follows:

The largest formation was of 133 B-17s from 3rd Bomb Division Bomb Groups: 94BG (21); 95BG (20); 96BG (21); 100BG (14); 385BG (19); 388BG (19); and 390BG (19). This formation was intercepted by swarms of German fighters, literally hundreds. 119 aircraft were effective on the target but losses were significant. 29 aircraft Failed to Return (FTR) and 1 aircraft was ditched into the North Sea - 74KIA 213POW; 5EVD 10 RTD (Rescued by ASR). 1 other returning aircraft was Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) 10RTD. 56 aircraft were damaged. 1 airman in a returning aircraft was KIA and 14 were Wounded in Action (WIA). 95th BG was awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (DUC) for their actions in leading the raid. 390BG set the all-time record for German fighters destroyed on a single mission with a score of 60-6-8 of the attacking German fighters. All tolled the bomber gunners of this formation claimed 177-20-49 of attacking German fighters. While this total is probably exaggerated, it is a fact that the bomber gunners did significant damage to the Luftwaffe on this attack.

A second formation of 139 B-17s from 1st Bomb Division Bomb Groups was also directed to bomb at Munster, Germany, but the smoke, fire, ground haze and carnage from the attack by 3rd BD caused many in this formation to diver to targets of opportunity. The attacks made were as follows:
31 aircraft from: 91BG (10); 351BG (17) and 381BG (6) flew to Munster where 19 were effective on the target. These did not face the furious onslaught of German fighters and the fighter escort was very successful in protecting the bombers. Only 1 aircraft of this formation Failed to Return( FTR) 1KIA 8POW; 13 aircraft were damaged. 4 airmen in this formation were Wounded in Action (WIA). The bomber gunners claimed 4-1-2 of attacking German fighters.
75 aircraft from: 92BG (19); 306BG (18); 303BG (20); and 384BG (18) diverted to attack the industrial areas of Coesfled, Germany. 68 were effective on this target. 30 aircraft were damaged. 1 airmen in a returning aircraft was KIA. There were no claims in this formation.
33 aircraft from: 305BG (16) and 379BG (17) diverted to attempt to bomb the German airfield at Enschede, Holland, but the bombs fell wide and hit the town killing 155 civilians. 3 aircraft were damaged. The bomber gunners claims 2-0-0 of attacking German aircraft.

The third formation of this mission was a formation of 39 B-24s from: 44BG (19); 93BG (9) and 389BG (11) dispatched to fly a diversion for the formations attacking at Munster. There were no losses or claims.

This was a very rough day for 8th Air Force with the loss of 30 aircraft, but the 183-21-51 score of the bomber gunners was impressive even if exaggerated. The Luftwaffe very definitely got a "bloody nose" on this one.

Mission Details

Description: DIVERSION

Aircraft Type: B-24 Liberator

Notes: Diversion for the Munster raid.

The insignia of the 389th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 93rd Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 0.00
  • Aircraft sent: 39
  • Aircraft effective: 39

COESFELD (Opportunistic)

Description: BOMB TARGETS OF OPPORTUNITY

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: Coesfield, Germany was a target of opportunity.

Official emblem of the 303rd Bomb Group approved 7 November 1942.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 384th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 230.65
  • People returned to duty: 10
  • Aircraft sent: 75
  • Aircraft effective: 68
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 30

ENSCHEDE (Opportunistic)

Description: AIRFIELD

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: The airfield at Enschede, Holland was a target of opportunity. The two Bomb Groups attacking missed the airfield and the bombs hit the town killing 155 civilians.

The insignia of the 379th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 30 X 1000GP 620 X 100IB
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 2
  • Aircraft sent: 33
  • Aircraft effective: 30
  • Aircraft damaged: 3

Münster

Description: RAILROADS and WATERWAYS

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: The 390th Bomb Group claims the highest number of enemy aircraft destroyed on a single mission (60-6-8). A record for the 8th Air Force. The 95th Bomb Group is awarded a Distinguished Unit Citation (2nd of 3). Only one aircraft from 100th Bomb Group returned to base, 12 were Missing in Action (MIA) and one Damaged Beyond Repair (DBR) crash-landed.

Official emblem of the 100th Bomb Group, approved 30 March 1944 and replaced 1957
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 385th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 388th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 390th Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment

Mission Statistics

  • Tonnage Dropped: 424.50
  • People killed in action: 74
  • People wounded in action: 13
  • People evaded: 5
  • Prisoners of war: 216
  • People returned to duty: 20
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 177
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 20
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 49
  • Aircraft sent: 133
  • Aircraft effective: 119
  • Aircraft missing in action: 29
  • Aircraft damaged beyond repair: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 56

Münster, Germany

Description: RAILROADS and WATERWAYS

Aircraft Type: B-17 Flying Fortress

Notes: One aircraft from 351st Bomb Group crashes in the sea off Covehithe counted as DBR.

The insignia of the 351st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Bombardment
The insignia of the 381st Bomb Group.
  • Unit Hierarchy: Group
  • Air Force: Eighth Air Force
  • Type Category: Air base

Mission Statistics

  • People killed in action: 1
  • People wounded in action: 4
  • People evaded: 1
  • Prisoners of war: 8
  • Enemy aircrafts destroyed by bomber: 4
  • Enemy aircrafts probably destroyed by bomber: 1
  • Enemy aircraft damaged by bomber: 2
  • Aircraft sent: 33
  • Aircraft effective: 19
  • Aircraft missing in action: 1
  • Aircraft damaged: 13

Connections

See how this entry relates to other items in the archive by exploring the connections below.

People

  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 390th Bomb Group 568th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O742270
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 351st Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: T-060786
  • Highest Rank: Flight Officer
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 350th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-675982
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Navigator
The insignia of the 418th Bomb Squadron, 100th Bomb Group.
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 100th Bomb Group 418th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: 39097495
  • Highest Rank: Technical Sergeant
  • Role/Job: Radio Operator/Gunner
  • Military/Civilian/Mascot: Military
  • Nationality: American
  • Unit: 305th Bomb Group Can Do 364th Bomb Squadron
  • Service Numbers: O-745041
  • Highest Rank: Second Lieutenant
  • Role/Job: Co-Pilot

Aircraft

Revisions

Date31 Jan 2018 17:57:52
Contributorwilliam henry
Sources

Correct typos

Date15 Jan 2016 19:59:25
ContributorMags
Sources

303rd BG Web Page

Date4 Jul 2015 23:40:10
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Jul-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to statistics of 1BD Munster formation per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeeman.

Date4 Jul 2015 23:39:08
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Jul-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy aircraft to statistic of 3BD Munster formation per "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeeman.

Date4 Jul 2015 23:36:28
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Jul-2015. Added bomber gunner claims on enemy fighters to statistics of the Enschede formation per "the Mighty Eighth War Diary", ROger A. Freeman.

Date4 Jul 2015 23:34:27
ContributorLee8thbuff
Sources

Lee Cunningham 4-Jul-2015. Added Mission Narrative based on "The Mighty Eighth War Diary", Roger A. Freeman.

Date26 Apr 2015 20:43:13
Contributorsimaguire
Sources

B17s Over Berlin
Ian L Hawkins

Date26 Apr 2015 20:40:59
Contributorsimaguire
Sources

B17s Over Berlin
Ian L Hawkins

Date26 Apr 2015 20:38:24
Contributorsimaguire
Sources

B17s Over Berlin
Ian L Hawkins

Date13 Nov 2014 11:48:41
ContributorEmily
Sources

Associated Media based on images associated with missions in Freeman, The Mighty Eighth War Diary.

Date27 Sep 2014 18:43:16
ContributorAAM
Sources

Lee Cunningham, 8th Air Force missions research database / Stan Bishop's 'Losses of the US 8th and 9th Air Forces', the Combat Chronology of the US Army Air Forces and the work of Roger Freeman including the 'Mighty Eighth War Diary'.

VIII Bomber Command 114: Gallery (6 items)